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AP Human Chpt 10

Agribusiness Commercial agriculture characterized by the integration of different steps in the food-processing industry, usually through ownership by large corporations.
Agriculture The deliberate effort to modify a portion of Earth's surface through the cultivation of crops and the raising of livestock for sustenance or economic gain.
Cereal Grain A grass yielding grain for food.
Chaff Husks of grain separated from the seed by threshing.
Combine A machine that reaps, threshes and cleans grain while moving over a field.
Commercial Agriculture Agriculture undertaken primarily to generate products for sale off the farm.
Crop Grain of fruit gathered form a field as a harvest during a particular season.
Crop Rotation The practice of rotating use of different fields from crop to crop each year, to avoid exhausting the soil.
Desertification Degradation of land, especially in semiarid areas, primarily because of human actions like excessive cop planting, animal grazing and tree cutting.
Double Cropping Harvesting twice a year from the same field.
Grain Seed of a cereal grass.
Green Revolution Rapid diffusion of new agricultural technology, especially new high-yield seeds and fertilizers.
Horticulture The growing of fruits, vegetables, and flowers.
Intensive Subsistence Agriculture A form of subsistence agriculture in which farmers must expend a relatively large amount of effort to produce the maximum feasible yield from a parcel of land.
Milkshed The area surrounding a city from which milk is supplied.
Pastoral Nomadism A form of subsistence agriculture based on herding domesticated animals.
Pasture Grass or other plants grown for feeding grazing animals, as well as land used for grazing.
Plantation A large farm in tropical and subtropical climates that specializes int he production of one or two crops for sale, usually to a more developed country.
Ranching A form of commercial agriculture in which livestock graze over an extensive area.
Ridge Tillage System of planting crops on ridge tops in order to reduce farm production costs and promote greater soil conservation.
Seed Agriculture Reproduction of plants through annual introduction of seeds, which result from sexual fertilization.
Shifting Cultivation A form of subsistence agriculture in which people shift activity from one field to another.
Slash and Burn Agriculture When fields are cleared by slashing the vegetation and burning the debris.
Spring Wheat Wheat planted in the spring and harvested in the late summer.
Subsistence Agriculture Agriculture designed primarily to provide food for direct consumption by the farmer and the farmer's family.
Sustainable Agriculture Farming methods that preserve long-term productivity of the land and minimize pollution.
Truck Farming Commercial gardening and fruit farming.
Vegetative Planting Reproduction of plants by direct cloning from existing plants.
Wet Rice Rice planted on dry land in a nursery and then moved to a deliberately flooded field to promote growth.
Winter Wheat Wheat planted in the fall and harvested in the early summer.
Created by: 1008106064
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