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BIOL 1300 Final Exam

BIOL 1300 Final Exam Review

QuestionAnswer
What is the study of how the body functions? physiology
The dorsal body cavity contains the brain and spinal cavity
The simplest form of carbogydrate is monosaccharides
All enzymes are proteins
Describe the small body in the nucleus that assembles ribosomes. nucleolus
Name the phase of mitosis when the chromosomes pull apart. anaphase
The support cells of the nervous system are neuroglia
Name the tissue enclosing the heart. pericardium
The incidence of a disease refers to its range of occurrence
Syphilis and Lyme disease are caused by spirochetes
The hypodermis is also called the subcutaneous tissue
Light touch is sensed by the Meissner corpuscles
Describe a haversian canal channel in dense bone
Where is spongy bone found? in bone epiphyses
The ion that binds the troponin/tropomyosin complex is calcium
A muscle that moves the head is sternocleidomastoid
Fibers that conduct impulses away from the cell body are called axons
Before the start of the action potential, the neuron membrane is at rest
The "little brain" located beneath the posterior part of the cerebral hemispheres is the cerebellum
A deep groove in the brain is called a fissure
The blind spot is also called the optic disk
Rhodopsin is the pigament found in the rods
Cortisol is produced by the adrenal cortex
The best treatment for anaphylaxis is epinephrine
The most abundant protein in plasma is albumin
Blood is considered to be liquid connective tissue
The outermost layer of the heart wall is called the epicardium
Threads that attach the valve flaps to the ventricle walls are called chordae tendinae
A vessel that supplies blood to the intestine? mesenteric
The brachiocephalic vein is formed by the union of the subclavian and jugular veins
The veins that receive lymph from two terminal lymphatic vessels are the subclavian veins
Kupffer cells are phagocytes located in the liver
A substance that causes blood vessels to dilate is histamine
T cells are activated by binding proteins on the macrophages called MHC receptors and antigen fragments
The most superior portion of the pharynx is the nasopharynx
The amount of air that can be expelled from the lungs by maximum exhalation following maximum inhalation is the vital capacity
The hardest substance found in a tooth is enamel
The lesser omentum is between the stomach and lvier
An essential amino acid is must be ingested in the diet
A mineral found in hemoglobin is iron
The most important osmoreceptors are located in the hypothalamus
Respiratory acidosis could result from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
The juxtaglomerular apparatus consists of cells in the distal convoluted tubule and afferent arteriole
Micturition is an action of the urinary system
The coiled tube on the testis that stores spermatozoa is the epididymis
The head of the spermatozoon contains large amounts of DNA
The normal chromosome number of the zygote is 46
The enlargement of the uterus during pregnancy is directly stimulated by estrogen
An individual that heterozygous for a completely dominant trait will show dominant phenotype
A chemical that causes a chromosome to break is called a(n) mutagen
The system that transports blood to and from the cells is the circulatory system
The breakdown of complex glycogen molecules into simple glucose molecules is most accurately described as a(n) catabolic reaction
The positively charged particles in the atom nucleus are called protons
A substance that dissolves in another substance is a(n) solute
The plasma membrane is best described as selectively permeable
An organelle that produces energy for the cell is called a(n) mitochondrion
The removal of living tissue for microscopic examination is called biopsy
Inflammation of the serous membrane within the abdominal cavity results in a condition called peritonitis
A disease that is neither severe nor very long lasting is described as subacute
A mycotic disease is caused by fungi
A decubitus is a(n) bedsore
The hard keratin that makes up fingernails is synthesized by cells in the stratum corneum
A short channel through a bone is called a meatus
Bone growth in children occurs in the epiphyseal plates
A single neuron and all the muscle fibers it stimulates comprise a(n) motor unit
The hamstring muscles act to flex the leg
A collection of neuron cell bodies outside the central nervous system is called a ganglion
The parasympathetic ganglia are called terminal ganglia
Cerebrospinal fluid flows from the lateral ventricles to the third ventricle via the foramina
Multi-infarct dementia results from a series of small cerebrovascular accidents
Which area of the tongue is particularly sensitive to sweet tastes? the tip
Night blindness is due to a deficiency in vitamin A
An example of a mineralcorticoid is aldosterone
The large gland located on either side of the larynx is the thyroid gland
Platelets are derived from large bone marrow cells called megakaryocytes
A band cell is an immature neutrophil
The valve preventing blood from re-entering the left ventricle is the aortic valve
The normal pacemaker of the heart is the sinoatrial node
A clot that breaks loose and floats in the blood is called a(n) embolus
Blood pressure readings are reported as systolic pressure/diastolic pressure
Macrophages are phagocytes that develop from monocytes
Inflammation of the lymph nodes is called lymphadentitis
Name the classic symptom(s) of inflammation. redness, heat, swelling
Rejection syndrome can occur as a result of transplantation
The C in COPD stands for chronic
The term pneumothorax refers to accumulation of air in the pleural space
The pyloric sphincter regulates the flow of food into the duodenum
Bilirubin is a byproduct of the destruction of red blood cells
The end products of cellular respiration are carbon dioxide and water
Most body heat is lost through the skin
The most abundant anion in plasma membranes is phosphate
The activity of the thirst center will be increased if blood osmolarity is increased
Materials are driven out of the glomerulus into the glomerular capsule because of blood pressure
Inflammation of the renal pelvis and kidney results in pyelonephritis
Progesterone levels are highest during the secretory phase
An acrosome would be found in a spermatozoon
Labor can be artificially initiated by the administration of oxytocin
The umbilical cord contains two arteries and one vein
List conditions that exist if a person is a carrier for a particular disease. the disease must be recessive, and the person's genotype must be heterozygous
A disorder resulting from a change in chromosome number is Down Syndrome
Created by: Desy91