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Judicial Branch 2023
SOL CE6 Judicial Branch
|The Virginian legislative branch is the
|The General Assembly structure is
|The House of Delegates and the Virginia Senate
|make state laws (2 parts)
|The Virginian executive is
|The governor appoints members of the
|Virginian cabinet, who oversee specific functions
|The second executive of Virginia is the
|The Virginian judicial power comes from the
|Virginian Supreme Court
|Highest court in Virginia
|Virginian Court of appeals
|Gets appeals from Circuit Court
|Virginian Circuit courts
|Hears state felony cases and high dollar civil cases
|Virginian General District courts
|Hears misdemeanors and low dollar civil cases
|Juvenile and Domestic Relations courts
|Hears child custody and divorce issues
|New Jersey v. T.L.O.
|School officials are allowed to search students’ purses, to look for illegal substances.
|Tinker v. Des Moines
|Students are allowed to wear black armbands to protest the Vietnam War
|Brown v. Board of Education
|Integrated schools so that all races attend school based on where they live, not their race.
|Korematsu v. USA
|Japanese are allowed to be sent to internment camps, as a result of suspicion of spying and attacks during WWII.
|Gideon v. Wainwright
|Everybody is entitled to a lawyer, regardless if they can afford it or not.
|Hazelwood v. Kuhlmeier
|School officials are allowed to edit what is in the student newspaper, limiting students’ first amendment rights.
|Marbary v. Madison
|Established Judicial Review, so the Supreme Court can declare laws unconstitutional.
|Plessy v. Ferguson
|Blacks are given separate facilities, to make sure they had the same quality of life as whites.
|Miranda v. Arizona
|Confessions are not allowed to be used, until suspects have been read their rights.
|US District Court
|All federal crimes and lawsuits are heard in this court.
|US Court of Appeals
|This US Court hears appeals from US District Court.
|US Supreme Court
|This court is the nation’s highest court.
|Constitutional article that gives the judicial branch its power.
|Supreme law of the land.
|The right to declare laws “Unconstitutional”.
|A judge on the Supreme Court
|a lesser judge who can do some judge duties.
|The lawyer who tries to prove the accused is guilty.
|A meeting to review evidence and enter a plea.
|A formal charge.
|To determine if a fellow citizen is guilty or innocent.
|To determine the punishment for a guilty person.
|A case about money gained from an accident or a case about rights.
|A case about a wrongful act that is committed on purpose.
|Judicial Branch's Role
|To interpret the law.
|Offers protection against the national government.
|Offers protection against the state government.