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SAT Vocab

Barron's 11th ed.

WordPart of speechDefinition
abate v subside or moderate
aberrant adj abnormal or deviant
abrasive adj rubbing away; tending to grind down
abridge v condense or shorten
absolute adj complete; totally unlimited; certain
abstemious adj sparing in eating and drinking; temperate
abstract adj theoretical; not concrete; nonrepresential
abstruse adj obscure; profound; difficult to understand
accessible adj easy to approach; obtainable
acclaim v applaud; announce with approval
accolade n award of merit
acknowledge v recognize; admit
acquiesce v assent; agree without protesting
acrimonious adj bitter in words or manner
acute adj quickly perceptive; keen ; brief and severe
address v direct a speech to; deal with or discuss
adherent n supporter; follower
adjacent adj neighboring; adjoining
adroit adj skillful; nimble
adulation n flattery; admiration
adversary n opponent
adverse adj unfavorable; hostile
advocate v urge; plead for
aesthetic adj artistic; dealing with or capable of appreciation of the beautiful
affable adj easily approachable; warmly friendly
affinity n natural liking; kinship; similarity
affirmation n positive assertion; contirmation; solemn pledge by one who refuses to take an oath
aggressor n attacker
alienate v make hostile; separate
alleviate v relieve
aloof adj apart; reserced; standoffish
altruistic adj unselfichly generous; concerned for others
ambiguous adj unclear or doubtful in meaning
ambivalence n the state of having contradictory or conflicting emotional attitudes
ameliorate v improve; make more satisfactory
amend v correct; change, generall for the better
amorphous adj formless; lacing shape or definition
ample adj abundant
analogy n similarity; parallelism
anarchist n person who seeks to overturn the established government; advocate of abolishing authority
anecdote n short account of an amusing or interesting event
animosity n active enmity
antagonistic adj hostile; opposed
antidote n medicine to counteract a poison or disease
antiquated adj old-fashioned; obsolete
antithesis n contrast; direct opposite of or to
apathy n lack of caring; indifference
apocryphal adj untrue; made up
appease v pacify or soothe; relieve
appreciate v be thankful for; increase in worth; be thoroughly conscious of
apprehension n fear; discernment; capture
arable adj fit for growing crops
arbitrary adj unreasonable or capricious; randomly selected without any reason; based solely on one's unrestricted will or judgment
archaic adj antiquated
ardor n heat; passion; zeal
arid adj dry; barren
arrogance n pride; haughtiness
articulate adj effective; distinct
artifact n object made by human beings, either hadmade or mass-produced
artisan n manually skilled worker; craftsman, as opposed to artist
ascendancy n controlling influence
ascetic adj practicing self-denial; austere
aspire v seek to attain; long for
assuage v ease or lessen (pain); satisfy (hunger); soothe (anger)
astute adj wise; shrewd
atrophy v waste away
attentive adj considerate; thoughtful; paying attention
attribute v ascribe; explain
audacious adj daring; bold
augment v increase; add to
austerity n saternness; severity; strict economy; lack of luxuries
authentic adj genuine
authoritarian adj favoring or exercising total control; nondemocratic
autonomous adj self-governing
aversion n firm dislike
banal adj hackneyed; commonplace; trite
bane n cause of ruin
belie v contradict; give a false impression
belittle v disparage; make fun of
belligerent adj quarrelsome
benevolent adj generous; charitable
benign adj kindly; favorable; not malignant
bequeath v leave to someone by a will; hand down
biased adj slanted; prejudiced
bland adj soothing; mild; dull
blasphemy n irreverence; sacrilege; cursing
bolster v support; reinforce
braggart n boastful person
brawn n muscular strength; sturdiness
brevity n conciseness; briefness
buttress v support; prop up
cacophonous adj discordant; inharmonious
cajole v coax; wheele
calculated adj deliberately planned; likely
candor n frankness
capricious adj fickle; incalculable
caricature n distortion; burlesque
censorious adj critical
censure v blame; criticize
certitude n certainty
