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ATLS - Intro

Course Overview

Golden Hour emphasizes urgency for treatment, not fixed time of 60 minutes
Trauma strikes down society's youngest and potentially most productive members
Injury is a disease
First peak of injury death occurs ____ and can be reduced by ____ . immediately, within seconds to minutes prevention
Second peak of injury death occurs ____ and can be reduced by ____ . early, within minutes to several hours rapid assessment and resuscitation
Third peak of injury death occurs ____ and can be reduced by ____ . late, several days to weeks care during each preceding period
First peak death usually occurs from apnea due to severe brain or high spinal cord, or rupture of heart, aorta, or large blood vessels
Second peak death usually occurs from 1-subdural hematomas 2-epidural hematomas 3-hemopneumothorax 4-ruptured spleen 5-liver lacerations 6-pelvic fractures 7-multiple other injuries associated w significant blood loss
Third peak death usually occurs from 1-sepsis and 2-multiple organ system dysfunction
Three underlying concepts of ATLS 1-treat greatest risk to life first 2-treat even without definitive diagnosis 3-begin evaluation without detailed history
ABCDE Airway w C-spine protection. Breathing. Circulation & Stop the bleeding. Disability or neurological status. Expose (undress) and Environment (control temperature)
13 Chapter Titles 1-10 1-Initial Assessment and Management 2-Airway and Ventilatory Management 3-Shock 4-Thoracic Trauma 5-Abdominal and Pelvic Trauma 6-Head Trauma 7-Spine and Spinal Cord Trauma 8-Musculoskeletal Trauma 9-Thermal Injuries 10-Pediatric Trauma
13 Chapter Titles 11-13 11-Geriatric Trauma 12-Trauma in Women 13-Transfer to Definitive Care
Appendices A-E A-Injury Prevention B-Biomechanics of Injury C-Trauma Scores: Revised and Pediatric D-Sample Trauma Flow Sheet E-Tetanus Immunization
Appendices F-I F-Ocular Trauma G-Austere Environments H-Disaster Management and Emergency Preparedness I-Triage Scenarios
Created by: tcrouch2000