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Red Mod - Endocrine

Acromegaly enlarged features, particularl;y the face and hands; cased by hypersecretion of (Pituitary) Growth Hormone, after puberty.
adrenocorticotropic hormone ACTH
Addison's Disease Chronic disorder of the adrenal glands caused by deficiency of cortical hormones.
Adenoma Tumour of a gland.
antidiuretic hormone - Vasopressin: promotes reabsorption of water in the kidneys ADH
Adrenal Cortex Outer section of the adrenal gland which secretes steroids
Adrenalectomy Surgical excision of an adrenal gland
Adrenal Glands Two bean-shaped glands situated on top of the kidneys which secrete steroid and sex hormones
Adrenal Medulla Inner section of the adrenal gland which secretes epinephrine and norepinephrine
Aldosterone Steroid produced in the adrenal cortex.
Cortisol A glucocoricoid secreted by the adrenal cortex.
Cushing's Syndrome Disorder caused by hypersecretion of the adrenal cortex, resulting in excessive production of steroids.
Diabetes Insipidus Disorder more common in the young, caused b inadequate secretion of the antidiuretic hormone (ADH), which causes excessive thirst and excessive secretion of urine.
Diabetes Mellitus A common pancreatic disorder involving insulin secretion into the blood, either in too much or too little quantities.
Diuresis Increased excretion of urine
Dwarfism A condition of being abnormally small; may be hereditary or an endorcrine dysfunction.
Endocrinology The study of ductless glands, their secretions, and their function of homeostasis.
Epinephrine Adrenaline- produced in the adrenal medulla. Increases heart rate, fate metabolism for energy, and dilates the bronchial tubes.
Exophthalmos Protrusion o fthe eyes due to swelling in tussues; often associated with Grave's Disease
fasting blood sugar FBS
Follicle Stimulating Hormone FSH
Growth Hormone. AKA PGH GH
Gigantism Abnormal overgrowth of the netire body caused by hypersecretion of Pituitary Growth Hormone before puberty
Glucogenesis Formation of glucose from glycogen.
glucagon Hormone secreted by the pancreas which increases the amount of glucose in the blood.
Glucocorticoids Steroids in the adrenal cortex that influence the metabloism of fates, carbohydrates, and proteins.
Glycogen Substance in which carbohydrates are stored in the liver for future conversion into sugar.
Glucose The most important carbohydrate in the body metabolism
Glucosuria Glucose in the urine.
Graves' Disease Disorder of the thyroid-hyperthyroidism. Characterized by abnormal weight loss, muscular weakness, and emotional instability.
Glucose Tolerance Test GTT
Human Chorionic Gonadotropin HCG
High Density Lipoproteins HDL
Hirsutism A condition of abnormal hairiness, expecially in women
Homeostasis A state of stable internal enivironment of the body.
Hormones Secretions of endocrine glands which regulate function of the body (i.e. testosterone / estrogen)
Hyperglycemia excessive amount of sugar in the body
Hyperinsulinsim Excessive amount of insulin in the blood-insulin shock
Hypersecretion Excessive secretion
Hypocalcemima Abnormally low amount of calcium in the blood.
Hypoglycemia too little sugar in the blood
hypogonadism under-development of internal secretions of male sex glands
hypokalemia extreme depletion of potassium in the blood usually lost in diuresis
hyponatremia exteme depletion of sodium in the blood, usually through diuresis
hyposecretion inadequate secretion
intracellular fluid ICF
interstitial cell stimulation hormone ICSH
Insulin A hormone secreted by the Islets of Langerhans. Essential for metabolism of blood sugar(glucose). Can also be made syntheticall and give by injection
Islets of Langerhans Clusters of cells in the pancreas which produce insulin and glucagon
Insulin Tolerance Test ITT
Ketoacidosis An acute stage of diabetes mellitus characterized by hypotension and, eventually, coma
Low Density Lipoproteins LDL
Luteinizing Hormone LH
Lactogenic Hormone (prolactin) LTH
Metabolism Processes in which substances are broken down or built up during chemical reactions that are necessary to maintain life.
Melanocyte Stimulating Hormone (melanin) MSH
Mineralcorticoids HOrmones in the adrenal cortex that regulate water and mineral salts (electrolytes) in the body
Norepinephrine Noradrenaline; produced int he adrenal medulla. Increases blood pressure and constricts vessels.
Neutral Protamine Hagedorn - a synthetic insulin NPH
Obesity Excessive accumulation of fat in the body
Oral Hypoglycemics Medications used to stimulate the pancreas to secrete insulin
Pancreas An organ that contains groups of cells called the Islets of Langerhans which produce endocrine secretions, such as insulin and glucagon
Parathyroid Four separate glands that are located on the posterior glands surgaces of the loves of the thyroid gland
Pituitary Growth Hormone PGH
Pineal Gland Pinecone shaped gland that is attached to the posterior part of the third ventricle of the brain which secretes melatonin
Pituitary Gland Hypophysis; pea-shaped gland that gland that is located at the base of the brain
Polydipsia excessive thirst
Polyphagia A condition of eating abnormally large amounts of food
Polyuria Excessive secretion of urine
Parathyroid Hormone PTH
Radioactive iodine uptake test on the thyroid gland RAIU
Serum Glucose Tests Blood tests to aid in the diagnosis of insulin deficiency
Somatotropin Human Growth Hormone found in the anterior pituitary lobe
Thyroid Echogram Ultrasound examination of the thyroid gland
Thyroidectomy Surgical excision of the thyroid gland
Thyroid Gland Largest gland on the endocrine system. Located in the neck, just below the larynx
Thyrotoxic Thyroid poisoning
Thyrotoxicosis Abnormal condition of poisoning of the thryroid gland
Thyroxine (T4) One of the two major hormones produced by the thyroid. REgulates metabolism and energy levels.
Triidodothyronine (T3) One of the two major horomones produced, stored, and released by the thyroid gland
Thyroid Stimulating Hormone TSH
Created by: MedixMOA
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