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Princeton Vocab


candid; Candace's candidness overwhelmed her business colleagues, who were not used to such honesty. completely honest, straightforward
conjecture; At this point, Kimaya's hypothesis about single-cell biorhythms is still conjecture: She doesn't have conclusive evidence. inference; guesswork
didactic; The tapes were entertaining and didactic; they both amused and instructed children. instructive
euphemism; "To pass away" is a common euphemism for dying. a mild, indirect, or vague term substituting for a harsh, blunt, or offensive term
extrapolate; Seeing the wrecked bike and his daughter's skinned knees, Heath extrapolated that she had had a biking accident. to infer or estimate by extending or projecting known information
incoherent; Maury's sentences were so incoherent that nobody understood a word. lacking cohesion or connection
insinuate; Sean insinuated that Grace stole the arsenic, but he never came out and said it. to imply or communicate stealthily
lucid; Our teacher provides lucid explanations of even the most difficult concepts so that we can all understand them. easily understood; clear
rhetoric; Since they are expected to make speeches, most politicians and lawyers are well-versed in the art of rhetoric. the art of using language effectively and persuasively
acumen; Judge Ackerman's legal acumen was so well regarded that he was nicknamed the "Solomon of the South." quickness, accuracy, and keenness of judgment or insight
adroit; An adroit balloon-animal maker, Adrianna became popular at children's parties. dexterous; deft
ascertain; The private investigator had long suspected my dog; before long, he ascertained that Toto was indeed the murderer. to find out, as through investigation or experimentation
astute; Stewart is financially astute; he invests wisely and never falls for scams. shrewd;clever
circumspect; Ned's circumspect manner makes him a wise appointment to the diplomatic corps. careful; prudent; discreet
disseminate; The news about Dave's embarrassing moment at the party disseminated quickly through the school; by the end of the day, everyone knew what had happened. to scatter widely, as in sowing seed
erudition; Professor Rudy's erudition was such that she could answer any question her students put to her. deep, extensive learning
husbandry; After years of practicing animal husbandry, Marsha's husband was able to create a breed of dog that actually walked itself. the application of scientific principles to agriculture, especially to animal breeding
pedantic; Pedro's pedantic tendencies prompted him to remind us constantly of all the grammatical rules we were breaking. excessively concerned with book learning and formal rules
perspicacious; Persephone's perspicacious mind had solved so many cases that the popular private investigator was able to retire. shrewd; clear-sighted
pragmatic; Never one for wild and unrealistic schemes, Matt took a pragmatic approach to research. practical
precocious; Bobby Fisher's precocious intellect made him one of the world's best chess players before he could even drive. exhibiting unusually early intellectual aptitude or maturity
prospectus; Before writing my thesis, I had to submit a detailed prospectus to the department for approval formal proposal
rudimentary; Josh's rudimentary golf skills were easily overpowered by Tiger Woods's amazing performance on the green. basic; elementary; in the earliest stages of development
castigate; Mr. Castile preferred not to castigate student misbehavior publicly; instead, he would quietly send the troublemaker to the principal's office. to scold, rebuke, or harshly criticize
censure; In recent years the FCC has censured networks for the provocative antics of Super Bowl halftime acts; what goes on during the game, however, usually escapes the organization's notice. to issue official blame
denounce; In many pwerful speeches throughout his lifetime, Martin Luther King, Jr. denounced racism as immoral. to condemn openly
reclusive; Our neighbors were quite reclusive, hardly ever emerging from behind teh closed doors of their home. seeking or preferring seclusion or isolation
relinquish; Ricky relinquished his career in order to search for the source of the world's best relish. to retire from; give up or abandon
renounce; Nancy renounced her given name and began selling records under the moniker "Boedicia." to give up (a title, for example), especially by formal announcement
vituperative; The vituperative speech was so cruel that the members left feeling completely abused. marked by harshly abusive condemnation
circumscribe;The acrcheologist circumscribed the excavation area on the map. to draw a circle around; to restrict
contiguous; The continental United States consists of 48 contiguous states. sharing an ege or boundary; touching
conciliatory; After arguing endlessly with them for weeks, Connie switched to a more conciliatory tone with her parents once prom season arrived. appeasing; soothing; showing willingness to reconcile
credible; The shocking but credible report of mice in the kitchen kept Eddie up all night. capable of being believed; plausible
exonerate; Xena was exonerated of all charges. to free from blame
incontrovertible; The videotape of the robbery provided incontrovertible evidence against the suspect-he was obviously guilty. indisputable; not open to question
indict;President Nixon's aides were indicted during the Watergate scandal. to officially charge with wrongdoing or a crime
litigious; Letitia was a litigious little girl; at one point, she tried to sue her dog. prone to engage in lawsuits
partisan; Today's partisan politics are so antagonistic that it's difficult to reach a successful compromise on any issue. devoted to or biased in support of a party, group, or cause.