charlatan n quack; pretender to knowledge
chronicle v report; record (in chronologial order)
civil adj having to do with citizens or the state; courteous and polite
clamor n noise
clemency n disposition to be lenient; mildness, as of the weather
coercion n use of force to get someone's compliance
commemorate v honor the memory of
compelling adj overpowering; irresistible in effect
compile v assemble; gather; accumulate
compliance n readiness to yield; conformity in fulfilling requirements
composure n mental calmness
comprehensive adj thorough; inclusive
concede v admit; yield
conciliatory adj reconciling; appeasing; amiable
concise adj brief and compact
conclusive adj convincing; decisive
concur v agree in opinion
condone v overlook voluntarily; forgive
confirm v corroborate; verify; support
conflagration n great fire
confound v confuse; puzzle
confront v face; challenge
conscientious adj scrupulous; careful
consensus n general agreement
consistency n absence of contradictions; dependability; uniformity; degree of thickness
constraint n compulsion; repression of feelings
contagion n infection
contemporary n person belonging to the same period
contend v struggle; compete; assert earnestly
contentious adj quarrelsome
contract v compress or shrink; make a pledge; catch a disease
converge v approach; tend to meet; come together
conviction n strongly held belief
cordial adj gracious; heartfelt
corroborate v confirm; support
corrosion n destruction by chemical action
credibility n believability
credulity n belief on slight evidence; gullibility; naivete
criterion n standard used in judging
cryptic adj mysterious; hidden; secret
cursory adj casual; hastily done
curtail v shorten; reduce
cynic n one who is skeptical or distrustful of human motives
daunt v intimidate; frighten
dawdle v loiter; waste time
debilitate v weaken; enfeelbe
debunk v expose something as nonsensical or false
decorum n propriety; orderliness and good taste in manners
defame v harm someone's reputation; malign
deference n courteous regard for another's wish
defiance n refusal to yield; resistance
degenerate v become worse; deteriorate
degrade v lower in rank or dignity; debase
deliberate v consider; ponder
delineate v portray; depict; sketch
denounce v condemn; criticize
deny v contradict; refuse
depict v portray; describe
deplore v regret strongly; express grief over
depravity n corruption; wickedness
deprecate v express disapproval of; protest against; belittle
deride v ridicule; make fun of
derivative adj unoriginal; derived from another source
despondent adj depressed; gloomy
despot n tyrant; harsh, authoritarian ruler
detached adj emotionally removed; calm and objective; indifferent
deterrent n something that discourages; hindrance
detrimental adj harmful; damaging
devious adj roundabout; erratic; not straightforward
devise v think up; invent; plan
didactic adj teaching; instructional
diffuse adj wordy; ramblinb; spread out
digression n wandering away from the subject
diligence n steadiness of effort; persistent hard work
diminution n lessening; reduction in size
disband v dissolve; disperse
discerning adj mentally quick and observant; having insight
disclose v reveal
discordant adj not harmonious; conflicting
discount v disregard
discredit v defame; destroy confidence in; disbelieve
discrepancy n lack of consistency; difference
discriminating adj able to see differences; prejudiced
discursive adj digressing; rambling
disdain v view with scorn or contempt
disinclination n unwillingness
disinterested adj unprejudiced
dismantle v take apart
dismiss v put away from consideration; reject
disparage v belittle
disparity n difference; condition of inequality
dispassionate adj calm; impartial
dispel v drive away; scatter; cause to vanish
disperse v cause to break up; scatter
disputatious adj argumentative; fond of arguing
disseminate v distribute; spread; scatter (like seeds)
dissent v disagree
dissipate v squander; waste; scatter
dissonance n dissonance; discord
dissuade v advise against
distant adj reserved or aloof; cold in manner
divergent adj differing; deviating
diverse adj differing in some characteristics; various
divulge v reveal
doctrine n teachings, in general; particular principle (religious, legal, and so on) taught
