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geography test II

weather and climate

weather the condition of the atmosphere at a location over a short period of time
solar energy a factor that determines weather, amount and time of year
atmospheric conditions a factor that determines weather, air speed and temperature
elevation a factor that determines the weather, the higher you are the colder and drier
landforms/ water bodies a factor that determines weather, land heats quick and cools quick; water heats slowly and cools slowly
humidity a factor that determines weather, amount of water vapor in the air leads to precipitation
convectional occurs in warm climates when days heat the moist air forming afternoon clouds and rain
frontal when 2 large air masses with different temperatures collide and produce moisture the stronger the storms
types of precipitation convectional, frontal, orographic
orographic mountainous areas
moist air mass moves towards the ---------side of the mountain windward
no moisture on the ----------- side of the mountain leeward
mnemonic device that stands for the factors that determine climate LACEMOPS
the average of daily weather conditions over a period of time climate
L latitude- average temperatures in general get cooler as you move away from the equator
temperature zone (------ latitudes) warm near the equator (mid latitudes)
tropic zone (------ latitudes) warm near the poles (low latitudes)
Polar zone (----- latitudes) cold near the poles (high latitudes)
A air currents- wind helps to distribute heat
because the earth rotates, the wind------ curves, the Coriolis Effect
Hot air blows toward the poles
cold air blows towards the equator
4 types of winds trade winds, easterlies/ westerlies, doldrums, horse latitudes
C continetality- the location of a place on land affects climate
the further away from a large body of water the ------ the air and the more-------- in temperature you have drier, variation
coastal areas have------ humidity and air temperature is moderated by the higher, water temperature
interiors of continents have---- air and ------ in temperature drier, extreme
E elevation, as you go up in elevation the temp. decreases and the air becomes drier
general rule of elevation for every 1000ft in elevation the temp. decreases 3.5 degrees
M mountain barriers- the location of a place on or near mountains helps determine the climate of a place
O ocean currents- act similar to air currents. ocean currents circulate and distribute heat
warm water flows toward the------ waters polar
cold water flows toward the------- waters tropical
P precipitation
TYPEs of precipitation conventional, orographic, or frontal
FORM of precipitation rain, snow, sleet, hail, or freezing rain
AMOUNT of precipitation deserts to tropical rain forests
a way for nature to release a build up of heat hurricanes/typhoons
Created by: lbanana217


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