parity; The judges at theh Olympice must score each athlete's performance with parity; such impartial treatment is hard since one always wants to root for one's own country. equality, as in amount, status, or value (antonym: disparity)
rectitude; Thanks to his unerring sense of fairness and justice, Viktor was a model of moral rectitude; his hometown even erected a statue in his honor. moral uprightness; righteousness
remiss; Cassie was remiss in fulfilling her Miss America duties; she didn't even come close to ending world hunger. lax in attending to duty; negligent
repudiate; I repudiated the teacher's arguments about Empress Wu Zetian's reputation by showing him that the reports of her cruelty were from unreliable sources. to reject the validity or authority of
sanctimonious; The sanctimonious scholar had actually been plagiarizing the other people's work for years. feigning piety or righteousness
scrupulous; Evan's scrupulous behavior began to annoy his friends when he called the cops on the for toilet papering their teacher's house. principled, having a strong sense of right and wrong; conscientious and exacting
solicitous; The parents asked solicitous questions about the college admissions officer's family. concerned
sophistry; The professor's sophistry misled the sophomore into incorrect beliefs. plausible but misleading or fallacious argument
substantiate; The argument was substantiated by clear facts and hard evidence. to support with proof or evidence; verify
veracity; Since Vera was known for her veracity, it came as a complete shock when her family found out she'd lied on her application. adherence to the truth; truthfulness
vincdicate; Mrs. Layton was finally vindicated after her husband admitted to the crime. to free from blame
cajole; The sweet-talking senior cajoled an impressionable junior into seeing The Lord of the Rings for the tenth time. to urge with repeated appeals, teasing, or flattery
chicanery; The candidate accused his debate opponent of resorting to cheap chicanery to sway the electorate trickery
obsequious; Keevin was so obsequious that even his teachers were embarrassed; as a result, his sucking up rarely led to better grades. fawning and servile
sycophant; Siggie is such a sycophant; he slyly sucks up to his teachers, and reaps the rewards of his behavior insincere, obsequious flatterer
altruism; Alta, a model of altruism, gave her movie ticket to someone who needed it more. unselfish concern for the welfare of others; selflessness
eminent; Emeril Lagasse is one of the most eminent shefs working today every; every TV watcher knows ho well-known and highly regarded he is. distinguished; prominent
empathy; Emily is one of the most empathetic friends; she can always relate to my emotions. identification with and understanding of another's situation, feelings, and motives
extol; Tollivan extolled the virtues of the troll while his teacher looked on amazed. to praise highly
laudatory; The principal's speech was laudatory, congratulating the students on their SAT scores. full of praise
magnanimous; The magnanimous prince cared deeply for his country and its people. courageously or generously noble in mind and heart
philanthropic; Phil was a philanthropic soul, always catering to the needy and the underprivileged. humanitarian; benevolent; relating to monetary generosity
reciprocate; The chef reciprocated his rival's respect; they admired each other so much that they even traded recipes. to mutually take or give; to respond in kind
defunct; The theory that the world was flat became defunct when Magellan sailed to the West and didn't fall of the earth. no longer existing or functioning
eradicate; Radcliffe did her best to eradicate the radishes from her farm. to get rid of as if by tearing it up by the roots; abolish
expurgate; The Chinese government expurgates nearly all obscene matter from the nation's Internet. to remove objectionable content before publication or release
extirpate; While the family was on vacation, the termites practically extirpated the house. to destroy
quell; Nell quelled the fight over the quiche by throwing it out the window-she had long given up reasoning with her sisters. to put down forcibly; suppress
raze; It is difficult to raze a city building without demolishing other structures around it. to level to the ground; demolish
squelch; Sam wanted to keep squash as pets, but Quentin squelched the idea. to crush as if by trampling; squash
supplant; The ants prepared to supplant the roaches as the dominant insect in the kitche; their plan was to take the roaches by surprise and drive them out. to usurp the place of, especially through intrigue or underhanded tactics
stymie; Stan was stymied by the Sudoku puzzle; he just couldn't solve it. to thwart or stump
abase; Bayard's withering resaurant review was an attempt to abase his former friend, the owner. to lower in rank, prestige, or esteem