document v provide written evidence
dogmatic adj opinionated; arbitrary; doctrinal
dormant adj sleeping' lethargic; latent
dubious adj doubtful; questionable
duplicity n double-dealing; hypocrisy
duration n length of time something lasts
dutiful adj respectful; obedient
ebb v recede; lessen
eccentric adj odd; whimsical; irregular
eclectic adj selective in choosing from a variety of sources
eclipse v darken; extinguish; surpass
effervescent adj exuberant; bubbly and excited
egotistical adj excessively self-centered; self-important; conceited
elated adj overjoyed; in high spirits
eloquence n expressiveness; persuasive speech
elusive adj evasive; baffling; hard to grasp
embellish v adorn; ornament
emulate v imitate; rival
endorse v approve; support
enduring adj lasting; surviving
enervate v weaken
engender v cause; produce
enhance v advance; improve
enigma n puzzle; mystery
enmity n ill will; hatred
enumerate v list; mention one by one
ephemeral adj short-lived; fleeting
epic n long heroic poem, or similar work of art
epicure n connoisseur of food and drink
episodic adj loosely connected; divided into incidents; occurring at intervals
equanimity n calmness of temperament; composure
equivocal adj ambiguous; intentionally misleading
erratic adj odd; unpredictable; wandering
erroneous adj mistaken; wrong
erudite adj learned; scholarly
esoteric adj hard to understand; known only yo the chosen few
espouse v adopt; support
esteem v respect; value; judge
ethereal adj light; heavenly; unusually refined
eulogy n expression of praise, often on the occasion of someone's death
euphemism n mild expression used in place of an unpleasant one
euphonious adj pleasing in sound
euphoria n feeling of great happiness and well-being (sometimes exaggerated)
evanescent adj fleeting; vanishing
exacerbate v worsen; embitter
exacting adj extremely demanding
exalt v raise in rank or dignity; praise
execute v put into effect; carry out
exemplary adj serving as a model; outstanding
exemplify v serve as an example of; embody
exhaustive adj thorough; comprehensive
exhilarating adj invigorating and refreshing; cheering
exonerate v acquit; exculpate
expedient adj suitable to achieve a particular end; practical; politic
expedite v hasten
expertise n specialized knowledge; expert skill
explicit adj totally clear; deinite; outspoken
exploit n deed or action, particularly a brave deed
exploit v make use of, sometimes unjustly
expository adj explanatory; intended to explain
extant adj still in existence
extol v praise; glorified
extraneous adj not essential; superfluous
extricate v free; disentangle
exuberance n overflowing abundance; joyful enthusiasm
facile adj easily accomplished; ready or fluent; superficial
facilitate v help bring about; make less difficult
fallacious adj false; misleading
fantacism n excessive zeal; extreme devotion to a belief or cause
fastidious adj difficult to please; squaemish
feasible adj practical
fervor n glowing ardor; intensity of feeling
fickle adj changeable; faithless
figurative adj not literal, but metaphorical; using a figure of speech
flagrant adj conspicuously wicked; blatant; outrageous
flippant adj lacking proper seriousness
florid adj ruddy; reddish; flowery
fluctuate v waver; shift
foolhardy adj rash; heedless
foresight v ability to foresee future happenings; prudence
forestall v prevent by taking action in advance
forsake v desert; abandon; renounce
forthright adj outspoken; frank
fortuitous adj accidental; by chance
foster v rear; encourage; nurture
founder v fail completely; sink
founder n person who establishes (an organization, business)
frail adj weak
frivolous adj lacking in seriousness; self-indulgently carefree; relatively unimportant
frugality n thrift; economy
fundamental v basic; primary; essential
furtive adj stealthy; sneaky
futile adj ineffective; fruitless
galvanize v stimulate by shock; stir up; revitalize
garbled adj mixed up; jumbled; distorted
garrulous adj loquacious; wordy; talkative
genre n particular variety of art or literature
germane adj pertinent; bearing upon the case at hand
glacial adj like a glacier; extremely cold
glib adj fluent; facile; slick
glutton n someone who eats too much; greedy person
