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JB Metric System

Metric System Review

Metric System There are three basic units
The basic unit of length meter (m)
The basic unit of weight Gram (Gm or g)
The basic unit of volume liter (l)
kilo 1000 times the basic unit
centi one hundredth (0.01) of the basic unit
milli one thousandth (0.001) of the basic unit
micro one millionth (0.000001) of the basic unit
The units of the metric system most frequently encountered in medicine are as followed Length (meter), weight (gram), volume (liter)
abbreviation for liter l
abbreviation for meter m
abbreviation for gram Gr or g
centimeter = 0.01 m (100cm equals 1 m)
millimeter = 0.001 m (1000mm equals 1 m)
milliliter 0.001 m (1000ml equals 1 m)
1 ml is equivalent to 1 cubic centimeter or cc
kilogram 1000 Gm
milligram 0.001 Gm (1000 mg = 1 Gm)
microgram (mcg) 0.000001 Gm or 0.001 mg (1,000,000 mcg = 1Gm and 1000 mcg = 1 mg(1000 mg = 1 Gm)
1 tsp 5 ml
1 tbsp 15 ml or 3 tsp
cupful or glassful 240 ml or 8 fl ounces
minim (m) .06 ml (1 drop of water)
dram (dr) 5 ml (1 tsp)
ounce (oz) 30 ml (2 tbsp)
pint (pt) 480 ml (16 ounces or 2 cups)
quart (qy) 32 ounces (2 pints)
grain (gr) exactly 64.8 mg (approx. 60-65 mg)
1 meter 39 inches
1 inch 2.5 cm
1 gram 15 gr
1 pound 454 Gm
1 kg 2.2 pounds
1 ml 16 minims
1 minum 0.06 ml
unit (u) an amount of a drug possessing a defines amount of pharmacological activity (useful for drugs thatare not 100% pure)
milliequivelant (mEq) a way of expressing the dose of electrolytes based on the number of atoms of an element desired
units of temperature Celsius and Fahrenheit
0 degree Celsius freezing
37 degree Celsius Body temperature
100 degree Celsius Boiling
121 degree Celsius Thermal death (spores)
32 degree Fahrenheit freezing
98.6 degree Fahrenheit body temperature
212 degree Fahrenheit boiling
250 degree Fahrenheit thermal death (spores)
To convert Celsius to Fahrenheit multiply Celsius by 9/5 and add 32 Formula (C times 9/5) + 32 = F
To convert Fahrenheit to Celsius, subtract 32 from Fahrenheit an multiply by 5/9 Formula (F minus 32 times 9/5 = c
Created by: schxoxo