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Endocrine System-Sum

QuestionAnswer
What are the two chemical classes of Hormones? Lipid-Soluble Hormones & Water Soluble Hormones
What are three types of lipid-soluble hormones? Steroid hormones, Thryroid hormones, and nitric oxide (which is both a hormone and a neurotransmitter.
What are three types of water-soluble hormones? Amine, peptide, and protein hormones
What is another name for Adenohypophysis? Anterior Pituitary
What are the adrenal glands located? Superior to the Kidneys
What is another name for adrenal glands? Suprarenal glands
Where does blood flow in relation to the hypophyseal portal system? Blood flows from the hypothalamic capillaries onto portal veins that carry blood to capillaries of the anterior pituitary.
What are neurosecretory cells? Clusters of specialized neurons in the hypothalamus. They synthesize the hypothalamic releasing and inhibiting hormones in their cell bodies and package the hormones inside vesicles, which reach the axon terminals by axonal transport.
What are hormones that influence another endocrine gland called ? Tropic hormones or Tropins
What is another name for HGH (Human Growth Hormone)? Somatotropin
What is the name of the hormone that is the most abundant anterior pituitary hormone? HGH
What is the main function of HGH? To promote synthesis and secretion of IGFs
Name cells in various parts of the body that respond to HGH? Cells in the liver, skeletal muscle, cartilage, bones are examples
How do IGFs cause cells to grow and multiply? By increasing uptake of amino acids into cells and accelerating protein synthesis. They also decrease the breakdown of proteins and the use of amino acids for ATP production.
Created by: Bettiesailor
 

 



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