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abbreviations for respiratory system

ABGs arterial blood gases
AFB acid-fast bacillus--the type of organism that causes tuberculosis
BAL bronchioalveolar lavage
Bronch bronchoscopy
CF cystic fibrosis
CO2 carbon dioxide
COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease--airway obstruction associated with emphysema and chronic bronchitis
C&S culture and sensitivity testing (of sputum)
DLco diffusion capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide
DOE dyspnea on exertion
FVC forced vital capacity--amount of gas that can be forcibly and rapidly exhaled after a full inspiration
HCO3- bicarbonate--measured in blood to determine acidity or alkalinity
MDI metered-dose inhaler---used to deliver aerosolized medication to patients
NSCLC non-small cell lung cancer
O2 oxygen
Paco2 carbon dioxide partial pressure---measure of the amount of carbon dioxide in arterial blood
Pao2 oxygen partial pressure--a measure of the amount of oxygen in arterial blood
PE pulmonary embolism
PFTs pulmonary function tests
PND paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea
RDS respiratory distress syndrom---in the newborn infant, condition marked by dyspnea and cyanosis and related to absence of surfactant, a substance that permits normal expansion of lungs; also called hyaline membrane disease
RSV respiratory syncytial virus---common cause of bronchiolitis, broncho-pneumonia, and the common cold, especially in children
RV residual volume--amount of air remaining in lungs at the end of maximal expiration
SCLC small cell lung cancer
SOB shortness of breath
URI upper respiratory infection
VATS video-assisted thoracic surgery (thoracoscopy)
VC vital capacity--equals inspiratory reserve volume plus expiratory reserve volume plus tidal volume
V/Q scan ventilation-perfusion scan--radioactive test of lung ventilation and blood perfusion throughout the lung capillaries (lung scan)
Created by: atif786



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