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A&P LINK 4.1

QuestionAnswer
EXPIRATION RELEASING AIR OUT OF THE BODY
EXPIRATORY RESERVE VOLUME AMOUNT OF AIR EXPELLED IN ONE MAXMUM BREATH PAST NORMAL EXHALATION
EXTERNAL RESPIRATION SECOND PHASE WHICH ONLY TAKES PLACE IN THE LUNGS IT OCCURS WHEN EXPIRATION RELEASES THE CARBON DIOXIDE FROM THE BODY AND BRING INSPIRATION BRINGS OXYGEN IN
INSPIRATION BRINGING OXYGEN INTO THE BODY
INSPIRATORY RESERVE VOLUME ANOUNT OF AIR TAKEN IN PAST THE NORMAL INHALATION
INTERNAL RESPIRATION FOURTH PHASE OCCURS WITHIN THE CELLS OF THE BODY WHEN OXYGEN AND CARBON DIOXIDE ARE EXCHANGED WITHIN THE CAPILLARIES
PULMONARY VENTILATION AIR MUST MOVE INTO AND OUT OF THE LUNGS SO THE ALVEOLI ARE CONSTANTLY EXPOSED TO AIR FOR GAS EXCHANGE TO OCCUR
RESIDUAL VOLUME AMOUNT OF AIR LEFT IN THE LUNGS AFTER MAXIMUM EXPIRATION
RESPIRATORY CYCLE ONE INSPIRATION AND ONE EXPIRATION IS EQUAL TO ONE BREATH
SURFACTANT THE ALVEOLI ARE COATED IN A SUBSTANCE
TOTAL CAPACITY TOTAL AMOUNT OF RESIDUAL VOLUME AND VITAL CAPACITY
TIDAL VOLUME AMOUNT OF AIR TAKEN IN A NORMAL SINGLE BREATH
VITAL CAPACITY AMOUNT OF AIR EXCHANGED DURING NORMAL BREATHING
NOSE IS THE ONLY EXTERNAL STRUCTURE OF RESPIRATORY SYSTEM
NARES AIR ENTERS THE NOSE THROUGH THE NARES OR NOSTRILS
PHARYNX IS A MUSCULAR TUBE ABOUT 5 INCHES LONG AND IS A PASSAGEWAY FOR FOOD AND AIR
NASOPHARYNX BEHIND THE NASAL CAVITY
OROPHARYNX BEHIND THE ORAL CAVITY
LARYNGOPHARYNX LOCATED IN THE NECK
UVULA IT BLOCKS THE ENTRANCE TO THE NASOPHARYNX
TONSILS STRUCTURES ARE CLUSTERS OF LYMPHATIC TISSUE THAT HELP PREVENT MICROORGANISMS FROM ENTERING THE PHARYNX
LARYNX AIR TRAVELS FROM THE PHARYNX INTO THE VOICE BOX
VOCAL CORDS TWO FOLDS OF TISSUE THEY VIBRATE AND SOUNDS PRODUCED
EPIGLOTTIS A FLAP OF CARTILAGE
TRACHEA THE WINDPIPE IS RIGID TUBE ABOUT FOUR INCHES IN LENGTH
BRONCHUS EACH BRANCH ENTERS INTO A LUNG
LUNGS SIT IN THE CENTRAL THORACIC CAVITY IN A SPACE CALLED MEDIASTINUM
CARDIC NOTCH THE HEART SITS INSIDE A CURVED SECTION OF THE LEFT LUNG
BRONCHIOLES WITHIN THE LUNGS EACH BRONCHUS DIVIDES INTO SMALLER BRANCHES
ALVEOLI AT THE ENDS OF BRONCHIOLES ARE CLUSTERS OF ROUND SACLIKE STRUCTURES
SURFACTANT SUBSTANCE THAT SURROUNDS THE ALVEOLI OF THE LUNGS AND STOPS THEM FROM STICKING TOGETHER AFTER EXHALATION
RESPIRATORY GAS TRANSPORT AFTER GAS EXCHANGE HAS OCCURED IN THE ALVEOLI OXYGEN CARBON DIOXIDE ARE TRANSPORTED FROM BACK TO THE LUNGS BY THE BLOODSTREAM
HYPOXIA A LACK OF OXYGEN TO THE TISSUES FOR ANY REASON
HYPERVENTILATION INCREASED RATE AND DEPTH OF BREATHING THAT CAUSES A DECREASE OF CARBON DIOXIDE IN THE BLOOD
APENA LACK OF BREATHING
DYSPNEA PAINFUL OR DIFFICULT BREATHING
EUPNEA NORMAL BREATHING
HYPERNEA INCREASED DEPTH AND RATE OF BREATHING USUALLY A RESULT OF EXERCISE
HYPOPNEA SLOW SHALLOW BREATHING USUALLY CAUSED BY AN OBSTRUCTED AIRWAY
HYPOVENTILATION SLOW AND SHALLOW BREATHING THAT DECREASES GAS EXCHANGE BY THE ALVEOLI RESULTING IN AN INCREASE OF CARBON DIOXIDE IN THE BLOOD
CYANOSIS BLUENESS OF THE SKIN
ASTHMA CHRONIC ATTACKS OF DYSPNEA CASUED BY SPASMS OF THE BRONCHI
BRONCHITIS INFLAMMATION OF THE BRONCHI CAN BE CAUSED BY BACTERIA OR VIRAL INFECTION
COPD GENERAL TERM FOR OBSTRUCTION OF THE LUNG TISSUE RESULTING IN LOSS OF AIRFLOW
CYSTIC FIBROSIS GENETIC DISORDER INHERITED FROM BOTH PARENTS
EMPHYSEMA IRREVERISBLE EXPANSION OF THE ALVEOLI MOST OFTERN CAUSED BY CIGARETTE SMOKE
PNEUMONIA ALEVOLI BECOME FILLED WITH FLUID BECAUSE OF INFECTION CAN BE CAUSED BY BACTERIA VIRUSES TRAUMA MOLD SYMPTOMS INCLUDE FEVER CHILIS PRODUCTIVE COUGH CHEST PAIN WHEN COUGHING AND SHORTNESS OF BREATH
Created by: barefeetokie2003
 

 



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