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Circulatory/Cardio

Circulatory/Cardiovascular System Terminology

TermDefinition
endocardium innermost layer of the heart that lines the heart and blood vessels
myocardium muscular middle layer of the heart, thickest
pericardium two outer layers with fluid in between to prevent friction while the heart is beating
arteries carry blood away from the heart
veins carry blood to the heart
capillaries where gas exchange happens
embolism a mass which blocks a vessel
pericarditis inflammation of or around the heart
leukemia rapid abnormal production of white blood cells
cyanosis skin turns blue
cardiology study of the heart
endocarditis inflammation of the inner lining of the heart
arteriosclerosis hardening of the arteries
phlebitis inflammation of a vein
anemia low red blood cells
vericose veins swollen, knotted veins
hematoma mass of blood in the tissue
bradycardia slow heart rate
tachycardia fast heart rate
thrombophlebitis blood clot in an inflamed vein
myocarditis inflammation of heart muscle
cardiac arrest heart stops beating
aortic pertaining to the aorta
coronary pertaining to the heart
thrombosis abnormal clot formation
edema fluid in the tissue
hypertension high blood pressure
hypotension low blood pressure
hemorrhage heavy flow of blood
hemorrhoidectomy removal of the hemorrhoids
splenectomy removal of the spleen
aneurysm dilation of a weak area in an artery
congestive heart failure inability of the heart to pump blood
coronary occlusion closing off of a coronary artery, may cause a heart attack
hemophilia a condition in which one is prone to excessive bleeding
hemorrhoid enlarged vein in the rectum
myocardial infarction heart attack, damage to heart muscle
angina chest pain
coronary artery disease narrowing of the arteries of the heart
arrhythmia abnormal heart beat
cardiomegaly enlarged heart
angioplasty surgical procedure to blood vessels, usually heart
epistaxis nose bleed
Created by: dtomczik
 

 



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