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Anatomy Final 2012

Anatomy (Bio 110) MCC-Longview

Erythrocyte RBC, transfers oxygen from lungs to tissue and CO2 from tissue to lungs. Biconcaved shaped.
Thrombocyte Platelets, Hemostasis: clump togethere and stick to vessel wall.
Lymphocytes WBC,providing defense against specific pathogens or toxins
Plasma 55%, plasma proteins, other solutes and water
Formed Elements 45%, platelets, WBC's and RBC's.
Artery Wavey, thicker media, transports blood away from heart, smooth muscle. Arteriole is a small artery.
Vein Has valves, smooth inside, thinner media, smooth muscle, carries blood back to the heart. Venule is a small vein.
Capillary Small, thin walled. Inner connect smallest arteries and veins.
Continous Most regions of the body. Endothelium is complete. Connected by junctions and desmosomes.
Fenestrated Windows because incomplete lining. Filtration sites of kidney.
Sinusoids Lager pores, thinner basal lamina. Flattened and irregular. Liver, spleen and pancrease.
Diapedesis Movement of WBC's through walls of blood vessels by migration between adjecent endothelial cells.
SA Node Sets hearth rythem causing atriums to contract.
AV Node Between atriums and ventricules, pathway that allows for relaxation.
Purkinje Fibers At apex of heart, where contraction begins, pushing blood out of the heart.
Cardioinhibitory Center Governs activities of parasympathetic neurons.
Cardioaccelerator Center Stimulation activates the necessary sympathetic neurons.
Nasopharynx Pseudostratified cilliated columner. Filters air. Where internal nares to soft palate.
Oropharynx Passage way for food and air. Stratified columnar. From soft palate to epiglottis.
Laryngopharnyx Passage way for food and air. Stratified cubodial.
Respiration Internal At the cell, exchange gasses, diffussion.
Respiration External Lungs, CO2 goes into alveoli in dirrect connection to capillaries. Diffussion.
Ventilation Exhalation Taking air out, increasing cavity size. Pressure is decreased. Intercostal muscles. Boyles Law
Ventilation Inhalation Diaphragam. Bring air in, ribs pull together, cavitiy size decreases, pressure is increased. External intercostals. Boyles Law.
Drains into the Duodenum Common bite duct, Pancrease, Stomach
Cartilage in Respiratory ALL hyaline except the Epiglottis, which is ELASTIC cartilage
Filtration Occuring Glomerulus, renal corpuscle. Efferent:away. Afferent:towards.
Reabsorption Occuring Proximal convulted tubules and loop.
Secretion Occuring Distal Convulted tubules
Lesser Omentum Lesser Curve, Attaches to liver
Greater Omentum Posterior abdominal wall attachment. Greater curve. Holds everything in place, adipose tissue.
Intraperitoneal NOT ascending and decending colon, rectum, pancrease, and doudomen. SMALL INTESTINE
Retroperitoneal Loose organs: Doudomen, ascending and decending colon, rectum and pancrease.
Mesentery Double layer of serosa. Holds intraperitoneal organs.
Mesentery Proper Holds small intertins in place.
Lumbar Drains legs, pertaining to lower back.
Jugular Drains head
Subclavian Drains Arms
Bronchomediastial Drains Body
Intestinal Drains Abdomin
Alcmaeon Eustachian tubes
Empedocies Four elements: Fire, air, water and earth.
Herophilus First to disect humans/animals
Galen Monkey disection and P. nervous system
Leonardo da Vinci Drawings of cadaver
Vesalins Father of Anatomy
Henry Gray Wrote book of Gerys Anatomy.
Mitosis Cell Reproduction
Meiosis Reduction Division
Simple Squamous Lungs, kidneys,
Simple Columnar Duodenum
Simple Cuboidal Kidney
Transitional Bladder
Process Projection or bump
Trochanter Large rough projection
1st Class Lever E F R
2nd Class Lever F R E
3rd Class Lever F E R
Synarthrosis No movement between articulating elements
Diarthrosis Free movement, synovial joint
Amphiarthrosis Little movement, small degree of independent movement.
Synovial Joint Permit wide range of motion.
Fascicle Bundle of muscle fibers
Action Thin element
Myosin Thick element
H Band Myosin Only
Titann Spring like
I Band Only Actin
A Band Actin and Myosin.
Skeletal Muscle Striations
Cardiac Muscle Striations and intercalated discs
Smooth Muscle No striations.
Pineal Gland Melatonin-Sleeping
Hypothalamus ADH-blood volume and stimulates urine
Created by: msevart10