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# Pivot Point Ch 10

### Hairstyling

The process of combing wet hair into the desired position is referred to as molding or: a. parting b. carving c. shaping d. distributing c.Shaping
What movement is created when two oblong shapings alternate? a. figure eight b. "O" shaped c. "C" shaped d. "S" shaped d."S" - shaped
The diameter of the tool or pincurl will determine the: a. size of the base b. length of the stem c. direction of the curl d. diameter of the curl d.diameter of the curl
What is the area between partings within a shape on which a roller is placed? a. form b. stem c. curl base d. circle of a curl c.curl base
The section of curl between the scalp and the first turn of the roller is called: a. form b. stem c. base d. circle b.stem
What part of a curl is positioned around the roller? a. curl b. base c. form d. circle d.circle
The combination of the size of the base and the position of the curl in relation to the base is called: a. curl control b. base control c. diameter control d. combination control b.base control
The base control used within a hairstyle affects the amount of closeness in the hairstyle or the amount of lift, which is also called: a. bulk b. size c. volume d. indentation c.volume
The base control that results in the most volume and strongest base strength is called: a. on base b. off base c. undirected d. half-off base a.on base
Holding the hair 90 degrees from the centre of the base and rolling it to sit on the bottom parting results in which of the following base controls? a. on base b. directed c. undirected d. half-off base d.half-off base
What is the term assigned to the base control when the tool being used sits below the bottom parting of the base? a. on base b. off base c. half-off base d. overdirected b.off base
Which base control is being used when the tool sits in the lower portion of the base, but not on or below the parting? a. on base b. off base c. half-off base d. underdirected d.underdirected
Hair that is held at a 45 degree angle above the centre of the base and rolled to sit in the upper portion of the base is described by which of the following terms? a. on base b. overdirected c. half-off base d. underdirected b.overdirected
Using one or two cushion brushes and brushing all the way to the scap to integrate the bases when finishing the hair is called: a. relaxing b. texturizing c. backbrushing d. backcombing a.relaxing
What technique uses a comb to push back the shorter lengths of hair toward the base to create a cushion and add volume to the hairstyle? a. scrunching b. back combing c. back brushing d. relaxing the set b.back combing
A comb with closely set teeth that creates a smooth surface as it is being used is a (n): a. lifter b. tail comb c. rake comb d. all purpose styling comb d.all purpose styling comb
A tool that is effective for smoothing wavy or curly textures and adding directional emphasis when air forming is called: a. long-hair pins b. cushion brush c. fine-tooth comb d. 7 or 9 row air forming brush d.7 or 9 row air forming brush
Which of the following hairstyling products add shine and weight to the hair? a. gel b. pomade c. styling lotion d. aerosol hairspray b.pomade
Styling lotion supports volume and movement and: a. is of foam consistency b. is of liquid consistency c. is a liquid dispensed through compressed gas d. creates maximum control and support of the hair b.is of liquid consistency
Safety guidelines require the air intake of a blow dryer to be: a. closed b. free from debris c. clogged with debris d. covered with a towel b.free from debris
Use of a hand-held dryer with fingers, brushes, pressing combs and/or a curling iron is called: a. wet styling b. form styling c. thermal styling d. directional styling c.thermal styling
Before brushing or combing hair that has been curled with an iron, ensure that the hair is: a. warm b. moistened c. shampooed d. completely cool d.completely cool
Rain or humidity may cause thermally styled hair to react in which of the following ways? a. curls lighten b. curls discolor c. hair becomes lustrous d. hair returns to its original shape d.hair returns to its original shape
Which of the following is recommended to use for testing the temperature of a stove heated iron? a. lifter b. pomade c. paper towel d. styling clamp c.paper towel
The process of drying the hair and then styling it to create a new form is called air forming or: a. pressing b. blow drying c. spiral technique d. ends-to-base technique b.blow drying
Which thermal styling tool is used to air form wet hair while using brushes, combs and fingers to create temporary direction and texture changes? a. hood dryer b. blow dryer c. stove-heater d. stationary dryer b.blow dryer
The blow dryer attachmnent that focuses the air flow to a small area is called the: a. nozzle b. handle c. diffuser d. concentrator d.concentrator
Loss of hair elasticity or split ends may be caused by: a. minimal tension b. minimal blow drying c. excessive blow drying d. excessive towel-blotting c.excessive blow drying