deride; Derrick was derided for wearingn two different colored socks, but he couldn't help it-it was laundry day. to mck contemptuously
derogatory; The unethical politician didn't just attack his opponent's views; he also made derogatory remarks about the other candidate's family and personal hygiene. insulting or intended to insult
disparage; Wanda disparaged Glen by calling him a cheat and a liar. to speak of negatively; to belittle
effrontery; The attorney's effrontery in asking such personal questions so shocked Esther that she immediately ran from the office. brazen boldenss; presumptuousness
ignominy; Ignacio felt great ignominy after the scandal broke. great personal dishonor or humiliation; disgraceful conduct
impugn; INstead of taking the high road, the candidate impugned his opponent's character. to attack as false or questionable
mar; The perfect day was marred by the arrival of storm clouds. to damage, especially in a disfiguring way
pejorative (adj.) ; Teachers should refrain from using pejorative terms as numbskull and idiot to refer to other teachers. disparaging, belittling, insulting
vex; Bex's mom was vexed when Bex was very vague about her whereabouts for the evening. to annoy or obother; perplex
vindictive; Vincenzo was very vindictive; when someone hurt him, he responded by vigorously plotting revenge. disposed to seek revenge; revengeful; spiteful
bombastic; The principal's bombastic speech bombed in the eyes of the students; it only furthered their impression of him as a pompous jerk. given to pompous speech or writing
ebullience; A sense of ebullience swept over the lacrosse fans crowd when their team won the game. intense enthusiasm
exorbitant; I wanted to buy a Porsche, but the price was exorbitant, so instead I purchaed a used mail truck. exceeding all bounds, as of custom or fairness
exuberant; William was exuberant when he found out that he'd gotten into the college of his choice. full of unrestrained enthusiasm or joy
embellish; One can never trust that Anwar's stories are realistic; his details are almost always embellished so that his experiences sound more interesting than they really are. to ornament or decorate; to exaggerate
flagrant; Too many flagrant fouls can get you kicked out of a basketball game. extremely or diliberately shocking or noticeable
gratuitous; The film was full of gratuitous sex and violence inessential to the story. given freely; unearned; unneccessary
lavish; Lavanya's wedding was a lavish affair. extravagant
lugubrious; Lucas's lugubrious eulogy for his pet lobster quickly became ridiculous. mournful, dismal, or gloomy, especially to an exaggerated or ludicrous degree
opulent; The ophthalmologist's opulent home was the envy of his friends; the crystal chandeliers, marble floors, and teak furniture must have cost a fortune. displaying great wealth
ornate; The wood carvings were so ornate that you could examine them many times and still notice things you had not seen before elaborately decorated
penchant; Penny's penchant for chocolate-covered ants led her to munch on them all day. a strong inclination or liking
redundant; The author's speech was terribly redundant, repeating the same phrases. needlessly repetitive
ubiquitous; Kenny had a ubiquitous little sister; wherever he turned, there she was. being or seeming to be everywhere at the same time; omnipresent
vicarious; Stan, who was never athletic but loved sports, lived vicariously through his brother, a professional basketball player. felt or undergone as if one were taking part in the experience or feelings of another
vignette; The poodle vignette in my new film expresses the true meaning of Valentine's Day. a short scene or story
amalgam; The song was an amalgam of many different styles, from blues to hip hop to folk. a combination of diverse elements; a mixture
inundate; The day after the ad ran, Martha was undated with phone calls. to overwhelm as if with a flood; to swamp
multifarious; The multifarious achievements of Leo da Vinci, ranging from architecture and painting to phil. and sci. are unparalleled in our century. diverse; various
multiplicity; A multiplicity of views is essential to a healthy multicultural democracy. state of being various or manifold; a great number
alleviate; Alvin meditated to alleviate the pain from the headache he got after taking the SAT. to ease a pain or burden
ameliorate; Winning a silver medal quickly ameliorated Amelia's angst at losing the gold. to make something better; improve
beneficial; According to my doctor, tea's beneficial effects may niclude reducing anxiety. producing or promoting a favorable result; helpful
curative; The aloe had a curative effect on my sunburn; within hours, the flaking had stopped able to heal or cure
palliative; Watching professional polo on TV became a palliative for the screaming child; it was the only thing that would quiet him. relieving or soothing the symptoms of a disease or disorder without effecting a cure
