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A & PHYSIOLOGY

KEYWORDS 3

QuestionAnswer
appendicular skeleton: bones of the limbs and limb girdles that are attached to the axial skeleton
ossification: the formation of bone
calcification: the deposition of calcium salts within a tissue
tendon: cord of dense fibrous tissue attaching a muscle to a bone
articulation: joint; point where two bones meet
axial skeleton: the bones of the skull, vertebral column, thorax, and sternum
bursa: a small sac filled with fluid and located at friction points, especially joints
compact bone: dense bone that contains parallel osteons
congenital: existing at birth
diaphysis: the shaft of a bone
epiphysis: the end of a long bone
gross anatomy: the study of the structural features of the body without the aid of a microscope
interstitial growth: a form of cartilage growth through the growth, mitosis, and secretion of chondrocytes in the matrix
osteocyte: a bone cell responsible for the maintenance and turnover of the mineral content of the surrounding bone
osteon: a system of interconnecting canals in the microscopic structure of adult compact bone; unit of bone
pelvic girdle: incomplete bony basin formed by the two coxal bones that secures the lower limbs to the sacrum of the axial skeleton
suture: immovable fibrous joint that connects the bones of the adult skull
synovial fluid: a fluid secreted by the synovial membrane; lubricates joint surfaces and nourishes articular cartilages
thorax: that portion of the body trunk above the diaphragm and below the neck
ligament: a cord of fibrous tissue that connects bones
Created by: ELENITA28