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med term CH 9-12

Lymphatic system alternative system of the cardiovascular system cleansing, returning, defending, providing a pathway
Immune system Lymphatic system is used with this system
-poiesis generation of
bone marrow creates white blood cells and red blood cells
erthr/o red, blood
thromb/o clot
-cytes cells
plasma watery stuff blood cells float in
lymphaden/o lymph nodes, lymph glands
physical barriers skin
mechanical barriers cough, sneeze
chemical barriers body can produce chemicals like mucus to keep out and fight when inside
phagocytosis surrounds and eats infection
-globulins immune system proteins
first level defense mechanical, outer barrier to protect body
coagulation the body ability to clot
-philia tendency toward, condition of attraction
-emia blood
-osis to much of
-meglia enlargement
acute body no longer producing the problem but it can come back
Hodgkin lymphoma one type of cancer cell affecting the lymphatic system
Non-Hodgkin lymphoma more than one type of cancer cell affecting the lymphatic system
-lytic destruction of
vole/o volume
-apheresis removal of
plateles thromb/o, clot
adenoid tonsils
-otomy cut into
-statics hold still
-poietic formative
-plastics formation of
coron/o arteries that feed the heart
atria upper chambers of the heart
brady- slow
tachy- fast
Aorta valve biggest valve in the heart
Vena cavae biggest vein in the heart
failure not working like it needs to
ortho/static ortho- muscleskeletal system, movement of body
ather/o plaque buildup
granul/o little grain
morph/o shape, form
immun/o safety, protection
eosin/o rosy, dawn-colored
phag/o eat, swallow
-stasis controlling, stopping
-poiesis formation
-lysis breakdown
-poietin forming substance
-phil attraction
-globin protein substance
-gen producing
-siderin iron substance
Hgb, HB, HG hemoglobin
Hg mercury
neutr/o neutral
bas/o base
PMNs granulocytes, polymorphonucleocytes
PMN neutrophil referred to as polymorph
cyt/o cell
cyst/o bladder
hemostasis control of blood flow
homeostasis steady state
agglutin/o clumping
macro- large
axill/o armpit
inguni/o groin
thym/o thymus
thyr/o thyroid
interstit/o space between
pyr/o fire, fever
-exia condition
humor/o liquid
-leukin white substance
-in substance
sider/o iron
-penia deficiency of
-cytosis abnormal condition of cells
-ism condition
non-Hodgkin lymphoma collection of all lymphatic cancers except Hodgkin lymphoma
ALL acute lymphocytic leukemia, rapid form of leukemia developing from immature lymphocytes
CLL chronic lymphocytic leukemia, slow form of leukemia with proliferation of immature lymphocytes
CML chronic myelogenous leukemia, slow form of leukemia with proliferation of immature bone marrow
multiple myeloma plasma cell dyscrasia, tumors found in many bones
AML acute myelogenous leukemia, rapid form of leukemia with proliferation of immature bone marrow
Hodgkin lymphoma cancer of lymphatic system detected by presence of Reed-Sternberg cells
Coombs antiglobulin HDN, transfusion reaction
HDN hemolytic disease of the newborn
Schilling test pernicious anemia
PTT partial thromboplastin time, hemophilia
PCV packed-cell volume, percentage of RBCs
monospot infectious mononulceosis
ESR erthrocyte sedimentation rate, if increased inflammation indicated
blood culture microorganisms
WBC white blood cell (count)
Western blot HIV
Hct hematocrit aka packed cell volume
ELISA test to detect HIV 1 & 2
MCH mean corpuscular hemoglobin, anemia
MCHC mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration, response to anemia treatment
allergy test hypersensitivity
PT prothrombin time, determines cause of bleeding
autotransfusion donor is transfused with his own blood from an active bleeding site
autologous transfusion donor is reinfused with her own stored blood
homologous bone transplant transplantation of healthy bone marrow from donor
autologous bone transplant harvesting of patients own bone marrow to be reintroduced later
adenoid pharyngeal tonsils
EBV Epstein-Barr virus
AIDS acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
HIV human immunodeficiency virus
CMP comprehensive metabolic panel
BMT bone marrow transplant
coron/o heart
ox/i, ox/o oxygen
capn/o carbon dioxide
pulmon/o lung
vas/o, vascul/o, angi/o vessel
aort/o aorta, largest artery in heart
atri/o atrium, upper chamber of heart
sept/o septum, wall between chambers of heart
valvul/o valve
ventricul/o ventricle, small cavity or chamber, lower chamber of heart
cordi/o heart
arteri/o artery, vessel that carries blood away from the body
e- out
-um structure
ject/o throwing
-ion process of
con- together
tract/o pull
pariet/o parietal, wall outside heart
palpation examination by touch
palpebration blinking
palpitation racing heart
claudication cramplike pain in legs
syncope fainting
diaphoresis profuse sweating
murmur abnormal heart sound of gentle blowing, fluttering, humming
thrill fine vibration felt on palpation
ischemia decreased blood supply