gorge n small,, steep-walled canyon
grandiose adj pretentious; high-flown; ridiculously exaggerated; impressive
gratify v please
gratuitous adj given freely; unwarranted; unprovoked
gravity n seriousness
gregarious adj sociable
grievance n cause of complaint
grudging adj unwilling; reluctant; stingy
guile n deceit; duplicity; wiliness; cunning
gullible adj easily deceived
hackneyed adj commonplace; trite
hallowed adj blessed; consecrated
hamper v obstruct
harass v annoy by repeated attacks; torment
hardy adj sturdy; robust; able to stand inclement weather
haughtiness n pride; arrogance
hedonist n one who believes that pleasure is the sole aim in life
heed v pay attention to; consider
heresy n opinion contrary to popular belief; opinion contrary to accepted religion
heterodox adj unorthodox; unconventional
heterogeneous adj dissimilar; mixed
heyday n time of greatest success; prime
hiatus n gap; interruption in duration or continuity; pause
hierarchy n arrangement by rank or standing; authoritarian body divided into ranks
hindrance n block; obstacle
hoard v stockpile; accumulate for future use
homogeneous adj of the same kind
hone v sharpen
hostility n unfriendliness; hatred
humane adj marked by kindness or consideration
husband v use sparingly; conserve; save
hyperbole n exaggeration; overstatement
hypocritical adj pretending to be virtuous; deceiving
hypothetical adj based on assumptions or hypotheses; supposed
iconoclast n one who attacks cherished traditions
idiosyncrasy n individual trait, usually odd in nature; eccentricity
ignominy n deep disgrace; shame or dishonor
allicit adj illegal
illuminate v brighten; clear up or make understandable; enlighten
illusory adj deceptive; not real
imbalance n lack of balance or symmetry; disproportion
immaculate adj spotless; flawless; absolutely clean
immune adj resistant to; free or exempt from
immutable adj unchangeable
impair v injure; hurt
impartial adj not biased; fair
impassive adj without feeling; imperturbable; stoical
impeccable adj faultless
impecunious adj without money
impede v hinder; block; delay
impel v drive or force onward
imperceptible adj unnoticeable; undetectable
imperious adj domineering; haughty
impervious adj impenetrable; incapable of being damaged or distressed
impetuous adj violent; hasty; rash
implausible adj unlikely; unbelievable
implement v put into effect; supply with tools
implication n something hinted at or suggested
implicit adj understood but not stated
impoverished adj poor
impromptu adj without previous preparation; off the cuff; on the spur of the moment
impudence n impertinence; insolence
inadvertently adv by oversight; carelessly or unintentionally
inane adj silly; senseless
inaugurate v start; initiate; install in office
incense v enrage; infuriate
incentive n spor; motive
incessant adj uninterrupted; unceasing
incidental adj not essential; minor
incisive adj cutting; sharp
incite v arouse to action; goad; motivate; induce to exist
incline v slope; slante
inclined adj tending to leaning toward; bent
inclusive adj tending to include all
incoherent adj unintelligible; muddled; illogical
incongruous adj not fitting; absurd
inconsequential adj insignificant; unimportant
incontrovertible adj indisputable; not open to question
incorrigible adj uncorrectale
indefatigable adj tireless
indict v charge
indifferent adj unmoved; lacking concern
indigenous adj native
digent adj poor; destitute
indiscriminate adj choosing at random; confused
indolent adj lazy
indomitable adj unconquerable; unyielding
indubitable adj unable to be doubted; unquestionable
induce v persuade; bring about
indulge v humor; treat leniently
industrious adj diligent; hard-working
effectual adj not effective; weak
inept adj unsuited; absurd; incompetent
inequity n unfairness
inert adj inactive; lacking power to move
inexorable adj relentless; unyielding; implacable
infamous adj notoriously bad
infer v deduce; conclude
infiltrate v pass into or through; penetrate (an organization) sneakily
infinitesimal adj exceedingly small; so small as to be almost nonexistent
infraction n violation (o fa rule or regulation); breach
ingenious adj clever; resourceful
ingrate n ungrateful person
