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Holzshu Civics CE2
Constitution and the 3 Branches of Govt.
|Consent of the governed
|The people are the source of any and all governmental power.
|Government is not all-powerful and may do only those things the people have given it the power to do.
|Rule of law
|The government and those who govern are bound by the law
|the people rule.
|the people elect public officeholders to make laws and conduct government on the people’s behalf.
|The charters of the Virginia Company of London
|guaranteed the rights of Englishmen to the colonists.
|The Virginia Declaration of Rights
|served as a model for the Bill of Rights of the
|The Declaration of Independence
|stated grievances against the king of Great Britain
|another word for complaints
|The US Colonies
|declared their independence from Great Britain
|“certain unalienable rights”
|life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness
|The Articles of Confederation
|established the first form of national government for the independent states
|Problems with the Articles of Confederation
|it created weak central government (e.g., no power to tax or enforce laws)
|The Constitution followed
|the Articles of Confederation in 1789
|The Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom stated
|freedom of religious beliefs and opinions.
|The Constitution established
|the structure of the United States government
|Bill of Rights
|protected the fundamental freedoms of religion, speech, press, assembly, and petition.
|The Preamble begins,
|“We the People,”
|The Preamble expresses
|the reasons the constitution was written.
|Preamble phrase of why the Constitution is needed
|To form a more perfect union
|Preamble phrase of why we need a court system
|To establish justice
|Preamble phrase to keep the peace
|To ensure domestic tranquility
|Preamble phrase of why we need a military
|To provide for the common defense
|Preamble phrase of why we need to help the needy
|To promote the general welfare
|Preamble phrase the means children, and future generations.
|The amendment process is
|The number of amendments in the Constitution
|US Constitution Amendment process: –
|Proposal: action by Congress or convention, and Ratification: by the states
|to affirm or approve
|Virginia Constitution Amendment process:
|Proposal: action by General Assembly or convention – Ratification: by voters of Virginia
|General Assembly definition
|the state legislative (lawmaking) body
|enforces or carries out the law
|interprets the law
|makes the laws
|Leader of the Executive Branch
|Leader of the Judicial Branch
|Leader of the Legislative Branch
|President of the United States
|Legislative Branch with 100 members
|House of Representatives
|Number of Reps is based on the state’s population
|means makes decisions about
|Article I is about
|Article II is about
|Article III is about
|Who can make a law?
|Override a veto
|takes a 2/3 majority
|Another word for the president is
|The President appoints
|judges, ambassadors and cabinet members
|Who makes the budget?
|Who approves the budget?
|Only Congress can declare
|1st Step in Lawmaking:
|introduction of a bill by a congressman
|2nd Step in Lawmaking:
|bill goes to committee
|3rd Step in Lawmaking:
|Debate a bill
|4th Step in Lawmaking:
|Vote on a bill
|Last Step in Lawmaking:
|President signs a bill into law
|State of the Union
|Annual speech by the president
|Chief of State
|Presidential role of ceremonies
|Presidential role of head of the armed forces
|Presidential role as suggesting laws
|Presidential role in building America's foreign policy.
|Chief of Party
|Presidential role as leader of the political party