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endocrine system SUI

QuestionAnswer
In adults, changes in the mixtures of hormones reaching the CNS can have significant effects on: all the above
Which of the following endocrine disorders would not be characterized as a disorder involving growth hormone? Marfan syndrome
The endocrine tissues of the reproductive system of the female produce: estrogens, inhibin, and progesterone
The reproductive system of the male produces the endocrine hormones: inhibin and testosterone
The endocrine functions of the kidney and the heart include the production and secretion of the hormones: erythropoietin and atrial natriuretic peptic
Corticosteroids are hormones produced and secreted by the: cortex of the adrenal glands
Secretions from which of the following areas of the cortex would cause Cushing disease? zona fasciculata
The amino acid derivative hormone epinephrine is responsible for: all the above
The protein hormone prolactin is involved with the: production of milk
The glycoprotein hormone FSH in the male is responsible for: sperm formation and testosterone secretion
Which of the following does not stimulate the release of renin from the kidneys? parasympathetic stimulation
Which of the following pancreatic structures secretes large quantities of an alkaline enzyme-rich fluid used to digest materials in the duodenum? alpha cells pancreatic acini
A pituitary endocrine cell that is stimulated by a releasing hormone is usually: inhibited by the peripheral hormone it controls
The hypothalamus has a profound effect on endocrine functions through the secretion of: releasing and inhibiting hormones
The binding of a peptide hormone to its receptor starts a biochemical chain of events that changes the pattern of: enzymatic activity within the cell
All the hormones secreted by the hypothalamus, pituitary gland, heart, kidneys, thymus, digestive tract, and pancreas are: peptide hormones
The most dramatic functional change that occurs in the endocrine system due to aging is: a decline in the concentration of reproductive hormones
The hormones that are of primary importance to normal growth include: GH, thyroid hormones, insulin, PTH, reproductive hormones
The specialized cells in the parathyroid glands that secrete parathormone are: chief cells
The hormone secreted in large amounts by the thyroid gland is thyroxine
In children, when sex hormones are produced prematurely, the obvious behavioral changes will cause the child to be: aggressive and assertive
In an attempt to restore normal body temperature after its decline, the homeostatic adjustment necessitates: shivering or changes in the pattern of blood flow
Insulin is important to normal growth because it promotes: providing adequate amounts of energy and nutrients to growing cells
The differing but complementary effects of calcitriol and parathyroid hormone on tissues involved in calcium metabolism illustrate the: integrative effect
The additive effects of growth hormone (GH) and glucocorticoids illustrate the: synergistic effect
Which hormone, released from adipose tissue, causes somatic cells to become less responsive to insulin? resistin
One of the major effects of ANP produced by the heart is that it: decreases thirst
A common diabetic-related medical problem is: partial or complete blindness
The hormones produced by the pancreatic islets that regulate blood glucose concentrations are: insulin and glucagon
The pancreas lies in the J-shaped loop between the stomach and the small intestine in the: abdominopelvic cavity
Which of the following statements about the pineal gland is incorrect? It secretes androgens, along with the gonads.
Abnormal glucocorticoid production by the adrenal glands results in: Addison disease and Cushing disease
The hormones released by the adrenal medulla are: epinephrine and norepinephrine
Endocrine secretions from which of the following adrenal regions would increase levels of sodium ions retained at the kidney? zona glomerulosa
The two pairs of parathyroid glands are embedded in the: posterior surfaces of the thyroid glands
Hypothyroidism, myxedema, and goiter may result from an inadequate amount of: dietary iodide
Which of the following is not an effect of thyroid hormones on peripheral tissues? maturation of lymphocytes
The thyroid gland curves across the anterior surface of the trachea just inferior to the: thyroid cartilage
An abnormally low production of gonadotropin produces a condition called: hypogonadism
The hormone synthesized from molecules of the neurotransmitter serotonin in the pineal gland is: melatonin
The small oval pituitary gland lies nestled within a depression of the sphenoid bone called the: sella turcica
Often, when brains are removed from the body and examined in dissection, the pituitary gland is missing. This is likely because it is encased in which of the following bony structures? sella turica
The hypothalamus is a major coordinating and control center because: it contains autonomic centers and acts as an endocrine organ
Which of the following hormones is secreted in the pituitary gland and controls melanin production during fetal development, in young children, in pregnant women, and in some disease states? melanocyte-stimulating hormone
A hormone that stimulates the release of calcium and interaction with calmodulin: will trigger the activation of cytoplasmic enzymes
Which of the following would not be classified as an amino acid derivative hormone? eicosanoids
The biogenic amino hormones include: E, NE, dopamine, melatonin, and thyroid hormones
The release of hormones by endocrine cells alters the: metabolic activities of many tissues and organs simultaneously
Which of the following would not be characterized as an endocrine-controlled process? the constriction of the iris muscles when a bright light is shined in the eye
Response patterns in the endocrine system are particularly effective in: coordinating cell tissue and organ activities on a sustained long-term basis
Created by: 1115053501