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Digestive System!!!!

Quiz yourself on the Digestive System-Danielle Maillet

The Alimentary Canal is a muscular tube about ____ long. 8m to 10m.
Serous cells produce a watery fluid with a digestive enzyme is called? Salivary.
Two layers of smooth muscle in the stomach. Inner circular layer and outer longitudinal layer.
Phospholipids, Triglycerides and Steroids are what? 3 types of lipids.
What is the food in your mouth called once it has been chewed up? Bolus.
Two components of digestion. Physical and Chemical.
What is the process that moves the food toward the stomach in the esophagus? Peristalsis.
When does food truly enter the body? When it is absorbs the nutrients.
Two projections on the wall of the small intestine. Villi and microvilli.
Ascending, Transverse, Descending and sigmoid are four sections of the? Colon.
The 3 organs that aid indigestion. 1-Liver 2-Pancreas 3-Gall Bladder.
Duodenum, Jejunum and Ileum are 3 parts of? The small intestine.
What stops the food from going back into the esophagus? Cardiac Sphincter.
What muscle does the esophagus pass through before reaching the stomach? Diaphragm.
Why does the stomach lining produce mucous? To protect it from acid.
Vitamin B6 is used in _____? Energy production.
Two major types of minor nutrients. Minerals and Vitamin.
Two types of carbohydrates. Sugars and starches.
How long is the large intestine? 5ft long.
Rectum, Anal Canal, Colon and Cecum are 4 major parts of what? Large Intestine.
Saliva is produced by the ___? Salivary Gland.
Duodenum is less than __ long. A meter.
How long is the Ileum? 3 meters.
Jejunum is about how long? 2 meters long.
Enzymes break down what 3 things? Carbohydrates, Fats and Protein.
Submucosa, Circular muscle and Longitudinal muscle make up the ____? Muscular Layer.
Creates bile. Liver.
Where is the gall bladder located? Under the liver.
Water and electrolytes are absorbed where? Large Intestines.
The large intestine form's? Feces.
Uses enzymes to absorb the needed chemicals from our food. The function of the small intestine.
Why do the digestive organs make chyme? Chyme moves through the body more easily than food.
How does the stomach digest food? Stomach muscles churn the food.
What lines our stomach? Mucous.
12 hours to 2 days. Digest our food.
How does your stomach tell you you’re hungry? Your stomach muscle’s contract.
How big is the appendix? About the size of a pinky finger.
What is the function of the epiglottis? When you swallow food it covers the trachea so the food doesn’t slide down it causing you to choke.
Where does waste leaves the body? The anal cavity.
Villi are located where? On top of the submucosa.
The small intestine is how long? 7 meters.
What is the function of the teeth? Grinds up food into a bolus.
How long does it take for acid to break down our food? Hours.
What is amino acid? Protein.
What makes the stomach move and churn food? The 3 layers of muscles.
Where is the appendix attached to? The large intestine.
What is the first step in the successful swallowing? Soft palate rises up and closes the nasal cavity.
Why does the tongue rise up? To force food back.
How is the small intestine different from the colon? The small intestine doesn’t have any villi, where the colon does.
What does normal flora produce? And what is an example of normal flora? It produces nutrients. Example: Vitamin K.
Created by: daniellemaillet