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Unit 2: Government
|The U.S. Founding Fathers got the idea of what from the Greeks?
|What ancient civilization developed representative democracy?
|In what time period did the belief in Divine Right to rule by a king go away?
|Who developed the idea of the "social contract?"
|When population is too high for everyone to cast a vote on everything to be decided upon, it’s easier to choose representatives to cast votes for a larger group. This is called ____________________________________________________.
|Thomas Paine wrote “Common Sense” which argued that the British colonists should overthrow their king. He was inspired by who from the Enlightenment Era?
|Today, the idea from the Enlightenment time period of dividing the powers of government into different branches can be seen in what document?
|European Baron de Montequieu wrote of the benefits of ___________________ in a government into multiple branches during the Enlightenment Era.
|Separation of Powers
|Our Founding Fathers make reference to humans having ________________ in The Declaration of Independence written to the king of England.
|Today, the U.S. Constitution has the underlying principle of self-government through voting. This idea is also seen in the first plan of self-government found in the New World known as the ____________________.
|Weaknesses in the Articles of Confederation are due to the lack of power in the _______ government.
|The Articles of Confederation created a national currency problem because it allowed _____________ to print money.
|One major problem with the Articles of Confederation was due to the federal government not having the ability to____________.
|The Articles of Confederation created only what branch of government?
|Nothing could ever be fixed in the Articles of Confederation because it required what?
|A unanimous vote of yes
|The Articles of Confederation was done away with to create a constitution based on what form of government?
|_________________is the sharing of powers between a strong federal government and weaker state governments.
|Powers taken from the state governments and delegated to the federal government are called _______________powers.
|Powers that belong to the state are called ______________ powers.
|Powers not granted to any government and are retained by the people are called ________ powers.
|Because the constitution says that it is the federal government’s duty to regulate interstate trade, the regulation of airports allowing the importation and exportation of goods across the United States is a/an ___________ power.
|Alexander Hamilton felt the federal government had the right to create a national bank. This makes him a/an____________________.
|Because both the federal and state governments need an income to run government, the ability to tax is a ______________ power.
|The ability to sign treaties with foreign nations or declare war on foreign nations is a/an __________ power.
|The marriage laws in a state’s constitution may differ from state to state. This is possible because the creation of marriage laws is a ______________ power.
|The U.S. Constitution forbids any person from being declared royalty or nobility. The inability to do this is due to ____________ powers.
|The largest debate at the Constitutional Convention was over the issue of ____________ in the legislative branch.
|Today, the legislative branch consists of two houses. The upper house is the Senate with equal representation making __________ states happy.
|The creation of today’s legislative branch is the work of Connecticut delegate_________________.
|If two states have similar counts of their population, then they will have a/an __________ number of votes in the Senate and in the House of Representatives.
|The 3/5 Compromise solved debates by allowing southern states to count part of their population when determining ________________________.
|representation and taxation
|The Trade Compromise allowed for individual states to regulate trade within their state. Supporters of this policy are called ________________.
|Those who favored ratification of the new constitution were _________________.
|Those that opposed the new constitution called for a ___________________________________________.
|Bill of Rights
|Each time the Constitution in changed a/an _____________ is added.
|Enough states finally ratified the constitution after the 10th amendment which __________________ powers to the state governments to make laws and guarantee liberties not expressed in the federal constitution.
|The Founding Fathers wrote ______________________________ at the beginning of the Constitution explaining the reasons for writing it.
|To promote the general welfare, to ensure domestic tranquility and to provide for the common defense explains the need for _______________________________________________.
|To establish justice explains the need for how what branch of government?
|When the Southern states succeeded from the Union and formed the Confederate States of America, they based their government on the idea that power should reside in the state governments. This idea is reflected in what constitution?
|Articles of Confederation
|The best way to help a political party get into office is to _______________________for them.
|Income taxes are collected on what two levels?
|federal and state
|The following describes the legislative branch: bi-cameral, 2 houses, congress.
|bi-cameral 2-house congress
|What is the highest court of the United States?
|Federal Supreme Court.
|The number of seats a state gets in the House of Representatives is based on ___________.
|Louisiana has 7 US representatives, Louisiana has 9 members in the federal congress because each state has 2 ____________________.
|. When a president receives a bill he may approve, veto or __________ it.
|To ___________ a bill is to approve it without signing it.
|If the president vetoes a bill, the ____________ branch can override the veto.
|Another word for indirect democracy is ____________________.
|Parliament is a ___________branch of government.
|Each term for a president lasts __________years.
|____________________ are beneficial because they create infrastructure.
|A/an ___________ tax adds an extra tax on certain products to keep from taxing necessary products even more
|A strong federal government and weaker state governments is a system of government known as ____________.
|The judicial branch ruling a bill unconstitutional is an example of __________________
|checks and balances
|As citizens we have all of the following ____________: obey laws, pay taxes and attend school.
|. The statement in the preamble, “_______________,” means the federal government must keep peace among the people of our nation.
|to ensure domestic tranquility
|The U.S. census is taken every _________ years.
|An example of a ____________group would be an environmentalist.
|special interest group
|An example of a peaceful way to resolve a political conflict (civil disobedience) is to ___________.
|When the American colonies refused to purchase tea from England they were ________________.
|The creation of our two house legislature is an example of a ______________.
|To become a citizen, one must go through the ______________.
|Article 6 of the US Constitution states that the federal government has ______________ over the states.
|. The only political office requiring the person holding it to be born in the US is the ____________.
|The president must be at least ______years old and may only serve 2 terms of 4 years each.
|A request from a local government for higher __________ is typically used to fund public schools.
|. A senator must be at least 30 and may serve an unlimited number of ________ year terms.
|Most of the rights in the Bill of Rights have to do with ______________.
|the rights of the accused