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Respiratory System

QuestionAnswer
Rales Abnormal sounds heard on chest auscultation; crackling sounds
Dysphonia Difficulty speaking; hoarseness
Stridor Harsh, high-pitched whistling sound of blowing wind heard primarily on inhalation
Productive Cough Bringing up sputum
Orthopnea Abnormal condition where sitting up straight is required to breathe comfortable
Bradypnea abnormally slow breathing
Croup Childhood disease;
Empyema Pus in a body cavity(primarly pleural; pyothorax), a result of lung infection
Coryza the common cold, inflammation of respiratory mucous membaranes
Pneumothorax Gas collection in pleural cavity, results from; perforation of chest wall or visceral pleura
Kussmaul's Respirations Deep,gasping respiration; associated with diabetic acidosis
Anthracosis Black lung disease
Asbestosis Lung disease resulting from; inhalation of asbestos particles
Silicosis Lung disease resulting from; inhalation of silica dust
Pleurisy Inflammation of visceral and parietal pleura
Byssinosis Brown lung disease
Asthma Paryoxysmal dyspnea with wheezing
Emphysema chronic pulmonary disease in which lungs lose elasticity
Pulmonary Edema lung swelling with fluid accumulation in the lungs, either in the alveoli or interstitial spaces
Lung Cancer Bronchiogenic carcinoma
Cor Pulmonale Pulmonary heart disease
Pertussis Whooping Cough
Alveoli air cells of lungs, functional units of the lungs
Apex of Lung Upper portion of lung
Base of Lung lowest portion of lung
Bronchi has two main branches leading from airway to lungs
Diaphragm Musculomembranous wall; separtes thorax and abdomen
Epiglottis thin leaf-shaped, posterior to tongue root, vocers entrance to larynx when swallowing
Larynx voice box
Nares external nostrils
Nasopharynx part of pharynx located above the soft palate
Paranasal sinuses hallow cavities within the skull that communicate with the nasal cavity
Pharynx throat
Pleura double-folded membrane, lines throacic cavity
Thorax Chest
Visceral Pleura portion of the pleura closest to internal organs
Trachea windpipe
apnea temporary cessation of breathing
Tachypnea rapid breathing
Wheeze whistling sound or sighing from narrowed lumen of respiratory passageway
Laryngitis inflammation of the larynx
Pharyngitis inflammation of the pharynx
Epistaxis Nosebleed
Rhinorrhea Thin watery nasal discharge
Expectoration Coughing up material from air passageway which leads to the lungs
Inspection Visual examination of the external body, its movements and posture
Palpation Examination by using hands and fingers on external body surfaces to detect evidence of disease or abnormaility
Auscultation Listening for sounds in order to detect an abnormal condition using a stethoscope
Percussion Use of fingertips to lightly tap the body in order to determine; postion, size and consistency of an underlying struction and/or the presence of fluid in a cavity
Thoracentisis Removal of excess pleural fluid or air from pleural spaces using needle aspiration
Bronchoscopy interior exam of bronchi using lighted flexible endoscope
Created by: anna0526