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Mblex Study Guide

Integumentary, Cardiovascular, Lymphatic & Immune System

QuestionAnswer
According to our text, this is the most neglected of our senses, even though it is the most important. A complete loss of this sense can cause psychotic Breakdown. What sense is it? Touch
What are the parts that make up the Integumentary System? Skin and it's appendages: hair, sebaceous glands, sweat glands, nails and breasts.
The outer layer of the skin that contains no nerves or blood vessels and consists of sublayers called strata. Contains keratin and melanin. Epidermis
The inner layer of the skin composed of dense connective tissue that contains collagen and elastin fibers. Dermis
The later of skin found below the dermis that consists of loose connective tissue and fat (adipose) tissue. AKA the "Superficial Fascia" Subcutaneous layer
Resistance to disease. Immunity
Safety measures established by the Centers for Disease control and Prevention. Standard Precautions
A clear, interstitial fluid that bathes the cells and contains lymphocytes which provide immune response; returns plasma proteins that have leaked out through capillary walls; and transports fats from the GI system to the bloodstream Lymph
AKA "neoplasm" which is a growth of new tissue that may be benign or malignant. Tumor
An acute or chronic skin inflammation characterized by redness, eruptions, edema, scaling and itching Dermatitis
What parts make up the Cardiovascular System? There are 3. Heart, Blood Vessels & Blood
The pump that sends the oxygen and nutrient rich blood out to the body via the arteries and arterioles. Heart
The smallest arteries Arterioles
A thick, red fluid that provides oxygen, nourishment, and protection to the cells and carries away waste products. Blood
The smallest veins Venules
Blood vessels that collect blood from the capillaries and transport it back to the heart. Veins
The sack that surrounds the heart and secretes lubricating fluid that prevents friction resulting from movement of the heart Pericardium
The actual heart muscle that makes up the thickest part of the heart and generates the contractions. Myocardium
The outer membrane of the heart Epicardium
The smooth, inner lining of the heart Endocardium
The two small, thin walled upper chambers of the heart; the right and left are separated by a thin interatrial septum. Atriums
The two large, lower chambers of the heart; they are thick-walled and are separated by a thick interventricular septum. Ventricles
A blood vessel that transports oxygenated blood from the heart to the body or deoxygenated blood from the heart to the lungs. Artery
One of the three great blood vessels of the heart. It's the artery that carries oxygen and nutrients away from the heart to the body. Aorta
One of the three great blood vessels, it's the artery that carries blood to the lungs to release carbon dioxide and take in oxygen. Pumonary Trunk
One of the three great blood vessels of the heart, it's the vein that returns poorly oxygenated blood to the right atrium from the upper venous circulation. Superior Vena Cava
A major blood vessel: A vein that returns oxygen poor blood from the lower venous circulation to the right atrium. Inferior Vena Cava
A major blood vessel: Four veins that take oxygen-rich blood to the left atrium. Pulmonary Vein
Arteries that supply oxygenated blood to the heart muscle. Coronary Arteries.
The amount of pressure exerted by the blood on the walls of the blood vessels. Blood Pressure
The maximal pressure that occurs when the ventricles contract. Systolic Pressure
Pressure that occurs when the muscles relax Diastolic Pressure
The stages of blood cell development in red marrow constitute a process called what??? Hematopoiesis
Red blood cells are also known as what? Erythrocytes or red blood corpuscles
An iron-protein compound contained in Red Blood Cells Hemoglobin
Serum proteins of the immunoglobulin class that are secreted by plasma cells. Antibodies
A straw colored liquid found in blood and lymph and is about 90% water and the rest is made up of nutrients,gases and waste Plasma
"Hardening of the arteries" or arteries that have become brittle and have lost their elasticity. Atherosclerosis
Passage of blood outside the cardiovascular system. Hemorrhage
Small rounded structures located along lymph vessels and are mostly found clustered at the joints. Lymph Nodes
In what two ways can specific immunity be acquired? 1. Natural immunity: The result of exposure. 2. Artificial immunity: In which a substance such as a vaccine is introduced into the body to stimulate the immune response.
The type of immunity response that involves particular responses to each foreign substance identified. Specific Immunity
An immune response which is programmed genetically in the human body. Nonspecific Response
Any substance that causes the body to produce antibodies Antigen
What are the five main groups of pathogens? Viruses, Bacteria, Fungi, Protozoa, Pathogenic Animals
The cells of specific immunity that can recognize and destroy specific molecules. Lymphocytes
Lymphocytes develop in the following three ways.... T Cells - begin in the bone marrow and grow in the thymus. B Cells - grow and develop in the bone marrow Natural killer cells - develop in bone marrow.
Created by: CEckhoff