therapeutic; The therapeutic air of the Mediterranean cured Thomas of his asthma. having or exhibiting healing powers
complement (n); The lovely computer is the perfect complement to the modern furnishings in Abby's apartment. something that completes, goes with, or brings to perfection
epitome; She is the epitome of selflessness; no matter how much or little she has, she always give to others. a representative or examplle of a type
felicitous; jamie Foxx made a felicitous speech when he won his Oscar. admirably suited; apt
belie; He smiled in order to belie his hostility. to misrepresent or disguise
debunk; The university administration debunked the myth that bunk beds are only for children by installing them in every dorm on campus. to expose untruths, shams, or exaggerated claims
dubious; Jerry's dubious claim that he could fly like Superman didn't win him any summer job offers. doubtful; of unlikely authenticity
duplicitous; The duplicitous man duplicated dollars and gave the counterfeits to unsuspecting vendors. deliberately deceptive
fabricate; Fabio fabricated the story. to make up in order to deceive
fallacy; The idea that there is only one college for you is a fallacy. a false notion
mendacious; John's mendacious statements on the stand sealed his fate; he was found guilty of lying to the court about his role in the crime. lying; untruthful
specious; Susie's specious argument seemed to make sense, but when I looked more closely, it was clearly illogical having the ring of truth or plausibility but actually false
ambiguous;Big's eyes were an ambiguous color: in some lights, brown, and in others, green. open to more than one interpretation
ambivalent; Amy felt ambivalent about her dance class: on one hand she enjoyed the exercise, but on the other, the chohice of dances bored her. simultaneously feeling opposing feelings; uncertain
apathetic; The apathetic students didn't even bother to vote for class president. feeling or showing little emotion
capricious; The referee's capricious behavior angered the players; he would call a four for minor contact, but ignore elbowing and kicking. impulsive and unpredictable
equivocal; The politican made so many equivocal statements during the scandal that no one could be sure what, if anything he had admitted to. open to two or more interpretations and often intended to mislead; ambiguous (antonym: unequivocal)
erratic; Erroll's erratic behavior made it difficult for his friends to predict what he would do in a given moment. markedly inconsistent
impetuous; Mr. Limpet was so impetuous that we never knew what he would do next. suddenly and forcefully energietic or emotional; impulsive and passionate
impetus; A looming deadline provided Imelda with the impetus she needed to finish her research paper. an impelling force or stimulus
sporadic; Storms in Florida are sporadic; it's hard to prdict when they're going to occur. occuring at irregular intervals; having no pattern or order in time
vacillate; the cook vacillated between favoring chicken and preferring fish; he just couldn't decide which to prepare. to sway from one side to the other; oscillate
whimsical; Egbert rarely behaved as expected; indeed, he was a whimsical soul whose every decision was anybody's guess. characterized by whim; unpredictable
flag(v.); After several few days climbing mountains in pouring rain, our enthusiasm for the biking trip began to flag. to decline in vigor or strength; to tire; to droop
jaded; Jade's experiences had jaded her; she no longer believed that the junk stacked in her garage was going to make her rich. worn out; wearied
ingenous; Janine was so ingenuous that it was too easy for her friends to dupe her. lacking in cunning, guile, or worldliness (antonym: disingenuous)
subterfuge; The submarine pilots were trained in the art of subterfuge; they were excellent at faking out their enemies a deceptive stratagem or device
surreptitious; Sara drank the cough syrup surreptitiously because she didn't want anyone to know that she was sick. secretive; sneaky
dearthy; There was a dearth of money in my piggybank; it collected dust, not bills. scarce supply; lack
modicum; a modicum of effort may result in a small socore improvement; to improve significantly, however, you must study as often as possible. a small, moderate, or token amount
paucity; The struggling city had a paucity of jobs and therefore a high level of poverty. smallness in number; scarcity
squander; Carrie squandered her savings on shoes and wasn't able to buy her apartment. to spend wastefully
temperate; Temperate climates rarely experience extremes in temperature. moderate; restrained (antonym: intemperate)
tenuous; Her grasp on reality is tenuous at best; she's not even sure what year it is. having little substance or strength; shaky
diligent; with diligent effort, they were able to finish the model airplane in record time. marked by painstaking effort; hardworking