inherent adj firmly established by nature or habit; intrinsic
inimcal adj unfriendly; hostile; harmful; detrimental
initiate v begin; originate; receive into a group
injurious adj harmful
innate adj inborn
innocuous adj harmless
innovation n change; introduction of something new
inopportune adj untimely; poorly chosen
insatiable adj not easily satisfied; greedy
insightful adj discerning; perceptive
insinuate v hint; imply; creep in
insipid adj lacking in flavor; dull
insolvent adj bankrupt; unable to repay one's debts
instigate v urge; start; provoke
insularity n narrow-mindedness; isolation
insuperable adj insurmountable; unbeatable
insurgent adj rebellious
intangible adj not material; not able to be perceived by touch; vague; elusive
integral adj complete; necessary for completeness
integrity n uprightness; wholeness
intermittent adj periodic; on and off
intervene v come between
intimidate v frighten
intractable adj unruly; stubborn; unyielding
intrasigence n refusal of any compromise; stubbornness
intrepid adj fearless
intricate adj complex; knotty; tangled
intrinsic adj essential; inherent; built-in; matural
introspective adj looking within oneself
intuition n immediate insight; power of knowing without reasoning
inundate v overwhelm; flood; submerge
invert v turn upside down or inside out
irascible adj irritable; easily angered
ironic adj relating to a contradiction between an event's expected result and its actual outsome; sarcastic
irrational adj illogical; lacking reason; insane
irrelevant adj not applicable; unrelated
irreproachable adj blameless; impeccable
irresolute adj uncertain how to act; weak
irreverence n lack of proper respect
jargon n language used by a special group; technical terminology; gibberish
jocular adj said or done in jest; joking
judicious adj sound in judgment; wise
justification n good or just reason; defense; excuse
kindle v start a fire; inspire
labyrinth n maze
laconic adj brief and to the point
lament v grieve; express sorrow
lassitude n languor; weariness
laud v praise
lavish adj liberal; wasteful
legacy n a gift made by a will
lethargic adj drowsy; dull
levity n lack of seriousness; lightness
linger v loiter or dawdle; continue or persist
list v tilt; lean over
listlessness n lack in spirit or energy
loathe v detest
lofty adj very high
loquacious adj talkative
lucid adj easily understood; clear; intelligible
lurid adj wild; sensational; graphic; gruesome
magnanimous adj generous
magnate n person of prominence or influence
maladroit adj clumsy; bungling
malevolent adj wishing evil
malice n hatred; spite
malign v speak evil of; bad-mouth; defame
marred adj damaged; disfigured
martinet n rigid disciplinarian; strict military officer
materialism n preoccupationg with physical comforts and things
meager adj scanty; inadequate
meander v wind or turn in a course
medley n mixture
meek adj quiet and obedient
melancholy adj gloomy; morose; blue
mercenary adj interested in money or gain
mercurial adj capricious; changing; fickle
merger n combination (of two business corporations)
methodical adj systematic
meticulous adj excessively careful; painstaking; scrupulous
minute adj extremely small
misanthrope n one who hates mankind
miserly adj stingy; mean
misnomer n wrong name; incorrect designation
mitigate v appease; moderate
mock v ridicule; imitate, often in derision
mollify v soothe
momentous adj very important
monotony n sameness leading to boredom
morbid adj given to unwholesome thought; moody; characteristic of disease
morose adj ill-humored; sullen; melancholy
mundane adj worldly as opposed to spiritual
munificent adj very generous
mutability n ability to change in form; fickle
muted adj silent; muffled; toned down
naivete n quiality of being unsophisticated; simplicity; artlessness; gullibility
nefarious adj very wicked
negate v cancel out; nullify; deny
nonchalance n indifference; lack of concern; composure
nonentity n person of no importance; nonexistence
nostalgia n homesickness; longing for the past
notoriety n disrepute; ill fame
novelty n something new; newness
novice n beginner
nuance n shade of difference in meaning or color
nullify v to make in valid; void; abolish
nurture v nourish; educate; foster
