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Ward First Aid 2


How to control bleeding? Direct pressure to injury
Artery Has o2 bright red
Vein Has no o2 Dark red
Dressing Goes over injury
Bandage Over the dressing
Internal Bleeding Inside Body, dangerous cause cant be seen for treatment
External Bleeding Outside body, can be seen for treatment
Arterial Bleeding Can kill you in mins, bleeding from arteries. requires more pressure cause bleeding is rapid.
Veinous Bleeding Can't kill you, unless your an hemophilia. Bleeding is very slow.
Purpose & Function of blood: Transports (nutrients,CO2,O2) Immune System Warmth
Solid Blood RBC(55%), WBC(1%), Platelets(1%)
Liquid Blood Plasma(45%)
Plasma Yellowish and nutrient stored
Erythrocytes RED blood cells
Leukocytes WHITE blood cells
Thrombocytes PLATELETS clotting factors
How much blood is in BODY? 6Liters
Vascular System Arteries(o2)->Arterioles(o2)->Capillaries(o2/CO2)->Venules(CO2)->Veins(CO2)
Differences Between Arteries and Veins: Arteries: o2, goes away from heart, larger, greater blood volume, high BP, Rapid bleeding, Brighter RED. Veins: CO2, To heart, Smaller, less blood volume, lower BP, slow bleeding, Darker Red
Perfusion adequate blood flow
Ischema Inadequate blood flow
Shock: The reduction of blood flow
Cause for shock Blood pressure, hunger, Heat, fever, blood lost untreated shock can kill you
Treatment for Shock 1. take care of cause 2. Make victim comfortable 3.Do not give victim food or dink 4. Monitor ABCs 5. Call 911
Factors to injuries Age, Technology, Gender
Anaphylatic Shock allergenic reaction
Cardiogenic Shock Heart attack
Injuries: Mechanical Force that is directed to the body and also indirect force such as catching yourself. Also twisting and contracting 75%
Injuries: Burns Thermal(heat) Radiation (Sunburn) Chemical Electrical
Open Wounds: Bleeding, Shock, Infection(tetanus), Abrasions, Lascerations, Punctures, Avulsions, Amputations, tourniquet
Close wounds: Shock, Contusions(Bruises)
Factor Effect Severity: What?, How HOT?, Length of Exposure, Location, Surface Area, Age/Health
Treatment of a Burn: *Cool it, with cool water not cold water *if blistered dont POP 2nd degree *Dont clean 3rd degree burn *Dont put grease on oil on burn *Dont remove clothing if clothes are embedded in.
Classification of BURN 1st: Minor burn, effect only one layer of skin (epidermis) 2-3 day
Classification of BURN 2nd: Moderate burn, 2 layers of skin, Red/painful blister 2-3week heal
Classification of BURN 3rd: Major burn,3 layers (hypodemis)may require skin grafts
Heat/Thermal/friction: cool it, if 2nd degree dont pop blisters
Radiation: Cool it,if degree dont pop blisters
chemical: Determine what form is the chemical? The strength? If wet saturate with WATER. If DRY chemical, Dont put water on it cause chemical to react.
Electrical: Electricity has as entrance and exit. May cause SHOCK
Contusion is a brain injury that maybe caused by external but with internal effect. Can cause you to see stars and blackout.
Splinting REASONS Why? To prevent movement, minimize pain, prevent more damage
Type of SPLINTING: Soft, Hard, Anatomical
Musculo-Skeletal 1.Provides movement 2.Creates form or shape 3.Protection
Type of Injuries: Fractures, Disclosures, Sprains, Strains
PRICES Prevention,Rest,Ice,Compression,Elevation, Support
Different Bones: Long(Femur),Short(Sternum),Flat(Pelvic), Irregular(Cranium)
Spinal Column (top to bottom) 1.Cervical (C1-C7) 2.Thoracic (T1-T12) 3.Lumbar (L1-L5) 4-5. Sacrum/Coccyx (SC1-SC9)
Paralysis is loss of muscle function for one or more muscles
QUADRIPLEGIC one affected with paralysis of both arms and both legs
Created by: abbywells10
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