maverick; In the movie TOP GUN, Tom Cruise played a maverick who often broke rules and did things his own way. one who is independent and resists adherence to a group
mercenary; Mercer is a mercenary lawyer; he'll argue for whichever side pays him the most for his services motivated solely by a desire for money or material gain
obstinate; Despite Jeremy's broken leg, his parents were obstinate; they steadfastly refused to buy him an XBOX. stubbornly attached to an opinion or a course of action
proliferate; Because fax machines, pagers, and cell phones have proliferated in recent years, many new area codes have been created to handle the demand for phone numbers. to grow or increase rapidly
tenacity; With his overwhelming tenacity, Clark was finally able to interview Brad Pitt for the school newspaper persistence
vigilant; The participants of the candlelight vigil were vigilant, as they had herad that the fraternity across the street was planning to egg them on the alert; watchful
extraneous; The book, though interesting, had so much extraneous information that it was hard to keep track of the important points. irrelevant; inessential
juxtapose;Separately the pictures look identical, but if you juxtapose them, you can see the differences. to place side by side, especially for comparison or contrast
superflous; if there is sugar in your tea, honey would be superflous. extra; unnecessary
synergy; The synergy of hydrogen and oxygen creates water. compined action or operation
tangential; Though Abby's paper was well written, its thesis was so tangential to its proof that her teacher couldn't give her a good grade. merely touching or slightly connected; only superficially relevant
aesthetic; Aesthetic considerations determined the arrangement of paintings at the museum; as long as art looked good together, it didn't matter who had painted it. having to do witih the appreciation of beauty
aural; It should come as no surprise that musicians prefer aural to visual leraning. of or related to the ear or the sense of hearing
cacophony; Brian had to shield his ears from the awful cacophony produced by the punk band onstage. discordant, unpleasant noise
dirge; The dirge was so beatiful that everyone cried, even those who hadn't known the deceased a funeral hymn or lament
eclectic; Lou's taste in music is quite eclectic; he listens to everything from rap to polka made up of a variety of sources or styles
incongruous; my chicken and jello soup experiment failed; the tastes were just too incongruous lacking in harmony; incompatible
sonorous; My father's sonorous snoring keeps me up all night unless I close my door and wear earplugs. producing a deep or full sound
strident; The strident shouting dept the neighbors awake all night. loud, harsh, grating, or shrill
debacle; Jim's interview was a complete debacle; he accidentally locked himself in the bathroom, sneezed on the interviewer multiple times, and knocked over the president of the company. disastrous or ludicrous defeat or failure; fiasco
debilitate; Deb ran the NYC marathon without proper training; the experience left her debilitated for weeks. impair the strength of; weaken
tumultuous; The tumultuous applause was so deafening that the pianist couldn't hear the singer noisy and disorderly
anachronistic; I noticed an anachronism in the museum's ancien Rome display: a digital clock ticking behind a statue of Venus the representation of something as existing or happening in the wrong time period
archaic; "How dost though?" is an archaic way of saying "How are you?" characteristic of anearlier time; antiquated; old
dilatory; Always waiting until the last moment to leave home in the morning, Dylan was a dilatory student. habitually late
ephemeral; The importance of SAT scores is truly ephemeral; when you are applying they are crucial, but once you get into college, no on cares how well you did. lasting for only a brief time
redolent; The aroma of apple pie wafted into my room, redolent of weekendes spent baking with my grandmother. fragrant; aromatic; suggestive
temporal; One's enjoyment of a Starbuck's mocha latte is bound by temporal limitations; all too soon, the latte is gone. of, relating to, or limited by time
onerous; The onerous task was so difficult that Ona thought she'd never get through it. troublesome or oppressive; burdensome
portent; A red morning sky is a terrible portent for all sailors- it means that stormy seas are ahead. indication of something important or calamitous about to occur; omen
prescience; Preetha's prescience was such that people wondered if she was psychic; how else could she know so much about the future? knowledge of actions or events before they occur; foreknowledge; foresight
austere without decoration; strict
banal; Poet's imagery is so banal that i think she cribbed her work from POETRY FOR DUMMIES. drearily commonplace; predictable; trite
