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Medix MOA Yellow Mod

Cardiovascular Respiratory Vital Signs with Abbreves

QuestionAnswer
T temperature: afebrile/elevated=fever/low=hypothermia around 37C-normal; above 37-slight; above 38-moderate; above 39-severe; above 40-dangerous; above 41-fatal
P pulse: volume - weak/normal/bounding or strong; rate - #bpm; rhythm - regular/irregular
R respiration: rate - #breaths/min; rhythm - regular/irregular; depth - shallow/normal/deep
BP blood pressure
Ht height
Wt weight
COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
COLD chronic obstructive lung disease
RT Respiratory Technologist
RRCP Registered Respiratory Care Practitioner
Tb tuberculosis
DB&C deep breathing and coughing
ABG arterial blood gases
BMI body mass index
CCU coronary care unit
ICU intensive care unit
CSM circulation, sensation, movement
CVA cerebrovascular accident
SPD sterile processing unit
PFT pulmonary function test
PVA peripheral vascular assessment
PRN, p.r.n. as required
qid, q.i.d. four times per day
qd, q.d. daily, once per day
bid, b.i.d. twice per day
q8h, q12h, q4h every 8, 12, 4 hours
eupnea good/normal breathing
orthopnea difficult breathing due to position, good breathing only when elevated/upright (straight)
dyspnea difficulty breathing
essential (primary) hypertension idiopathic (cause unknown)
secondary hypertension associated with disease
hypotension consistently under 100/60; caused by heart failure, depression, shock
hypertension consistently about 140/90; caused by obesity, stress, high salt intake, aging
celsius to fahrenheit fahrenheit to celsius multiply by 1.8 and add 32 subtract 32 and divide by 1.8
DVT deep vein thrombosis
PVC premature ventricular contraction
HF heart failure
PAC premature atrial contraction
CAD coronary artery disease
SA sinoatrial node
DOE dyspnea on exertion
AAA abdominal aortic aneurysm
BBB bundle-branch block
VT ventricular tachycardia
ACE angiotensin-converting enzyme
MI myocardial infarct; heart attack; heart damage(tissue death)caused by O2 deficiency; CAD often the cause
ECHO echocardiogram, graph, graphy
CHD coronary heart disease
CHF congestive heart failure
ECG/EKG electrocardiogram, graph, graphy
CPR cardiopulmonary resuscitation
CC cardiac catheterization
MRA magnetic resonance angiogram, graph, graphy
arteriosclerosis hardening of the arteries reducing blood flow
atherosclerosis buildup and hardening of fatty plaque on arterial walls
crash cart mobile cart stocked with supplies needed to treat cardiac arrest/myocardial infarct
CVA cerebrovascular accident; stroke; blood supply to brain is diminished or occluded completely
hypertension excessive force of the blood against the vessel walls as the heart pumps
systolic pressure pressure on the arterial walls when the heart is contracting
diastolic pressure pressure on the arterial walls when the heart is relaxing
CHF congestive heart failure; a weakened heart is unable to pump all of the blood out of the lungs on each beat; blood pools at the bottom of lungs, interfering with breathing
arrhythmia loss of normal rhythm of the heartbeat; irregular heart beat
atrial fibrillation abnormal heart rhythm where atria beat faster than ventricals; fast and irregular
pneumonia acute infection of the tissues of the lung
asthma disease affecting air passages of lungs, wheezing and shortness of breath
emphysema a COPD with gradual destruction of the alveoli, gas exchange compromised and inadequate
COLD COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary/lung disease; any chronic lung condition where the flow of expired air is slowed
hemorrhage loss of a large (500cc/adult) amount of blood
hypoxia insufficient oxygen in blood or tissue
postural drainage positioning client with head below body so gravity can help drain mucus and secretions from lungs
clapping/percussion using cupped hands to gently but firmly strike affected regions of the chest to move secretions
vibrations rapid movements of flattened hands over the client's chest to move secretions
crackles/crepitation 'bubbling' lung sounds like heard on auscultation produced by air passing over airway secretions
rhonchi/wheezes 'musically pitched' lung sounds produced by air passing through narrowed bronchi, heard on auscultation
pulse oximetry arterial blood oxygen saturation; normal is 95%; sensor on Pt finger usually
thoracocentesis or pleural tap for diagnostic and/or therapeutic purposes; procedure to remove fluid from pleura and chest wall
incentive spirometer sustained maximal inspiration device; used after surgery to encourage deep breathing exercises; assess efficacy of breathing
inhalation therapy metered dose inhaler, for example
oxygen therapy supplemental oxygen for clients with low O2 levels; from cylinder, wall, portable tank, or oxygen concentrator; mask or nasal prongs
tracheostomy an artificial airway through an incision in the trachea
tracheotomy the incision into the trachea in order to place an artificial airway (tube)
suctioning negative pressure applied to remove mucus, phlegm and other secretions from the airway
oropharyngeal suctioning (tube) catheter through the mouth to suction mouth to back of throat
nasopharyngeal suctioning (tube) catheter through the nose to suction nose, mouth, throat
deep suctioning (endotracheal tube) catheter suctions lower trachea and bronchi
endotracheal suctioning (tube) catheter suctions through the artifical airway (tracheostomy)
PVA peripheral vascular assessment - done when PVD is suspected to determine extent of disease.