obdurate adj stubborn
objective adj not influenced by emotions; fair
objective n goal; aim
obliterate v destroy completely
oblivion n obscurity; forgetfulness
oblivious adj inattentive or unmindful; wholly absorbed
obscure adj dark; vague; unclear
obscure v darken; make unclear
obsequious adj slavishly attentive; servile; fawning; sycophantic
obsessive adj related to thinking about something constantly; preoccupying
obstinate adj stubborn; hard to control or treat
obtuse adj blunt; stupid
officious adj meddlesome; excessively pushy in offering one's services
ominous adj threatening
opaque adj dark; not transparent
opportunist n individual who sacrifices principles for expediency by taking advantage of circumstances
optimist n person who looks on the good side
opional adj not compulsory; left to one's choice
opulence n extreme wealth; luxuriousness; abundance
orator n public speaker
ornate adj excessively or elaborately decorated
ostentatious adj showy; pretentious; trying to attract attention
pacifist n one opposed to force; antimilitarist
painstaking adj showing hard work; taking great care
paltry adj insignificant; petty; trifiling
paradigm n odel; example; pattern
paradox n somehting apparently contradictory in nature; statement that looks false but is actually correct
paragon n model of perfection
parochial adj narrow in outlook; provincial; related to parishes
parody n humorous imitation; spoof; takeoff; travesty
parry v ward off a blow; deflect
parsimony n stinginess; excessive frugality
partial adj 1 incomplete. 2 biased; having a liking for something
partisan adj one-sided; prejudiced; comitted to a party
passive adj noteactive; acted upon
paucity n scarcity; lack
pedantic adj showing off learning; bookish
penchant n strong inclination; liking
pensive adj dreamily thoughtful; thoughtful with a hint of sadness; contemplative
perceptive adj insightful; aware; wise
perfunctory adj superficial; not thorough; lacking interest, care, or enthusiasm
peripheral adj marginal; outer
perjury n false testimony while under oath
pernicious adj very destructive
perpetuate v make something last; preserve from extinction
perturb v disturb greatly
pervasive adj pervading; spread throughout every part
pessimism n belief that life is basically bad or evil; gloominess
petty adj trivial; unimportant; very small
petulant adj touchy; peevish
phenomena n, pl observable facts; subjects of scientific investigation
philanthropist n lover of mankind; doer of good
pious adj devout; religious
pitfall n hidden danger; concealed trap
pithy adj concise; meaningful; substantial; meaty
pivotal adj crucial; key; bital
placate v pacify; conciliate
plagiarize v steal anoter's ideas and pass them off as one's own
platitude n trite remark; commonplace statement
plausible adj having a show of truth but open to doubt; specious
pliant adj flexible; easily influend
plight n condition, state (especially a bad state or condition); predicament
poignancy n quality of being deeply moving; keenness of emotion
polemial adj aggressive in verbal attack; disputatious
pomposity n self-important behavior; acting like a stuffed shirt
ponderous adj weighty; unwieldy
porous adj full of pores; like a sieve
potent dj powerful; persuasive; greatly influential
pragmatic adj practical (as opposed to idealistic); concerned with the practical worth or impact of something
prattle v babble
precarious adj uncertain; risky
precedent n something preceding in time that may be used as an authority or guide for future action
precipitate adj rash; premature; hasty; sudden
precipitous adj steep; overhasty
preclude v make impossible; eliminate
precocious adj advanced in development
predator n creature that seizes and devours another animal; person who rods or exploits others
predecessor n former occupant of a post
predilection n partiality; preference
preposterous adj absurd; ridiculous
prestige n impression produced by achievements or reputation
presumptuous adj overconfident; impertinent
pretentious adj ostentatious; pompous; making unjustified claims; overambitious
prevalent adj widespread; generally accepted
problematic adj doubtful; unsettled; questionable; perplexing
proclivity n inclination; natural tendency
