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Digestive and Immune

Digestive system flash cards and immune system flash cards By: Madison Hooyer

What are the two major Carbohydrates? Sugar and Starches
I transport food to the stomach, what am I? The Esophagus
Every three days we grow a new one of these in our stomach, what is it? The Stomach Lining
What is the involuntary movement that propels Chyme? Peristalsis
What is the name for the acid in our stomach? Hydrochloric Acid (HCl)
What breaks down proteins, carbohydrates, and fats? Enzymes
What is the organ that has little or no digestive function and forms feces? The Large Intestine
This organ in the digestive system is 5-6 m long, what is it? The Small Intestine
What is another word for Amino Acids? Proteins
What is the food in your mouth called after you have chewed it? A Bolus
Chewing (physical) and spit (chemical) are what? The 2 components of digestion
What is the muscle that the esophagus passes through on its way to the stomach? The Diaphragm
What stops food from re-entering the Esophagus? Cardiac Sphincter
The stomach moves and churns food because of this.. Smooth Muscles
What protects the stomach lining from Hydrochloric Acid? Mucous
What is the substance that enters your Small Intestine? Chyme
What is the amount of water that enters the system everyday? 9 quarts
60% of American's are what? Overweight
What is the length of the Large Intestine? 5 feet long
Phosopholipids, triglyceride, and steroids are the three types of.. Lipids
Villi increase what in your digestive system? Surface Area
I am consisted of duodenum, jejunum, and ileum what organ in the digestive system am I? The Small Intestine
I am located in the mouth, and I produce saliva , what am I? The Salivary Gland
On average One kg is taken in of this substance a day, what is the substance? Food
What is the name of the accessory organ that is located under the liver, and stores concentrates, and releases bile into the duodenum? The Gall Bladder
When you do not produce enough lactose, or lactose cannot be digested by the small intestine what do you have? Lactose Intolerance
These three organs; liver, gall bladder, and pancreas aid in what? Digestion
When stomach muscles churn food what is the digestive doing? Digesting Food
The Mouth digests this.. Food
What is the substance that takes hours to break down food in our stomach? Hydrochloric Acid or Acid
On average how long does it take to digest food? 12 hours - 2 days
After 2-6 hours what comes out of the stomach? Enzyme
What is the vessel that carries waste product and white blood cells? The Lymph Vessel
This organ has mixing movements, peristalsis, and mass movements usually follow meals, what organ is this? Large Intestine
The break down of starch in the mouth is controlled by.. Saliva Amylase
What does Bile break down? Fat
Too much cholesterol produces what in your body? Plaque
Vitamin B6 is a specific vitamin used in production of what? Energy
Food is considered to truly enter your body at what point? When you absorb the nutrients
How many steps are there involved for successful swallowing? Four
What is the name of the organ that has no role, and has large masses of lymphoid tissue? The Appendix
The colon, cecum, rectum, and anal canal are the four major parts of what organ? The Large Intestine
These factors; sitting down a lot, eating junk food, and saturated fats have caused an increase in what? Being Overweight or obese
Name the two major types of minor nutrients Vitamins and Minerals
Cholesterol is important in what type of lipid? Steroids
What does the body have to replenish on a daily basis because the body does not store them? Amino Acids
One litre of what is produced everyday in the mouth? Saliva
How long is the muscular tube named the Alimentary Canal? 8-10 meters
The inner circular layer and outer longitudinal layer are the two layers of smooth muscle in what organ? The Stomach
What is another name for a disease causing organism? A Pathogen
A complex group of defences is also called what? Immunity
What is the name for a molecule that is foreign to your body? An Antigen
What is the name of a protein that is made in a response to an Antigen? An Antibody
What is the name of the process when a living species gets a vaccine by mouth or injection? A Vaccination
Skin, Cilia, Mucus, the Digestive System, Circulatory system are all considered what? First Line defences
What is the name of the disease that is caused by Soil Bacterium? Tetanus
What is the name of the type of Immunity that does not last as long as Active Immunity? Passive Immunity
What is the type of Immunity that produces its own antibodies in response to an antigen? Active Immunity
What is it called when tissue becomes damaged by a pathogen (through injury or infection) and becomes inflamed? Inflammation
Created by: Hooyer



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