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Pathologies

Pathologies of all units in A&P

QuestionAnswer
Scoliosis sideways curvature of the spine
Lordosis inward curvature of the lumbar spine
Kyphosis curvature of the cervical and/or thoracic section of the spine
Rheumatoid arthritis An auto-immune disease that attacks the membranes of the joints
Gout form of arthritis where there is a build up of uric crystals in the joint capsule & cartilage
Osteoporosis Brittle bone disease
Muscle atrophy Wasting away of bulk muscle tissue due to undernourishment or lack of use
Muscle strain over use, over exertion or over stretching of a muscle
Muscle sprain sudden twist or wrench of a ligament
Muscle fatigue direct term for the inability to exert normal use of a muscle
Spasticity inhibitory nerves have been cut, therefore spinal reflexes cause sustained contraction
Cramp involuntary contraction of one or more muscles
Fibromyalgia pain, stiffness and tenderness of muscles, joints and tendons.
Myositis inflammation of a muscle
Basal cell carcinoma most common form of cancer
Hodgkin's disease Cancer of the lymphatic tissue
Lymphoedema Oedema resulting from an obstruction in the lymphatic vessels
Oedema/Water retention swelling due to excess fluid
Addison's disease hypo-secretion of adrenocortical hormones
Cushing's syndrome hyper-secretion of adrenocortical hormones
Amenorrhoea Absence of menstruation- can be caused by hypersecretion of testosterone, stress, radical weight loss or anaemia
Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome multiple growth of follicular ovarian cysts, enlarged ovaries, high levels of oestrogen
Diabetes Mellitis auto-immune disease where pancreas is unable to produce insulin,doesnt produce enough or the body doesnt respond properly to the insulin produced
Diabetes Insipidus impaired ADH production
Endometriosis presence of endometrium outside
Bell's Palsy injury or infection of the facial nerve
Neuritis inflammation of a nerve
Neuralgia burning or stabbing pain along a nerve
Parkinsons disease progressive disease caused by damage to the basal ganglia of the brain and a loss of dopamine(neuro-transmitter)
Myalgic Encephalomyelitis inflammation of the brain and spinal cord - chronic fatigue syndrome
Cerebral Palsy damage caused to the brain during birth or pre natal defect - affects motor system control
Multiple Sclerosis loss of myelin sheath from CNS
Sciatica pressure on the roots of the sciatic nerve
Motor neurone disease progressive disorder, deterioration of motor nerves- weakness and wasting of muscles
Bronchitis Inflammation of the bronchial tubes
Emphysema alveoli stretch and lose elasticity
Pleurisy Inflammation of the pleural lining
Pneumonia Inflammation of lung tissue caused by infection
Tuberculosis disease caused by bacteria either inhaled or eaten
Asthma difficulty in exhalation, coughing and wheezing
Rhinitis stuffy congested nose and sinuses
Sinusitis Inflammation of sinuses, causing facial pain
Hay fever allergic rhinitis
Appendicitis Inflammation of the appendix
Cirrhosis of the liver chronic damage to the liver
Jaundice excessive levels of bile pigment-malfunction of the gall bladder or obstructed flow of bile
Heartburn burning sensation in oesophagus, back flow of stomach acid
Irritable Bowel Syndrome stomach and bowel pain, bouts of diarrhoea and constipation
Ulcer Erosions in the walls of the digestive system
Hernia Rupture, where an organ pushes through the surface enclosing it
Anorexia Nervosa loss of appetite, psychological condition where they stop eating
Bulimia Psychological condition of binging and purging
Constipation Infrequent or uncomfortable bowel movements
Gall stones Stones formed from residues of bile pigments, cholesterol and calcium salts
Coeliac's disease common bowel condition caused by an intolerance to gluten
Cystitis Inflammation of the bladder
Kidney stones deposits of substances found in urine forming solid stones in the renal pelvis, bladder or ureters
Nephritis inflammation of the kidney tissue
Ectopic pregnancy pregnancy which occurs outside of the uterus
Dysmenorrhoea extremely difficult and painful menstruastion
Pre-Menstrual Syndrome onset of menstruation
Mastitis inflammation of the breast tissue
Osteo arthritis de-generative condition as a result of injury or aging
Created by: smyleekim