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CHAP 4: OrganSystems

UHS

QuestionAnswer
Organ a structure made of teo or more kinds of tissues organized in such a way that they can together perform a more complex function than can any tissue alone.
Integumentary System (Organs) Skin, hair, nails,sense receptors,sweat glands, and oil glands
Integumentary System (Functions) protection, regulates body temperature, synthesizes chemicals, and acts as a sense organ
Skeletal System (Organs) bones and joints
Skeletal System (Functions) support, movement of jionts and muscles,storage of minerals, blood cell formation
Muscular System (Organs) Voluntary (striated)muscles, involuntary (smooth), and cardiac muscles
Muscular System (Functions) movement, maintenance of of body posture, production of heat, contraction of the heart, blood pressure maintenance, and intestinal movement to eliminate feces
Nervous System (Organs) Brains, spinal cord, nerves, and sense organs
Nervous Sysstem (Functions) Communication,itegration,control and recognition of sensory stimuli;control is FAST-acting and of SHORT duration
Endocrine System (Organs) Pituitary gland, pineal gland, hypothalamus, thyroid, parathyroid, thymus gland, adrenal gland, pancreas, ovaries(females), testes(males)
Endocrine System (Functions) Responsible for secretion of special substance called hormones directly into blood. also responsible forcommunication, integration, and control within body. SLOW
Hormone Regulation Growth, metabolism, reproduction and fliud & electrolyte balance
Cardiovascular (Circulatory) System (Organs) Heart, blood vessels: arties, viens, capillaries
Cardiovascular System (Functions) transportation, regulation of body temperature, immunity (body defense)
Lymphatic System (Organs) Lymphatic nodes, lymphatic vessels, tonsils, thymus, and spleen
Lymphatic System (Functions) Transportation and immunity within the body
Respiratory System (Organs) Nose, pharynx, larynx, trachea,bronchi, and lungs
Respiratory System (Functions) exchanges of wate gas (carbon dioxide) for oxygen, (occurs in alveoli of the lungs); warms and humidifies incoming air and filters out irritants from inspired air; regulates the acid-base balance within the body
Digestive System (Organs) PRIMARY-mouth,pharynx,esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, rectum, and anal canal SECONDARY-teeth, salivary glands, tongue, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, and appendix
Digestive System (Functions) responsible for mechanical and chemical breakdown(digestion); absorption of nutrients; Undigested waste product(feces) is eliminated
Appendix structural but NOT functional part of digestive system
Appendicitis inflammation of appendix
Urinary System (Organs) kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, and urethra
Urinary System (Functions) responsible for cleaning or clearingthe blood of waste products (excreted from body as urine); responsible for
Reproductive System (Organs) MALE:gonads(testes), gentials ducts(vas deferns),urethra, prostate (accessory gland);supporting structures-genitalia, scrotum&penis FEMALE:gonads(ovaries); accesory-uterus, uterine tubes(fallopian tubes), and vagina;supporting structure-genitalia(vulva)an
Reproductive Systems (Functions) survival of genes and production of sex cells (male:sperm,female:ova), responsible for the transfer and fertilization of sex cells,development&birth&nourishment of offspring,production of sex hormones
Created by: TrAvIeSa262