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Holzshu Civics CE2

Constitution and the 3 Branches of Govt.

Consent of the governed The people are the source of any and all governmental power.
Limited government Government is not all-powerful and may do only those things the people have given it the power to do.
Rule of law The government and those who govern are bound by the law
Democracy the people rule.
Representative government the people elect public officeholders to make laws and conduct government on the people’s behalf.
The charters of the Virginia Company of London guaranteed the rights of Englishmen to the colonists.
The Virginia Declaration of Rights served as a model for the Bill of Rights of the
The Declaration of Independence stated grievances against the king of Great Britain
another word for complaints grievances
The US Colonies declared their independence from Great Britain
“certain unalienable rights” life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness
The Articles of Confederation established the first form of national government for the independent states
Problems with the Articles of Confederation it created weak central government (e.g., no power to tax or enforce laws)
The Constitution followed the Articles of Confederation in 1789
The Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom stated freedom of religious beliefs and opinions.
The Constitution established the structure of the United States government
Bill of Rights protected the fundamental freedoms of religion, speech, press, assembly, and petition.
The Preamble begins, “We the People,”
The Preamble expresses the reasons the constitution was written.
Preamble phrase of why the Constitution is needed To form a more perfect union
Preamble phrase of why we need a court system To establish justice
Preamble phrase to keep the peace To ensure domestic tranquility
Preamble phrase of why we need a military To provide for the common defense
Preamble phrase of why we need to help the needy To promote the general welfare
Posterity Preamble phrase the means children, and future generations.
The amendment process is complex.
The number of amendments in the Constitution 27 amendments
US Constitution Amendment process: – Proposal: action by Congress or convention, and Ratification: by the states
Ratification definition to affirm or approve
Amendment definition to change
Virginia Constitution Amendment process: Proposal: action by General Assembly or convention – Ratification: by voters of Virginia
General Assembly definition the state legislative (lawmaking) body
Executive Branch enforces or carries out the law
Judicial Branch interprets the law
Legislative Branch makes the laws
Leader of the Executive Branch President
Leader of the Judicial Branch Supreme Court
Leader of the Legislative Branch Congress
POTUS President of the United States
Bicameral Congress two houses/chambers
Senate Legislative Branch with 100 members
House of Representatives Number of Reps is based on the state’s population
Unconstitutional Definition means illegal
Cabinet Definition means advisors
Interpret Definition means makes decisions about
Article I is about Legislative Branch
Article II is about Executive Branch
Article III is about Judicial Branch
Who can make a law? Congressman/woman
Veto means reject
Override a veto takes a 2/3 majority
impeachment means remove
Another word for the president is chief executive
The President appoints judges, ambassadors and cabinet members
Who makes the budget? Executive Branch
Who approves the budget? Legislative Branch
Only Congress can declare war
1st Step in Lawmaking: introduction of a bill by a congressman
2nd Step in Lawmaking: bill goes to committee
3rd Step in Lawmaking: Debate a bill
4th Step in Lawmaking: Vote on a bill
Last Step in Lawmaking: President signs a bill into law
State of the Union Annual speech by the president
Chief of State Presidential role of ceremonies
Commander-in-Chief Presidential role of head of the armed forces
Chief legislator Presidential role as suggesting laws
Chief Diplomat Presidential role in building America's foreign policy.
Chief of Party Presidential role as leader of the political party
Created by: erichholzshu
Popular American Government sets




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