pallor paleness of the skin
-pnea breathing
cyan/o blue
SOB shortness of breath
stenosis narrowing
sclerosis hardening
infarcation tissue death
infraction breaking
tens/o stretching
hyper/tens/ion process of excessive stretching, high blood pressure
-tomy incision
echo sound
sclero/o hard
-theraphy treatment
sclero/therpahy hard treatment, treatment by hardening veins
athero/ectomy removal of plaque from the coronary artery
-centesis surgical puncture
TEE transesophageal echocardiogram, ultrasound procedure to examine the heart through the esophagous
MI myocardial infarction, heart attack
ASD atrial septal defect, hole between top chambers of the heart
TV tricuspid valve, valve on the right side of the heart
ECC extracorporeal circulation, circulation of blood outside the body during surgery
MV mitral valve, valve on the left side of the heart
EST exercise stress test, noninvasive test that indicates possible artery blockage
RA rheumatoid arthritis, upper right chamber of the heart
AS aortic stenosis, narrowing of the largest artery in the body
AV atrioventricular, pertaining to the upper and lower chambers of the heart
edema abnormal accumulation of fluid in interstitial spaces of tissues
pulmonary congestion excessive amount of blood in the lung tissue
venous distension condition of enlarged, swollen veins
auscultation listening for sounds within the body
bruit abnormal sound heard from heart murmur
tetralogy of Fallots 4 defects
patent open
PDA patent ductus arteriosus
coarctation deformed aortic media, causing narrowing of the lumen of the vessel
normal sinus rhythm normal heart rate
flutter rapid heart rate with regular rhythm 250-350 bpm
fibrillation extremely rapid and irregular heart rhythm
atrial ectopic beats are the same as what? premature arterial contractions
premature ventricular contractions are the same as what? ventricular ectopic beats
myocardial infarction artery becomes blocked and part of the heart muscle dies
what are the similarities of the esophageal varices and hemorrhoids? both are dilated veins
Holter monitor portable EKG to gather heart activity during daily activities
what is measured in a lipid profile? cholesterol and triglycerides
CPK creatine phosphokinase, enzymes released during myocardial infarction
LDH lactate dehydrogenase, enzymes released during myocardial infarction
-ase enzyme
digital subtraction angiography subtracts background structures to image vessels
echocardiography ultrasound tech. also used to create images of the heart
posteroanterior and lateral chest x-rays are used for determining what about the heart? size and shape
Swan-Ganz catheter used to monitor left ventricular function
sphygmomanometer instrument to measure blood pressure
cardiac pacemaker device that assists the heart to maintain a normal rhythm
MIDCAB minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass
CABG coronary artery bypass graft
commissur/o connection
what does commissurotomy correct? mithral stenosis
what mechanical device when inserted into lower chamber helps a weakened heart? left ventricular assist device
ligation tying
radio frequency catheter ablation procedure that destroys abnormal electrical pathways in the heart
what is sclerotheraphy correct? varicose veins
PACAB port-access coronary artery bypass, heart is stopped during surgery
beta-blockers drugs that lessen the heart rate and force of the heart beat by decreasing nerve impulses
anticoagulants drug that prevent blood clots
calcium channel blockers drugs that slow the flow of calcium to smooth muscle cells causing arterial relaxation
ACE inhibitors drugs that relax blood vessels by preventing the formation of vasoconstrictor angiotensin 2
antiarrhytmic drugs restores normal sinus rhythm
thrombolytics drugs that dissolve clots
antianginals, nitrates drugs that relax blood vessels and reduce myocardinal oxy.consumption to lessen pain of angina pectoris
diuretics drugs that help the body form and excrete urine, also used to treat hypertension and CHF
CHF congestive heart failure
TDNTG transdermal nirtoglycerin
CAD coronary artery disease
PTCA percutaneous transluminal coronary angiopplasty
LCA left coronary artery
paroxysmal artial tachycardia contractions of the upper chambers of the heart
stern/o sternum, breastbone
ECG electrocardiographic
hemorrhoids varicose veins in the rectum
spir/o breathe
-atory pertaining to
-ation process of
ex- out
nas/o nose
trache/o trachea, windpipe goes down and splits in two
laryng/o larynx, voicebox
pharyng/o pharynx, hollow tube that starts from behind the nose and and ends at the top of the windpipe
epiglott/o epiglottis, flap of cartilage at the opening to the voicebox
mediastin/o mediastinum, space between the lungs
thorac/o chest
steth/o chest
pector/o chest
bronchiol/o tiny branch of air tubes within the lungs that is a continuation of the bronchus
bronch/o, bronchi/o bronchus, large air tube that begins at the end of the windpipe and branches into the lungs