What direction should the blow dryer's air flow point? a. up and down the hair strand b. back and forth across the hair strand c. up the hair strand from the ends to the scalp d. down the hair strand from the scalp to the ends d.down the hair strand from the scalp to the ends
To reduce the potential of hair and scalp damage from heat, hold the blow dryer at least: a. 3" to 5" from the hair b. 8" to 10" from the hair c. 12" to 15" from the hair d. 18" to 20" from the hair a.3" to 5" from the hair
Which of the following is true about the use of a smaller brush when hairstyling? a. used for longer hair b. results in a curlier style c. creates smoother results d. creates a very loose curl b.results in a curlier style
The technique of combining airflow that dries the hair with heat that is retained in the barrel of a hot brush or comb is referred to as: a. air drying b. air waving c. blow waving d. brush waving b.air waving
If a client requests a temporary hair straightening service which of the following methods should be used? a. finger styling b. hair pressing c. spiral curling iron technique d. air forming with a round brush b.hair pressing
Which of the following time periods describes how long hair pressing results last? a. 6 to 8 weeks b. 3 to 4 months c. until the next perm d. until the next shampoo d.until the next shampoo
The hair condition that is NOT able to be reconditioned is: a. dry b. dull c. burned d. bleached c.burned
How can the temperature of a pressing comb be tested? a. wave it in the air & quickly touch it b. hold it close to the nose to smell if it to hot c. quikly grasp the comb in the palm of the hand d. place against a paper towel & look for a change of color d.place it against a paper towel and look for a change of color
Pressing combs are constructed using which of the following elements? a. nickel or zinc b. copper or gold c. plastic or teflon d. stainless steel or brass d.stainless steel or brass
Which of the following will help determine the temperature used when pressng hair? a. color b. length c. density d. texture d.texture
During hair pressing, fine hair requires which of the following actions? a. apply less heat b. apply more heat c. apply hard press d. apply a double press a.apply less heat
A hard press refers to applying the pressing comb: a. with less pressure b. once on each side c. lightly on the surface d. twice with more pressure and heat d.twice with more pressure and heat
Who was the first person to introduce thermal irons? a. Henry Ford b. Thomas Edison c. Marcel Grateau d. Benjamin Franklin c.Marcel Grateau
The curling iron clamp that holds the hair against the barrel is known as the groove or: a. well b. shell c. crimper d. cylinder b.shell
Curling iron barrels, in order to retain heat, are usually made of which of the following materials? a. copper b. bronze c. heavy plastic d. stainless steel d.stainless steel
To maintain a constant temperature during use, the electric curling iron contains a heating element controlled by a: a. rod b. clamp c. conductor d. thermostat d.thermostat
The temperature of the iron is determined by which of the following factors? a. hair condition and texture b. type of handle on the electric curling iron c. number of clicking movements made d. the amount of time the stylist has for the appointment a.client's hair condition and texture
Manipulation of a thermal iron when styling involves all of the following procedures EXCEPT: a. rolling the iron b. quick clicking movement c. maintaining a closed clamp d. opening and closing the clamp c.maintaining a closed clamp
All of the following are true about using thermal iron on tinted,white,very fine hair EXCEPT: a. lower temperature used b. highest temperature used c. hot iron is closed lightly on damp towel before curling d. test iron prior to prevent scorching b.highest iron temperature is used
The technique used to create a curved-under or flipped up effect by adding curl texture at the ends only is referred to as a (n): a. roll technique b. curl technique c. ends technique d. undulating technique c.ends technique
Which of the following steps would be used when performing the spiral technique? a. placing hair between 2 plates b. placing hair between 2 crimped plated c. positioning iron horizontally at the base d. positioning the curling iron vertically at the base d.positioning the curling iron vertically at the base
The hair type that generally requires lower temperatures and less contact time when using an electric curling iron is which of the following? a. red hair b. healthy hair c. resistant hair d. chemically altered hair d.chemically altered hair
Hair breakage may result from which of the following actions? a. pressing hair too often b. less pressure on the hair c. short contact time on hair d. lower pressing comb temperature a.pressing hair too often
Thermal iron procedures are only performed on hair that has been: a. dried b. lightened c. texturized d. kept damp a.dried
The comb used to protect the scalp when performing curling iron techniques should be made of: a. aluminim material b. soft plastic material c. light-weight material d. hard rubber or non flammable material d.hard rubber or nonflammable material