hackneyed; All Hal could offer in the way of advice were hackneyed old phrases that I'd heard a hundred times before worn out through overuse; trite
insipid; That insipid movie was so predictable that i walked out. uninteresting; unchallenging; lacking taste or savor
prosaic; Rebecca made a prosaic mosaic consisting of identical, undecorated tiles. unimaginative; dull (antonym: poetic)
soporific; The congressman's speech was so soporific that even his cat was yawning. inducing or tending to induce sleep
vapid; Valerie's date was so vapid that she thought he was sleeping with his eyes open. lacking liveliness, animation, or interest; dull
brevity; the quality or state of being brief in duration
expedient; It was more expedient to use Federal Express that to use the post office. appropriate to a purpose; convenient; speedy
transient; Jack enjoyed his transient lifestyle; with nothing but the clothes on his back and the air in his lungs, he was free to travel wherever he wanted. passing quickly in time or space
augment; The model Angele Franju is rumored to have augmented her studies in chemistry with a minor in German literature. to make greater, as in size, extent, or quantity ; to supplement
bolster; The class bolstered Amelia's confidence; she had no idea she already knew so much. to hearten, support or prop up
burgeon; The burgeoning Burgess family required a new house because its old one only had one beroom. to grow and flourish
copious; She took copious notes during clas, using up five large notebooks plentiful; having a large quantity
distend; The balloon distended as if was filled with helium, much like Mike's stomach after he ate an entire turkey on Thanksgiving. to swell out or expand from internal pressure, as when overly full
grandiose; the party was a grandiose affair; hundreds of richly dressed guests danced the night away. great in scope or intent; grand
prodigious; Spielberg's prodigious talent has made him the most successful film producer and director of our time. enormous
profundity; Actor's profundity surprised the director, who had heard that he was a bit of an airhead. great depth of intellect, feeling or meaning
redouble; Rita redoubled her efforts to become president of her class by campaigning twice as hard to before. to make twice as great; to double
scintillating; The writer's scintillating narrative diverted Izabel's attention away from her other guests. brilliant
averse; Ava proved so averse to homework that she would break out in hives at the mere mention of it. strongly disinclined
conspicuous easy to notice; obvious
demure; Muriel was the most dumure girl in the class, always sitting quietly in the back of the room downplaying any compliments she received. modest and reserved
diffidence; Lea's diffident nature often prevented her from speaking out in class. timidity or shyness
docile;The SAT class was so docile that the teacher wondered if she was in the right room. submissive to instruction; willing to be taught
innocuous; Plants are innocuous as they look; we suffer no ill effects from eating their leaves. having no adverse effect; harmless
placid; Lake Placid was the place to go for those in need of a quiet vacation. calm or quiet; undisturbed
quiescent; Quinn's quiescent behavior made him an ideal roommate. quiet, still, or at rest; inactive
concord; Thec class was in concord about the necessity to perform HAMLET, rather than KING LEAR, in the spring show. agreement (antonym: discord)
concur; the board concurred that the con artist who had stolen their money had to be convicted. to agree
dogmatic; Avik was dogmatic in his belief that the power lines were giving his dog headaches. stubbornly attached to insufficiently proven beliefs
fastidious; Kelly, always so fastidious, dramatically edited our group's report. carefully attentive to detail; difficult to please
intransigence; Jeff was so intransigent in his views that it was impossible to have a rational debate with him. refusal to moderate a position or to compromise
jocular; Yung-Ji's jocular disposition helped him gain popularity characterized by or given to joking
meticulous; Since Kelly was so meticulous, we asked her to proofread our group's report. extremely careful and precise
affable; My mom always said that the key to being affable is the ability to make others laugh. easy-going; friendly
alacrity; I was so happy when i got the acceptance letter from the University of Alaska that I sprinted home with great alacricty to share the good news. promptness in response; cheerful readiness; eagerness
amiable friendly; agreeable; good-natured
benign; Uncle Ben is a benign and friendly man who is always willing to help. kind and gentle
sanguine; Harold's sanguine temperament kept him cheerful, even through somber times cheerfully confident; optimistic
belligerent; eager to fight; hostile or aggressive
byzantine; I gave up trying to understand the byzantine tax code and had an accountant file my taxes for me. extremely complicated or devious
