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Judicial Branch

SOL CE6 Judicial Branch

The Virginian legislative branch is the General Assembly
The General Assembly structure is bicameral
The House of Delegates and the Virginia Senate make state laws (2 parts)
The Virginian executive is the governor
The governor appoints members of the Virginian cabinet, who oversee specific functions
The second executive of Virginia is the lieutenant governor
The Virginian judicial power comes from the Virginian Constitution
Virginian Supreme Court Highest court in Virginia
Virginian Court of appeals Gets appeals from Circuit Court
Virginian Circuit courts Hears state felony cases and high dollar civil cases
Virginian General District courts Hears misdemeanors and low dollar civil cases
Juvenile and Domestic Relations courts Hears child custody and divorce issues
New Jersey v. T.L.O. School officials are allowed to search students’ purses, to look for illegal substances.
Tinker v. Des Moines Students are allowed to wear black armbands to protest the Vietnam War
Brown v. Board of Education Integrated schools so that all races attend school based on where they live, not their race.
Korematsu v. USA Japanese are allowed to be sent to internment camps, as a result of suspicion of spying and attacks during WWII.
Gideon v. Wainwright Everybody is entitled to a lawyer, regardless if they can afford it or not.
Hazelwood v. Kuhlmeier School officials are allowed to edit what is in the student newspaper, limiting students’ first amendment rights.
Marbary v. Madison Established Judicial Review, so the Supreme Court can declare laws unconstitutional.
Plessy v. Ferguson Blacks are given separate facilities, to make sure they had the same quality of life as whites.
Miranda v. Arizona Confessions are not allowed to be used, until suspects have been read their rights.
US District Court All federal crimes and lawsuits are heard in this court.
US Court of Appeals This US Court hears appeals from US District Court.
US Supreme Court This court is the nation’s highest court.
Article III Constitutional article that gives the judicial branch its power.
US Constitution Supreme law of the land.
Judicial Review The right to declare laws “Unconstitutional”.
Unconstitutional Means “illegal”.
Justice A judge on the Supreme Court
Magistrate a lesser judge who can do some judge duties.
Prosecutor The lawyer who tries to prove the accused is guilty.
Arraignment A meeting to review evidence and enter a plea.
Indictment A formal charge.
Jury’s Role To determine if a fellow citizen is guilty or innocent.
Judge’s Role To determine the punishment for a guilty person.
Civil Case A case about money gained from an accident or a case about rights.
Criminal Case A case about a wrongful act that is committed on purpose.
Judicial Branch's Role To interpret the law.
5th Amendment Offers protection against the national government.
14th Amendment Offers protection against the state government.
Created by: erichholzshu