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The Digestive System

Bile ** Bitter, yellow-green secretion of the liver
Amylase ** Enzymes that breaks down starch into smaller carboydrate molecules
Glucagon ** Is a hormone
Gavage ** Liquid or semi-liquid food is introduced into the stomach through a tube
Endocrine Gland ** Gland that secretes enzymes directly into the blood capillaries instead of being transported by ducts
Exocrien Gland ** Gland that secretes enzymes into a network of tiny ducts that transport it to the surface of an organ or tissue into a vessel
Chyme ** Liquid like material of partially digested food and digestive secreations found in the stomach just before it is released into the deodenum
Deciduous Teeth ** Baby teeth
Crown ** Part of the tooth that is seen
Gingiva or Gingivae ** Gums are known as
Enamel ** Crown is covered in
Digestion ** Requires both chemical and physical changes
Gastroenterologists ** Physicians who apecializes in the G.I. Tract
Dietitian ** An allied health professional trained to plan nutrition programs for sick, as well as healthy people
Defecation Abnormal passageway in the skin near the anus usually connecting with the rectum
Thrush Fungal infection in the mouth and throat producing sore, creamy white, slightly raised curd-like patches on the tongue and other oral mucosal surfaces;
Hernia Irregular protrusion of tissue, organ ora portion of an organ through a break in the surrounding cavity's muscualar wall
Aphthous Stomatis Small non-infectious ulcerated lesions on lips, tongue and inside cheeks
Gallstones Pigmented or hardened cholesterol stones formed as a result of bile crystallization
Dental Caries Tooth decay caused by acid-forming microorganisms
Irritable Bowel Syndrome Increased motility of the small or large intestinal wall resulting in abdominal pain.
Crohn's Disease Chronic digestive tract inflammation that cuases fever, cramping, diarrhea, weight loss, anorexia and extreme swelling of the bowel and can lead to obstruction
Hemorrhoids Permanently distended veins in the distal rectum or anus
Borborygmus Audible abdominal sound caused by hyperactive intestinal peristalsis; can be heard with a stethoscope as a rumblingm, gurgling or tickling sound
Abdominocentesis Insertion of a needle into the peritoneal cavity to remove excess fluid
Gastric Lavage Irrigation or washing out of the stomach with sterile water or saline
Colostomy Surgical creation of a new opening on the abdominal wall through which feces will be expelled by bringing the incised colon out to the abdominal surface
Cholecystectomy Surgical removal of the gall bladder
Oral Cholecystography X-ray of the gall bladder following oral ingestion of pills containing radiopaque iodinated dye
Small Bowel Follow Through X-ray of small bowel taken at timed intervals to observe progression of a contrast medium
Icterus another name for jaundice
Gastroesophageal Reflux Back flow of stomach contents of the stomach into the esophagus
Herniorrhaphy Surgical hernia repair using sutures mesh or wire
Achlorhydria Absence of hydrochloric acid in the gastric juice
Emaciation Excessive leanness caused by disease or lack of nutrition
Dyspepsia Vague epigastric discomfort after eating
Ascites Abnormal accumulation of fluid within the peritoneal cavity
Aphagia Loss of swallowing ability
Emesis Material expelled from the stomach through the mouth with a characteristic belching sound
Nausea Unpleasant sensation often leading to the urge to vomit
Pruritis Ani Chronic condition of itching around the anus
Deglutination Swallowing
Mastication Chewing
Absorption Passage of digested food molecules into intestinal cells
Vomitus Emesis
Steatorrhea Greater than normal amounts of fat in the feces
Anal Fistula Abnormal passageway in the skin near the anus usually connecting with the rectum
Flatulence Air or gas in the intestine that is passed through the rectum
Eructation Bringing up air from the stomach through the mouth with a characteristic belching sound
Created by: anna0526