alveol/o alveolus, Small air sacs or cavities in the lung that give the tissue a honeycomb appearance and expand its surface area for the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide
pneum/o, pneumon/o lung
lob/o, lobul/o lobe, sections in the lungs
pleur/o pleural cavity, one of the two membranes around the lungs
viscer/o viscera, internal organs of the body, specifically those within the chest or abdomen
pariet/o wall
phren/o diaphragm,the muscle that separates the chest (thoracic) cavity from the abdomen
branchi/o arm
-dynia pain
eu- good
-thorax chest pleural cavity, membrane surrounding lungs
mantoux skin test test for tuberculosis
ABG arterial blood gases, blood test to measure oxygen and carbon dioxide
what test diagnoses cystic fibrosis sweat test
pulmonary angiography imaging technique that shows the flow of blood through vessels of the lungs
CXR chest x-ray
RML right middle lobe
PPD purified protein derivative
URI upper respiratory infection
COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
DOE dyspena on exertion
coni/o dust
epistaxis bloody nose
phon/o sound
Cheyne-Stokes respiration abnormal breathing marked by apnea, deep rapid breathing
wheezing whistling sound heard during breathing out
sputum material coughed up from lungs and expectorated through mouth
stridor high-pitched sound from the larynx when breathing in
clubbing blunting of distal phalanges seen in advanced chronic pulmonary disease
deviated septum deflection of the nasal septum that may obstruct the nasal passages and result in infection
hyp/ox/ia deficient oxygen in the tissues
rhonchi rumbling sound heard when breathing in usually caused by thick secretions or contractions of airways
myc/o fungus
multi-drug resistant type of chronic bacterial lung infection resistant to drugs
croup acute viral infection of early childhood marked by stridor
TB tuberculosis, infection of the respiratory system caused by acid-fast bacillus
pleurisy inflammation of one or two of the membranes that surrounds the lungs
atel/ectasis collasped lung or lung segment
ausculation and percussion diagnostic technique that means listening and tapping
another term for endoscopy of space between the lungs mediastinoscopy
PFT plumonary function test
patients with hypoxia that need medical assistant can be placed on? ventillator
oxygen administered through the a tube in the nose called? nasal cannula
antitussive drug to treat severe cough caused by upper respiratory infection and to help sleeping
antihistamine used to treat allergies
inhaler bronchodilators are administered with this
CTA clear to auscultation
AP anteroposterior
inspiratory breathing in
effusion escape of a fluid into a part
neur/o nerve cell that looks like a star
somat/o body
-on structure
dendr/o dendrite, projections from the cell body looks like a tree
efferent carry away
afferent carry toward
BBB blood-brain barrier or bundle branch block
-glia glue
astr/o star
micro- small
encephal/o brain
cerebr/o cerebrum, the main portion of the brain, occupying the upper part of the cranial cavity
cerebell/o cerebellum, portion of the brain that is in the back of the head, between the cerebrum and the brain stem
myel/o bone marrow or spinal cord
cord/o, chord/o, myel/o spinal cord
mening/o, meningi/o meninges, The three membranes that cover the brain and spinal cord
rhiz/o, radicul/o nerve root, point where the nerve attaches to spine
dur/o duro mater, outermost, toughest of the three meninges (membranes) of the brain and spinal cord
dermatome instrument to cut layers of the skin or mesodermal layer in early deveolpment
synapse A specialized junction at which a neural cell (neuron) communicates with a target cell
axon A long fiber of a nerve cell (a neuron) that acts somewhat like a fiber-optic cable carrying outgoing (efferent) messages
dysarthria difficulty with speech
dysarthrosis any disorder of a joint
osm/o sense of smell
vertigo dizziness
athetosis slow, writhing movement of the extremities
aura premonition
fasciculation involuntary contraction of small muscles
hypokinesia decrease in normal movement
paresthesia prickling or burning feeling
geus/o taste
gnos/o knowledge
somn/o sleep
phag/o eat
phas/o speech
hematoma mass of blood that has leaked out of a vessel and pooled
-fida split
MS musculoskeletal system, mithral stenosis, multiple sclerosis
-plegia paralysis
para- abnormal
-paresis slight paralysis
di- two
en- in
encephal/o brain
giat assessment rating scale used to measure walking abnormalities
cerebrospinal fluid analysis examination of fluid from the central nervous system
CSF cerebrospinal fluid
aspiration of cerebrospinal fluid for diagnostic purposes is? lumbar puncture or spinal tap
Babinski sign finding that indicates loss of Achilles tendon reflex
multiple sleep latency test (MSLT) used to diagnose narcolepsy
cerebral angiography x-ray study of of cerebral arteries