Telemetry Unit 'step down' from intensive care; client is fitted with a telemetry monitor which allows for ongoing assessment of cardiac function without confining client to bed.
pacemaker small electronic device that regulates heartbeat with electrical stimulation to the heart
bradycardia extremely slow heartbeat; below 60.
apnea lack of, not, breathing
rales lung sound (like rattles) heard on auscultation; indicates accumulation of fluid in lungs
Cheyne-Stokes abnormal pattern of breathing with progressively deeper and sometimes faster breathing, followed by a gradual decrease that results in apnea; cycle usually takes 30 seconds to 2 mins.; associated with changing serum partial pressures of o2 and co2.
idiopathic without known cause
tachypnea fast breathing
afebrile without elevated temp
sublingual under the tongue
bradypnea slow breathing
albumin/o albumin, protein
angi/o blood, lymph vessel
aort/o aorta
arteri/o artery
arteriol/o arteriole
ather/o fatty plaque
atri/o atrium
bilirubin/o bilirubin
cardi/o heart
coron/o coronary, crown
ech/o sound
electr/o electricity
embol/o plug, embolus
erythr/o red
fibrill/o muscular twitching
fibrin/o fibrin, threads of a clot
hem/o blood
hemangi/o blood vessel
hemat/o blood
isch/o hold back
leuk/o white
lip/o fat
lipid/o fat
macr/o large
my/o muscle
phag/o eating, swallowing
phleb/o vein
reticul/o network
scler/o hardening
ser/o serum
sept/o septum; wall or barrier
septi/o seven
septic/o poison
sten/o narrowing
sphygm/o pulse
thromb/o clot, thrombus
valv/o valve
valvul/o valve
vas/o blood, lymph vessel
vascul/o blood, lymph vessel
ven/o vein
ventricul/o ventricle
capill/o capillary
ven/o veins; venules
con- stringere constriction together to draw binding, squeezing, narrowing
dilatare to enlarge
heat warmth of infected tissues compared to surrounding uninfected tissues
an- without, not, less than
brady- slow
extra- outside
per- through
pro- before, in behalf of
trans- across
anti- against
epi- upper
endo- within
peri- around
tachy- fast, rapid
-cyte cell
-emia blood condition
-gram record
-graphy process of recording
-oma tumour
-phage cell that destroys, eats
-stasis stopping, controlling
-crasia mixture, blending
-fusion mixture
-desis binding, fusion
-graph instrument to record
-itis inflammation
-penia deficiency of
-spasm sudden involuntary contraction
-stenosis narrowing, stricture
homeostasis maintaining a stable internal environment
alveol/o air sac; alveolus alveolar
adenoid/o adenoid adenoidectomy
atel/o incomplete; imperfect atelectasis - incomplete expansion of the lung (collapsed lung, airless lung)
anthrac/o black anthracosis - abnormal condition of coal dust in the lung
bronch/o, bronchi/o brochial tubes bronchoscope
bronchial/o bronchioles bronchiolitis
cyan/o blue cyanosis
coni/o dust pneumoconiosis - abnormal condition of dust in the lungs
hem/o blood hemoglobin
laryng/o larynx, voice box laryngitis
lob/o lobe lobectomy
nas/o nose nasal
or/o mouth oral
ox/i, ox/o oxygen oximeter
oxy- quick, sharp or oxygen oxygeusia - abnormally keen sense of taste oxyrhine - having a sharp pointed nose or an acute sense of smell oxygenase - enzyme that enables organism to use atmospheric oxygen in respiration
olfact/o smell; sense of smell; olfactory neurons olfactory
orth/o straight, correct, normal, in proper order orthopnea - labored breathing while lying flat, improves when sitting or standing
pharyng/o pharynx; throat pharyngocele - hernia through the pharangeal wall
pector/o chest pectoriloquy - distinct transmission of vocal sounds during auscultation, over areas of consolidation, pneumothorax and some pleural effusions
pneum/o, pneumon/o lungs, air pneumothorax - air in chest pneumonopathy - any diseased condition of the lung