cantankerous ill-tempered and quarrelsome; disagreeable
contentious; The contentious debate over sience class content is increasingly making the news. quarrelsome
deleterious; The snake venom is deleterious to one's health. having a harmful effect
exacerbate; Alan's procrastination were exacerbated by the monkey's thrown bananas. to increase the severity, violence, or bitterness of; aggravate
flippant; Flap's flippant remarks to the teacher got him sent to the principal's office. disrespectfully humorous or casual
insolent; The insolent prime minister stuck her tongue out at the queen. insulting in manner or speech
nefarious; Dorothy's kindness and bravery triumphed over the nefarious antics of the Wicked Witch of the West. flagrantly wicked; vicious
pernicious; The fertilizer's pernicious effects were not immediately obvious, but researchers became suspicious when all their petunias died. extremely or irrevocably harmful; deadly
rancorous; They had such a rancorous relationship that no one could believe that they had ever gotten along. marked by bitter, deep-seated ill-will
repugnant; The pug's behavior at the dog park was repugnant, causing other dogs to avoid him altogether. arousing disgust or aversion; offensive or repulsive
tawdry; Connor's tawdry attire embarrassed his snooty host. gaudy and cheap
arboreal; The Rocky Mountain National Forest will celebrate its arboreal splendor with an Arbor Day concert. relating to or resembling a tree or trees
invocation (n); The group invoked the god of war as their protector on the field of battle. a call (usually upon a higher power)for assistance, support, or inspiration
stratify; Jonas studied the stratified bedrock and was able to see which time periods went with which layers. to layer or separate into layers
variegated; The wood's markings were so variegated that Mr. Vargas assumed they had been painted on. having streaks, marks, or patches of a different color or colors; varicolered
verdant; The garden was verdant after the rain. green with vegetation
abstruse; Abby found her professor's lecture on non-Euclidian geometry abstruse; she doubted anyone else in class understood it either. difficult to understand
callous; Callie's callous remark about her friend's cluttered room really hurt his feelings. emotionally hardened; unfeeling
convoluted; THe directions were so convoluted taht we became hopelessly lost. intricate; complex
enigma; The emu was an enigma; you could never tell what it was thinking. a puzzle, mystery, or riddle
inscrutable; The ancient poet's handwriting was so inscrutable, that even the most prominent Latin scholars could not read the manuscript. difficult to fathom or understand; impenetrable
reticent; Rosanna's reticent behavior caused the interviewer to think her incapable of conversing with other students. inclined to keep silent; reserved
staid; Mr. Estado was well known for his staid demeanor; he stayed calm even when everyone else celebrated the team's amazing victory. unemotional; serious
arcane; The dusty archive includes an arcane treasure trove of nautical charts from the Age of Discovery. known or understood by only a few
assimilate; Keisha assimilated so quickly at her new school that she was named head of the social committee a month after enrolling. to absorb or become absorbed; to make or become similar
autonomy; Candice gained autonomy upon moving out of her parents' house into her own apartment. independence; self-determination
cosmopolitan; Inga was surprisingly cosmopolitan considering that she had never left her tiny hometown in Norway. worldly; widely sophisticated
derivative (n); Special Victims Unit and Criminal Intent are derivatives of the original Law and Order drams series something that comes from another source
entourage; Top celebrities travel with extensive entourages, which often include security guards, assistants, stylists, managers, and publicists. a group of attendants or associates; a retinue
esoteric; Esme's play is extremely esoteric; someone not raised in Estonia would find it difficult to follow. intended for or understood by only a small group
gaffe; Geoff committed the gaff of telling his date that he'd gone out with her sister the night before. a clumsy social error; a faux pas
idiosyncrasy; She had many idiosyncrasies, one of which was washing her socks in the dishwasher. characteristic peculiar to an individual or group
insular; The family was so insular that no one else could get near them. isolated; narrow or provincial
orthodox; My father held orthodox view of baseball; he believed that the field should be outside and made of real grass. adhering to the traditional and established, especially in religion
potentate; An omnipotent potentate is a person to be reckoned with; great power in the hands of a great leader is a powerful combination. one who has the power and position to rule over others; monarch
Created by: pakamor