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Legal System

QuestionAnswer
Procedure whereby a certain number of voters may, by petition, propose a law or constitutional amendment and have it submitted to the voters. Initiative
The name given to the political process in which the general public votes on an issue of public concern. Referendum
Election in which voters choose the candidates from each party who will run in the general election. Primary Election
An election held to choose which candidate will hold office. General Election
The jurisdiction of courts that hear a case first, usually in a trial. These are the courts that determine the facts about a case. Original Jurisdiction
The jurisdiction of courts to hear a case on appeal; law has been applied unfairly or incorrectly. Appealate Jurisdiction
The jurisdiction that exists when a case can be heard only in a particular court or type of court. Exclusive Jurisdiction
The authority to hear cases is shared by federal & state courts. Concurrent Jurisdiction
Calendar showing cases the court will hear. Court Docket
A government official who conducts criminal prosecutions on behalf of the state. Prosecutor
A person or party filing a lawsuit in a civil trial. Plaintiff
The legal system that allows an accused person to be temporarily released from custody (usually on condition that a sum of money guarantees their appearance at trial). Bail
Formal words spoken or written by a jury that charge a person with a crime. Indictment
A local official exercising administrative and often judicial functions. Magistrate
State law enforcement (investigates felonies and works with local law enforcement). SBI
Business-sponsored nonprofit organization providing information on local companies to consumers. Better Business Bureau
Created by: sweitzern2