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Study Section1

Chapter 2 Study Section 1

anabolism process of building up complex materials (proteins) from simple materials. Anabolism produces proteins such as hormones and enzymes that are important to growth of cells. Occurs in the endoplasmic reticulum
catabolism process of breaing down complex materials (foods) to form simpler substances and release energy
cell membrane structrue surrounding and protecting the cell. it determines what enters and leaves the cell
chromosomes rod shaped structures in the nucleus taht contain DNA called genes. 46 chromosomes (23 pairs) in very cell except for sex cells with contain only 23 individual unpaired chromosomes
cytoplasm all the meaterial that is outside the nucleus and yet contained within the cell membrane
DNA Chemical found within each chromosome. arranged like a sequence of recipes in code, it directs the actives of the cell
endoplasmic reticulum (ER) structure within the cystoplasm. where large proteins are made from smaller protein pieces. Anabolism takes place on the ribosomes of the ER
genes regions of DNA within each chromosome
karyotype picture of chromosomes in the nucleus of a cell
metabolism the total of the chemical processes in a cell. it includes catabolism and anabolism
mitochondria structures in the cytoplasm in which foods are burned to release energy. catabolism takes place in mitochondria
nucleus control center of the cell
Created by: esparks