procrastinate v postpone; delay or put off
prodigal adj wasteful; reckless with money
prodigious adj marvelous; enormous
prodigy n marvel; highly gifted child
profane v violate; desecrate; treat unworthily
profligate adj dissipated; wasteful; wildly immoral
profound adj deep; not superficial; complete
profusion n overabundance; lavish expenditure; excess
proliferation n rapid growth; spread; multiplication
prolific adj abundantly fruitful
prologue n introduction (to a poem or play)
prophetic adj foretelling the future
propitious adj favorable; fortunate; advantageous
proprity n fitness; correct conduct
prosaic adj dull and unimaginative; matter-of-fact; factual
protract v prolong
provincial adj pertaining to a province; limited in outlook; unsophisticated
provisional adj tentative
provocative adj arousing anger or interest; annoying
proximity n nearness
prudent adj cautious; careful
pugnacity n combativeness; disposition to fight
pungent adj stinging; sharp in taste or smell; caustic
purse v pucker; contract into wrinkles
qualified adj limited; restricted
quandary n dilemma
quell v extinguish; put down; quiet
querulous adj fretful; whining
quiescent adj at rest; dormant; temporarily inactive
ramble v wander aimlessly (physically or mentally)
rancor n bitterness; hatred
rant v rave; talk excitedly; scold; make a grandiloquent speech
raityf v approve formally; verify
raucous adj harsh and shrill; disorderly and boisterous
raze v destroy completely
rebuttal n refutation; reponse with contrary evidence
recalcitrant adj obstinately stubbown; determined to resist authority; unruly
recant v disclaim or disavow; retract a previous statement; openly confess error
receptive adj quick or willing to receive ideas, suggestions, etc.
recluse n hermit; loner
recount v narrate or tell; count over again
rectify v set right; correct
redundant adj superfluous; repetitious; excessively wordy
refute v disprove
relegate v banish to an inferior position; delegate; assign
relevant adj pertinent; referring to the case in hand
relinquish v give up something with reluctance; yield
relish v savor; enjoy
remorse n guilt; self-reproach
renegade n deserter; traitor
renounce v forswear; repudiate; abandon; discontinue
repel v drive away; disgust
replete adj filled to the brim or to the point of being stuffed; abundantly supplied
reprehensible adj deserving blame
repress v restrain; hold back; crush; suppress
reprimand v reprove severely; rebuke
reproach v express disapproval
reprove v censure; rebuke
repudiate v disown; disavow
rescind v cancel
reserve n self-control; formal but distant manner
reisgned adj unresisting; patiently submissive
resolution n determination; resolve
resolve n determination; firmness of purpose
resolve v decide; settle; solve
respite n interval of relief; time for rest; delay in punishment
resplendent adj dazzling; glorious; brilliant
restraint n controlling force; control over one's emotions
reticent adj reserved; uncommunicative; inclined to be silent
reitring adj modest; shy
retract v withdraw; take back
reverent adj respectful
rhetorical adj pertaining to effective communication; insincere in language
rigorous adj severe; harsh; demanding; exact
robust adj vigorous; strong
rudimentaryy adj not developed; elementary; crude
ruthless adj pitiless; cruel
sagacious adj perceptive; shrewd; having insight
sage n person celebrated for wisdom
sanction v approve; ratify
sactuary n refuge; shelter; shrine; holy place
sarcasm n scornful remarks; stinging rebuke
satirical adj mocking
saturate v soak thoroughly
savory adj tasty; pleasing, attractive, or agreeable
scanty adj meager; insufficient
scrupulous adj conscientious; extremely thorough
scrutinize v examine closely and critically
seclusion n isolation; solitude
sectarian adj relating to a religious faction or subgroup; narrow-minded; limited
sedentary adj requiring sitting
sequester v isolate; retire from public life; segregate; seclude
serenity n calmness; placidity
servile adj slavishly submissive; fawning; cringing
sever v cut; separate
severity n harshness; intensity; austerity; rigidity
shrewd adj clever; astute
singular adj unique; extraordinary; odd
skeptical adj doubting; suspending judgment until one has examined the evidence supporting a point of view
