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Russian Revolution1

QuestionAnswer
Nicholas II -tsar of Russia -selfish -din't want to give power to serfs
Tsar -emperor
Serfs -they were property of their owner -like slaves -sometimes worked in farms -1861 serfdom was ended
Tsar Alexander II -1861 ended serfdom to prevent revolution
Change for freed serfs -given small plots of land -had to pay heavy taxes -many gave up land to move to cities -the cities populations then exploded
St. petersburg -capitol -filled with pollution and dirt in rural areas -although some areas are beautiful -many serfs migrated there
"Bloody Sunday" -strike that led to deaths and injuries -led by priests -on January 22 1905 -Nicholas was then called "Bloody Nicholas"
Duma -Russia's new parliament -the tsar refused changes that he promised -tried to make Russia more of a democratic -Duma and tsar struggled for 12 years
Russia in World War I -army suffered defeat after defeat -over a million troops died -some soldiers were sent without weapons because factories were unable to provide enough -the railroads carried supplies to the soldiers
March of 1917 -snow and ice prevented farmers from bringing crops to markets. -poor bought bread which led to less bread for the poor -riots led to revolution -soldiers turned against tsar
post-tsar Russia (after-tsar) -Duma chose new leaders -Bread shortness -low wages
Bolsheviks -most successful political group -lead by lawyer Lenin
Lenin -lawyer -demanded workers control government -leader of Bolsheviks -studied Karl Marx -demanded 2nd revolution
Bolshevik Revolution -unable to win in elections so the seized government by force -overthrew Duma in November 1917 -millions died
Opposition to Revolution -many opposed Bolshevik rule -many's wealth disappeared -religious groups opposed because Bolsheviks closed churches -war broke out between Bolsheviks and enemies
Created by: megan_crews