single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) injection of radioactive sugar substance to scan for abnormalities
positron emission tomography use of radionuclides to visulaize brain function
TENS transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation
sympath/o to feel with
rhiz/o nerve root, spinal nerve root
rhizotomy excision of a dorsal nerve root
cord/o spinal cord
nerve block anesthesia to prevent sensory impulses from reaching the central nervous system
CSF stunt tube in brain to relieve pressure of cerebrospinal fluid
C1-C8 cervical nerves
PSG polysomnography, sleep study
ADL activities of daily living
CVA cerebrovascular accident, blood vessels in brain ruptures and bleeds into brain
dysarthria slurring of speech after brain attack
Alzheimer disease (AD) the most common cause of dementia, progressive neurodegenerative disease with impairment of cognitive functions
ALS amyotrophic lateral sclerosis aka Lou Gehrig disease
quadriplegia paralysis from the neck down
dyslexia inability or difficulty with reading or writing
narco/lepsy sudden seizures of sleep
Huntington disease inherited disorder resulting in dementia and progressive loss of neural control beginning in adulthood
migraine headache of vascular origin
epilepsy recurring seizures, sensory disturbances, abnormal behavior, loss of consciousness
echoencephalography sonogram of brain usually only done on newborns
brain scan nuclear medicine to localize and identify intracranial masses
computed tomography (CT) imaging technique to diagnose strokes, edema, tumors
DTR deep tendon reflex, assists in the diagnosis of stroke
stereotaxic radiosurgery uses radiowaves to localize structures with 3-D spaces
anticonvulsants treats epilepsy
anesthetics drugs that cause loss of feeling or sensation
hypnotics drugs that promote sleep
analgesics drugs that relieve pain such as aspirin
EEG electroencephalogram
L1-L5 lumbar nerves
shuffling gait short steps with minimal flexing and toes dragging
nonautoimmune acquired hemolytic anemia may be drug induced or caused by infectious disease
autoimmune acquired hemolytic anemia caused by body's destruction of its on red blood cells (RBC) by serum antibodies
thalassemia type of anemia inherited by African American, Mediterranean, Southeast Asian
sickle-cell anemia inherited malformation of the red blood cells
hemophilia group of disorders with inherited lack of a factor necessary for blood to clot
mononucleosis disease caused by the Epstein-Barr virus
lypmhedema accumulation of lymphatic fluid
dyscrasia blood disorders
allergy hypersensitivity to a normally nonpathogenic substance
anaphylaris extreme allergic response
mean corpuscular hemoglobin test to determine whether patient has anemia
coombs antiglobulin test hemolytic disease of the newborn (HDN), transfusion reaction
septic- infection
diff count the number of each type of white blood cells
prothrombin time clotting problems are measure with this
-crit to seperate
monospot test for mononucleosis
apheresis separation of blood into components
-coagulants blood clots
AZT, efavirenz antiretroviral drug used to combat AIDS
cytotoxic agents drugs used as antineoplastics or immunosuppressants with cell-damaging properties
CBC complete blood cell count
Rh factors Rhesus factors, a blood group antigen possessed by Rh-positive people
purpura massive hemorrhaging under the skin
pyrexia fever
cost/o muscles, around the ribs
-ptysis spitting
rales sound heard when breathing in
OSA obstructive sleep apnea
ARF acute respiratory failure, situation causing respiratory system to not work properly
CWP coal workers pneumo/coni/osis, abnormal condition of dust in the lungs
abscess pocket of infection, bacteria will eat tissue and leave behind mush
RSV respiratory synctyial virus, usually seen in infants and older people
SARS severe acute respiratory syndrome, bird flu example of this
papill/o papilla, finger like projections
NSCLC non-small cell lung cancer
hist/o tissue
SCLC small cell lung cancer
respiratory system breathing and gas exchange
peak flow meter how much movement of air exists
somnography sleep study
PPB positive-pressure breathing, machine is breathing for the patient
CPAP continuous positive airway pressure, keep things open and wings patient off of machine breathing for them
rebreathing mask bag attached to face mask
nervous system conducts message traffic
CNS central nervous system the brain and spinal cord
PNS peripheral nervous system the cranial and spinal nerves
somatic things body voluntary does you have to think about it
terminal fibers nerves at the end
diencephalon center of the brain
cortex outside of
medull/o medulla, middle of
sympathetic ramp up
parasympathetic relax bring back to normal
TIA transient ischemic attack
para/plegia two parts paralyzed
cytoma, blastoma malignant tumor
GARS gait assessment rating scale, walking
LP lumbar puncture, removing fluid from spine for analysis
TENS trancutaneous electrical nerve stimulation
HF heart failure
Created by: 1374776920