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Junior Med Tech Nerv

Nervous System

QuestionAnswer
Directs sensory impulse to the cerebrum Thalmus
Regulates and controls the autonomic system Hypothalmus
Resonsible for certain reflexes: chewing, tasting, saliva and assist with respiration PONS
Lowest part of brain stem Medulla Oblongata
Regulates heart beat, respiration, swallowing, coughing Medulla Oblongata
Located below the cerebrum Mid brain
membranes that cover and protect the brain and spinal cord Meninges
thick, touch outer membrane of the meninges Dura mater
Middle layer of the meninges, delicate and weblike arachnoid
inner most layer of the meninges pia mater
The four hollow spaces of the brain filled with CSF The Ventricles
Fluid that circulates between the ventricles of the brain and spinal cord Cerebral Spinal Fluid (CSF)
Serves as a shock absorber to protect the brain CSF
Consists of somatic and autonomic nervous system Peripheral Nervous System
Maintains involuntary function of the body, allows body to react in times of emergency Autonomic Nervous System
Fight or flight Sympathetic Nervous System
Rest and Digest Parasympathetic Nervous System
Associated with voluntary control of the body Somatic Nervous System
Basic structural unit of the nervous system Neuron
Receives information(part of neuron) Dendrite
Transmits information (part of neuron) Axon terminals
Located at the end of each axon, allow impulses to transfer from one neuron to the next Neurotransmitters
sensory nerves, carry information to the brain Afferent
Motor nerves, carry messages from the brain and spinal cord to the muscles and glands Efferent
Nerves carry both sensory and motor messges associative
Space between two neurons synapse
Part of the brain responsible for balance, posture and coordination Cerebellum
Part of the brain responsible for hearing, speech and memory temporal lobe
Part of the brain responsible for pain, heat,touch, motor and sensory Parietal lobe
Part of the brain responsible for emotions, personality, intellect and speech Frontal lobe
Part of the brain responsible for visiual association and vision reception Occipital Lobe
Carries nutrients to some parts of the brain and spinal cord CSF
Continues from Medulla Oblongata to 1-2nd lumbar vertebrae Spinal Cord
Created by: Ms. Blair