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PHHS - APHUG Unit 7

PHHS - APHUG: Important vocab for Unit 7 - Cities and Urban Land Use

QuestionAnswer
world's largest metropolitan area Tokyo
rural settlement pattern where people live with large spaces in between one another dispersed
rural settlement paterrn where people live with small spaces in between one another clustered
urban location close to raw materials resource node
urban location close to transportation routes transportation node
the natural, physical characteristics that describe a place site
the location of a place relative to another location situation
concept of providing goods and servies urban function
the series of central places starting with hamlets, and increasing in size, all the way up to megacities urban hierarchy
service areas that surrounds cities hinterlands
urban model that describes a city as being divided into circular sections inside of one another Concentric Zone Model
founder of the Concentric Zone Model Ernest Burgess, 1920s
urban model that describes a city as being divided into wedges that extend out from the city center, towards the city periphery Sector Model
founder of the Sector Model Homer Hoyt, 1930s
urban model that describes a city that has more than one CBD Multiple Nuclei Model
founders of the Multiple Nuclei Model Harris and Ullman, 1940s
urban model that describes a city with a service-based economy Galactic City Model
urban model that describes a colonial-era city in Central or South America Latin American City Model
Theory that urban areas in the urban hierarchy will each have an interlocking, hexagonal-shaped hinterland corresponding to the place's size. The hinterlands of all urban places in the urban hierarchy are then superimposed to form the model. Central Place Theory
created Central Place Theory Walter Christaller
low-density areas at the periphery of cities where land use is disaggregated surburbs
suburbs grew rapidly after this major conflict World War II
the encroachment of suburbs onto previously undeveloped land surburban sprawl
the movement of predominantly white Americans from the inner-cities to suburbs in the 1950s and 1960s white flight
Surburban areas that have become so built-up that they are almost cities in their own right. Have large amounts of retail/office space, no identified city government, and lack of cultural amenities. edge cities
neighborhood with only one cultural group present ethnic neighborhood
refusal of banks to grant loans to people living in certain neighborhoods redlining
any instance where race affects how a potential homebuyer is treated racial steering
a form of racial steering where a black family would be sold a home in a white neighborhood in hopes of encouraging the other families in the neighborhood to sell their homes blockbusting
community laws created to prevent the sale of homes to certain demographic groups restrictive covenants
the process of reinvesting in poorer, run-down urban neighborhboods gentrification
the largest city in a country that also meets rank-size rule requirements primate city
a city that is the center of international banking and commerce world city
city with a population of over 10 million people megacity
two or more cities that have grown so large that they have merged together over time megalopolis
a city established before the start of the Renaissance in Europe (1400) medieval city
a city in a former colony that was the center of trade, or colonial administration colonial city
a city located on a river at the point where up-river travel is no longer possible; often important break-of-bulk points fall-line city
important point of entry for immigrants to a country gateway city
profitable port city due to goods being imported, then exported at higher prices entrepot
concept of cities being able to maintain acceptable levels of pollution and funding urban sustainability
the concept of cities integrating different activities in the same spaces (for example, through multi-use buildings) New Urbanism
CBD central business district
Created by: pdeanna