Why should having the ends of the hair protrude over the iron be avoided? a. split ends could occur b. indentation may be created c. fishhook ends could be the result d. expanded volume may be the effect c.fishhook ends could be the result
Double-processed hair requires all of the following EXCEPT: a. additional care b. thermal protectant products c. low temperature curling iron d. high temperature curling iron d.high temperature curling iron
How is the majority of hair straightening accomplished during a pressing service? a. taking wide partings b. applying excess pressing oil c. using the centre teeth of the pressing comb d. pressing the spine of the comb against the hair d.pressing the spine of the comb against the hair
What is created by two complete oblong shapes that are joined and connected by a ridge? a. a pincurl b. a skip wave c. a flat pincurl d. a fingerwave d.a fingerwave
The hollow of the fingerwave may be described by which of the following terms? a ridge b. ledge c. recess d. overdirection c.recess
Overdirection of the ridge in fingerwaving may be caused by which of the following improper techniques? a. using a fine-tooth comb b. using a wide-tooth comb c. pinching or pushing the ridge d. excessive use of styling lotion c.pinching or pushing the ridge
A section of hair that forms a pincurl is commonly described in three parts as the base, stem (arc) and: a. twist b. circle c. barrel d. strand b.circle
The area of the strand at the scalp between partings within a shape is called: a. arc b. form c. base d. circle c.base
Where is the stem of the pincurl located that demonstrates the direction of the curl? a. closest to the scalp b. between the barrel and base c. between the base and first turn d. between partings within a shape c.between base and first turn
What determines the width and strength of a wave? a. size of the base b. size of the circle c. length of the stem d. shape of the base b.size of the circle
Which of the following results would be achieved by using a pincurl with a closed centre? a. wider wave b. uniform effect c. weak wave pattern d. smaller and stronger wave, for a fluffy effect d.smaller and stronger wave, for a fluffy effect
A pincurl with an open circle has the ability to produce which of the following effects? a. fluffy effect b. smaller wave c. stronger wave d. wider wave pattern with uniform curls d.wider wave pattern with uniform curls
Which type of pincurl would be selected to obtain closeness within a hairstyle? a. flat pincurls b. volume pincurls c. stand-up pincurls d. indentation pincurls a.flat pincurls
Cascade pincurls are volume pincurls used to create which of the following results? a. fullness and height b. a smooth flat space c. hollow space and flare d. a wider wave pattern with uniform curls a.fullness and height
What is the name given to large stand-up pincurls that are able to achieve a similar effect to hair wound around a roller, but resulting in less volume? a. flat b. barrel c. indentation d. fingerwave b.barrel
What type of pincurl is used to achieve a blend or transition from areas of volume to areas of closeness? a. flat b. carved c. indentation d. semi-stand-up d.semi-stand-up
The shape of the base within pincurls is used to: a. avoid excess curls b. add volume to hairstyle c. avoid splits in the finished hairstyle d. increase closeness within hairstyle c.avoid splits in the finished hairstyle
The base shapes of pincurls most often used are triangular, square or rectangular and crescent which is also called the: a. arc b. volume c. stand-up d. indentation a.arc
Pincurls created from a curved shaping are called curvature or: a. arc curls b. square curls c. carved curls d. triangular curls c.carved curls
Which type of base control is used to produce lift or strong curl effect? a. underdirected b. on base (no stem) c. off base (full stem) d. half-off base (half stem) b.on base (no stem)
The base control used when an equal degree of predetermined direction and volume are required is: a. undirected b. on base (no stem) c. off base (full stem) d. half-off base (half stem) d.half-off base (half stem)
Which base control is identified as having the stem and circle positined below the base and pick-up line? a. overdirected b. on base (no stem) c. off base (full stem) d. half-off base (half stem) c.off base (full stem)
The off-base pincurl produces which of the following results? a. closeness and mobility b. the greatest amount of curl c. the least amount of closeness d. the least amount of movement a.closeness and mobility
An oblong shaping followed by a row of pincurls is called a (n): a. arc curl b. ridge curl c. skip wave d. volume wave b.ridge curl
Which of the following techniques produces a strong wave pattern? a. ridge curl b. skip wave c. barrel wave d. transitional wave b.skip wave
Cone-shaped or conical rollers fit into a curvature shape and allow the creation of which of the following results? a. straighter line b. bricklay effect c. flatter, closer style d. a stronger curvature movement d.a stronger curvature movement
All of the following techniques describe backbrushing EXCEPT: a. ratting b. matting c. relaxing d. French lacing c.relaxing
Created by: lois100754
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