slacken v slow up; loosen
slander n defamation; utterance of false and malicious statements
slothful adj lazy
sluggish adj slow; lazy; lethargic
solemnity n seriousness; gravity
solicit v request earnestly; seek
solitude n state of being alone; seclusion
soluble adj able to be dissolved; able to be explained
somber adj gloomy; depressing; dark; drab
sparse adj not thick; thinly scattered; scanty
spendthrift n someone who wastes money
spontaneity n lack or premeditation; naturalness; freedom from constraint
sporadic adj occuring irregularly
spurious adj false; counterfeit
spurn v reject; scorn
squalor n filth; degradation; dirty, neglected state
squander v waste
stagnant adj motionless; stale; dull
stanza n division of a poem
static adj unchanging; lacking development
steadfast adj loyal; unswerving
stoic adj impassive; unmoved by joy or grief
strident adj loud and harsh; insistent
strut n pompous walk; swagger
stupefy v make numb; stun; amaze
subdued adj less intense; quieter
submissive adj yielding; timid
subordinate adj occupying a lower rank; inferior; submissive
subside v settle down; descend; grow quiet
substantial adj ample; solid
substantiate v establish by evidence; verify; support
subtlety n perceptiveness; ingenuity; delicacy
succinct adj brief; terse; compact
supercilious adj arrogant; condescending; patronizing
superficial adj trivial; shallow
superfluous adj excessive; overabundant; unnecessary
supplant v replace; usurp
suppress v crush; subdue; inhibit
surmount v overcome
surpass v exceed
surreptitious adj secret; furtive; sneaky; hidden
susceptible adj impressionable; easily influenced; having little resistance, as to a disease; receptive to
sustain v experience; support; nourish
swindler n cheat
sycophant n servile flatterer; bootlicker; yes man
symmetry n arrangement of parts so that balance is obtained; congruity
taciturn adj habitually silent; talking little
taint v contaminate; cause ot lose purity; modify with a trace of something bad
tangential adj peripheral; only slightly connected; digressing
tangible adj able to be touched; real; palable
tantamount adj equivalent in effect or value
tedious adj boring; tiring
temper v moderate; tone down or restrain; toughen (steel)
tenacity n firmness; persistence
tertative adj provisional; experimental; doubtful
termination n end
terse adj concise; abrupt; pithy
treadbare adj worn through till the threads show; shabby and poor
thrive v prosper; flourish
tirade n extended scolding; denunciation; harangue
torpor n lethargy; sluggishness; dormancy
tractable adj docile; easily managed
tranquility n calmness; peace
transcendent adj surpassing; exceeding ordinary limits; superior
transient adj momentary; temporary; staying for a short time
transparent adj easily detected; permitting light to pass through freely
trepidation n fear; nervous apprehension
trifiling adj trivial; unimportant
trite adj hackneyed; commonplace
trivial adj unimportant; triffling
turbulence n state of violent agitation
turmoil n great commotion and confusion
tyranny n oppression; cruel government
undermine v weaken; sap
uniformity n sameness; monotony
universal adj characterizing or affecting all; present everywhere
unkempt adj dishevled; uncared for in appearance
unprecedented adj novel; unparalleled
unwarranted adj unjustified; groundless; undeserved
usurp v seize anoterh's power or rank
vacillate v waver; fluctuate
venerate v revere
veracity n truthfulness
verbose adj wordy
viable adj practical or workable; capable of maintaining life
vigor n active stregth
vilify v slander
vindicate v clear from blame; exonerate; justify or support
vindictive adj out for revenge; malicious
virtuoso n highly skilled artist
virulent adj extremely poisonous; hostile; bitter
volatile adj changeable; explosive; evaporating rapidly
voluble adj fluent; glib; talkative
voluminous adj bulky; large
vulnerable adj susceptible to wounds
whimsical adj capricious; fanciful
willful adj intentional; headstrong; stubbornly set on getting one's way
withhold v refuse to give; hold back
zealot n fanatic; person who shows excessive zeal
Created by: pogs89ap
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