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Chapter 6 - Terms

Pop/Elite Culture - War of Austrian Succession

elite culture people of social and/or monetary wealth (or power); spoke official languages; communicated by print; liked Greece and Rome; higher living standards; more knowledge, so thought they should make decisions for you
popular culture general public who couldn't afford/didnt have power for elite stuff; spoke vernacular; oral communication; Middle Ages; lower living standards; the masses
what did elite and pop culture have in common religion and the church! worked for a while, but elite eventually build their own; health wont ask or care
increase of wealth in Western Europe in 18th century: 2 methods system responsible: capitalism, led to significant money how: domestic system, putting out the work
GB had no _______ tariffs internal; have erased Medival system, modern merchantalist system
necessary for Euro merchants of the 18th century to succeed in transocean trade (what?) country participation; finance from government; military to defend you
how can a country compete with foreign competition? (GB and India) 1: slap a tarriff (at least gov gets revinue) 2: ban it (stuff gets through anyway) 3: take over the country themselves
Hispanola (Santo Domingo richest of the French sugar colonies in the Americas
British capitalism of 18th century based on what labor force? slavery; max profits by min cost of production and find people to buy it; reduce production costs to practically nothing based on african slavery; basically all profit; captialism relies on a cheap labor source
the 18th century period for France was a period of absolutism checked and balanced by organized _____ groups. it was an age in which ____ won back many powers of which Louis XIV had tried to deprive of them. priviledged, nobles; Louis XIV dies in 1715, now he's dead nobles have chance to gain their power back; wealthy commoner would also love for absolute monarchy to be gone
Jacobites supported the return of the pretender, aka James II to the English throne
economic bubble wild, irrational investment in a particular aspect of the economy; when irrationality goes away, after awhile, rational thought comes in; burst - the rush to get out is the burst of the bubble; growing - wild investing
how did France and GB handle their bubbles? GB: can finance debt (tax people) FR: just don't pay it back, cant tax the nobility, discourages countries to lend to Fr
why is it important to 'free your people' like GB did in the 18th century what does innovation come from? free people who ave insentive to do things and society benefits ("invest or i'll whip!" nope); insentive to do so - if they achieve great things, benefits come with it
Robert Walpole 1st Prime Minister
War of Austrian Succession 1740: Fredrick the Great (II) invades Silecia, challenging the Pragmatic Sanction and Austrian dominence of the German states
results of Austrian Succession (Peace of Utrect) Prussia gets Silecia (woohoo); Austria keeps Belgium (we dont care); demonstrated weakness of French position between European and overseas ambitions; HRE stays intact; Diplomatic Revolution
Diplomatic Revolution of 1756 leads to a contrinuation of conflict between Austria and Prussia.... Austria+FR+Russia and Prussia+GB; why? France now sees Prussia as the biggest threat to German unification
Seven Years War continuation of War of Austrian Succession, but with different partners; starts in America; Prussia wins in continent, GB wins overseas
Peace of Hubertusburg 7 years war; Prussia mantains Silecia; German 'Dualism' established
Treaty of Paris 7 years war; France ceded all territory in N America east of Miss to GB, west of Miss to Spain (we'll get it back later)
Created by: cookie.