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synovial joints move

types of movements in synovial joints

flexion reduces the angle between the bones e.g. bends the limb
Extension increases the angle between the bones e.g. straightens the limb
Abduction to ‘take away’ moves a body part away from the median plane e.g. moving the limb out sideways
Adduction moves a body part back towards the median plane
Gliding the articulating surfaces of the joint slide over one another
Rotation the moving body part ‘twists’ on its own axis
Circumduction allows one end of a bone to move in a circular pattern
Protraction the animal moves its limb cranially i.e. as when walking
Retraction the animal moves the limb back towards the body
Pronation inward rotation of the paw
Supination outward rotation of the paw
Created by: rosie_bowers



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