pulm/o, pulmon/o lungs pulmonary
pleur/o pleura; side of body; rib pleuracotomy - incision into the pleura through the chest wall
phren/o diaphragm; mind phrenodynia - pain in the diaphragm
phon/o sound, voice phonocardiogram
rhin/o nose rhinoplasty
steth/o chest stethoscope
sphygm/o pulse sphygmomanometer
sinus/o sinus, cavity sinusitis
sept/o septum, wall or barrier
spir/o breathing, breath spirometer
tonsill/o tonsils tonsillitis
trache/o trachea; windpipe tracheostomy
thorac/o chest thoracograph
epiglott/o epiglottis epiglottitis
a- without, not, absence of anoxia
brady- slow bradycardia
dys- bad; painful; difficult dyspnea
eu- good; normal eupnea
tachy- rapid tachypnea
-capnia carbon dioxide CO2 hypercapnia
-meter instrument to measure oximeter
-pnea breathing apnea
-phonia voice dysphonia
-spasm sudden involuntary contraction; twitching bronchospasm - as in asthma
-ectasis stretching, dilation, enlargement bronchiectasis - dilation of one or more bronchi
-osmia smell anosmia
-plegia paralysis, stroke laryngoplegia - paralysis of vocal cords and larynx
-ptysis spitting hemoptysis - spitting up blood
-thorax pleural cavity, chest pneumothorax - air in chest (pleural cavity)
ABG(S) arterial blood gases
ARDS acute respiratory distress syndrome
COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
FEV forced expiratory volume
PaCO2, PCO2 partial pressure of carbon dioxide
PFT pulmonary function test
pH symbol for acidity or alkalinity, potentia hydrogenii (power potential of hydrogen); neutral 7; below 7 acid; above 7 alkaline
PO2 partial pressure of oxygen
RD respiratory distress
SIDS/SUDS Sudden Infant Death Syndrome; Sudden Unexplained Death Syndrome
URI upper respiratory infection
VC vital capacity
Hx history
AFB acid-fast bacillus
AP anteroposterior
CO2 carbon dioxide
CXR chest x-ray, chest radiograph
FVC forced vital capacity
HMD hyaline membrane disease
IPPB intermittent positive-pressure breathing
IRDS infant respiratory distress syndrome
NMTs nebulized mist treatments
O2 oxygen
PA posteroanterior; pernicious anemia
PCP pneumocystic carinii peneumonia
PND paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea
RDS respiratory distress syndrome
SaO2 arterial oxygen saturation
SOB shortness of breath
T & A tonsillectomy & adenoidectomy
TB tuberculosis
atelectasis inability of the lung to expand properly
bronchiectasis chronic dilation of a bronchus or bronchi
Cheyne-Stokes respirations breathing characterized by fluctuations in the depth of the respirations (death rattle)
compliance the ease with which lung tissue can be stretched
Cystic Fibrosis hereditary disease of the exocrine glands affecting the respiratory system, pancreas and sweat glands
epistaxis nosebleed
hemoptysis condition of spitting up blood
hemothorax blood in the chest cavity
histamines body substances that dilate blood vessels, causing swelling and inflammation in nasal passages
hypercapnia condition of increased amount of CO2 in blood
mediastinum space between the right and left lung, which contains the heart, aorta, esophagus, and the bronchi
nasopharynx throat above the soft palate, behind the nose
pneumonconiosis abnormal condition of dust in the lungs
sputum abnormal viscous fluid formed in the lower respiratory tract that often contains blood, pus, bacteria
tonsillotome instrument to cut tonsils
surfactant substance that decreases surface tension in the alveoli allowing expansion
Forced Expiratory Volume FEV max amount of air that can be expelled after max inspiration
Tidal Volume TV amount of air that moves in and out during normal breathing
-lysis separation; destruction; loosening
Created by: iredaleorama