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Digestive and Immune System

The Alimentary Cannal is a muscular tube about _________ long? 8 Meters
What is the Sphincter that's located near the heart? Cardiac Sphincter
The Muscular Sac does? Churns and mixes food
What are the 3 Gastric Glands? Parietal Cell, Goblet Cells, and Cheief Cells
What is in the Intestinal Phase? Involuntary
What is the Gastric Phase? Stomach
Where is the Pyloric Sphincter located? End of Stomach
How is the Liver divided? Right and Left Lobe
Where is the Gall Bladder located? Underneath the Liver
Digestion starts in your mouth with? Amylase
Enzymes break down 3 things which are? Carbohydrates,Proteins, and Fats
Peptidase breaks down Peptides into? Amino Acids
Small Intestine consist of 3 parts? Duodenum, Ileum, and Jejunum
Enzymes in he membrane of the Microvilli include? Proteins
How big is your Appendix? About the size of your pinky finger
What are the 3 Muscular Layers? Submucosa, Circular Muscle, and Long Tudinal Muscle
Breaks down fats into fatty acids and Glycerol? Lipase
The Pyloric valve is located? End of Stomach
What stimulates the Pancreas to release bicarbomate ions into the Pancreas juice? Secretin
The Small Intestine is located? From the Pyloric Sphincter to the beginning of the large Intestine
The Stomach is J-Shaped and how long? 25-30 cementers long
What does the Sublingual Gland do? Secrete Primarily Gland
What does the Submandibluar Gland do? Secrete Primarily serous fluid and some mucus
The Stomach has two layers which are? An inner circular layer, and an outer longitudinal layer
We get a new Stomach lining every? 3 Days
What lines our stomach so acid doesn't eat it? Mucus
The liner helps break down? Fats
What is the process of ingesting, mechanically food, and prepare for chemical ingesting called? Mastication
What is the difference about the 2 sphincters that control the defecation reflex? One is Involuntary and other is Voluntary
Which specific vitamin is used in energy reproduction? Vitamin B
Is the minor nutrient of minerals Organic or Inorganic? Inorganic
What are 2 types of Carbohydrates? Sugar and Starch
What are 3 types of Lipids? Phospholipids, Triglyercides, and Steroids
What is the process that moves food towards the stomach in the Esophagus? Parastals
Two Compounds of digestion? Chemical and Physical
When does food truly enter the body? When we absorb nutrients
How much water enters the system each day? 9 Quarts
What muscle does the Esophagus pass through before reaching the Stomach? Diaphragm
Stops food from going back into the Esophagus? Cardiac Sphincter
What mechanism regulates the amount of food that enters the small Intestines? Pyloric Sphincter
2 protections on the wall of the small Intestine? Villia and Mircovillia
3 organs that aid in digestion? Liver, Gall Bladder, and Pancreas
4 sections of the colon? Sigmoid, Transverse, Descending, and Ascending
4 major parts of the large Intestine? Cecum, Colon, Rectum, and Anal Canal
Pancreas is located? Behind Stomach and above the Intestines
Food in the mouth called once it's been chewed? Bolus
Name of Substance that enters the small Intestine from Stomach? Chyme
Does the Appendix have a role? No
How long is the large Intestine? 5 Meters long
How wide is the large Intestine? 2.5 Inches wide
What happens if you have a low Immune system? You have a harder time fighting viruses
what is inflammation? Damage by an injury that occurs near the injury
What does First line defense do? Fights against harmful substances that enter the body
Can a Virus infection be treated by antibiotics? No only bacterial infections can
What are 2 types of "T Cells" Killer T Cell and a Helper T Cell
What do B Cells do? Remain in blood ready to defend against an invasion
What are Lymphocytes? Type of White blood cell
What is Immunity? Body's defense against infectious diseases
Where do you get your Antibodies? Vaccinations
What is the difference between active and passive Immunity? Active produces antibodies and passive doesn't produce any
Created by: Maggie19



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