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JB anatom & Phys

Bones in the body

axial skeleton consists of head, back, and chest
appendicular skeleton consists of pectoral girdle, pelvic girdle upper extremity and lower extremity
The frontal, temporal, parietal, occipital, ethmoid and sphenoid are bones in the______________ skull (cranium)
The 6 bones in the face are: mandibular, zygomatic, lacrimal, nasal, palatine, and inferior nasal conchae
The 3 bones in the ear are: malleus, incus, and stapes
The hyoid bone is a u-shaped ________bone in the neck to which the tongue and other muscles are attached free-floating
vetebral column consists of: cervical (neck), thoracis, lumba, sacrum (back of pelvis), and coccyx
Thorax consists of: sternum and 21 pairs of ribs
The appendicular skeleton consists of: pectoral girdle, upper extremities, pelvic girdle, lower extremities
pectoral girdle clavicle, scapula
upper extremities humerous, ulna, and radius; wrist (carpals): scaphoid, lutate, triquetrum, pisiform, trapazium, trapezoid, capitate, and humate; metacarpals (5) and phalanges (14)
pelvic girdle (os coxa):
lower extremity: femur patella (knee cap), tibia, and fibula, ankle (tarsals):navicular talus, calcaneus, cuneiforms (3), and cuboid; and metatarsals (5), phalanges (14)
bone markings fossa, sinus, foramen, projections for muscle attachment
fossa depression (acetabulum, glenoid
sinus cavity in a bone lined with mucous membranes (maxilla, sphenoid, ethmoid, frontal)
foramen (window) opening through a bone, as the foramen magnum in the occipital bone for passgae of the spinal cord
projections for muscle attachment trocanter on the femus, crest of the tibia, and spinous process on the vertebrae
movements of joints abduction, adduction, flexion, extension, inversion, eversion, supination, pronation, circumduction, dorsiflexion, planterflexion
abduction move away from the midline
adduction move toward the midline
flexion bending, decreases the angle between articulating bones
extension straightening; increases the angle between articulating bones
inversion turning in
eversion turning out
supination palm up; supine: face up
pronation palm down; prone face down
circumduction moving the distal end of an extremity to make a circle
dorsiflexion toes pointed up
planterflexion toes pointed down
bursa sac filled with fluid designed to prevent frictionat a joint
ligaments tough connective tissue that secures bone to bone
tendon tough connective tissue that connects muscle to bone
Created by: schxoxo



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