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Foy Gov Part 1

QuestionAnswer
Person or group of people who make the rules or laws for everyone else in a nation. government
Two ways leaders can be chosen: by the people or use force to take charge
Government in which the power to govern is held by one person. autocracy
Single ruler or political party that rules with no restrictions on power. dictator
Government that seeks to control all aspects of social and economic life. totalitarian
In this government, the king, queen, or emperor control the government and make all the laws for all the people. absolute monarchy
In this government, kings, queens, or emperors share power with elected legislatures and power is limited by law. constitutional monarchy
Heads of a country in title bu actually have no real authority or responsibility. figureheads
A small group of people, usually from the upper class, hold power. oligarchy
A small group of military officers who rule a country after taking it over by force. junta
A government in which people vote on all issues. direct democracy
People elect representatives and give them the power to vote on issues. representative democracy aka republic
What is democracy based on? majority rule
Government based on religion. theocracy
When there is no government present in a country. anarchy
Document that creates our nation's government: U.S. Constitution
What is special about our Constitution? It is the oldest written constitution still in use today.
What does "We the people of the United States" mean? The Constitution was created for the people, by the people.
What does "In order to form a more perfect union" mean? create a more united country
What does "establish justice, insure domestic tranquility" mean? create fair laws to keep the peace
What does "provide for the common defense" mean? create a military to protect the citizens
What does "promote the general welfare" mean? provide public services to make life better
What does "secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity" mean? make sure we keep our freedom now and for future generations
What does Article I create? legislative branch
What does Article II create? executive branch
What does Article III create? judicial branch
What does Article IV describe? how the states should interact with each other
What does Article V describe? what must be done to amend, or change, the Constitution
What does Article VI state? laws and treaties of the U.S. government are the "supreme law of the land"
What does Article VII say? the Constitution could not take effect until nine out of the thirteen states approved it
The United States Constitution creates a central government known as what? the federal government
Powers actually stated in the Constitution expressed powers
Powers not expressly stated in the Constitution implied powers
What system divides powers between states and federal government? federal system
Powers assigned to the national government, such as coining money and regulating trade delegated powers
Powers kept by the states, including creating local governments and holding elections reserved powers
Powers shared by the federal and state governments, including taxing and enforcing laws concurrent powers
This clause allows Congress to stretch its delegated powers to deal with new or unexpected issues. elastic clause aka "necessary and proper clause"
This branch has the power to write laws, confirm presidential appointments, approve treaties, grant money, and declare war. legislative branch
This branch has the power to propose and administer laws, command armed forces, appoint officials, conduct foreign policy, and make treaties. executive branch
This branch has the power to interpret the Constitution and other laws and review lower court decisions. judicial branch
What branch can check on the executive branch by rejecting appointments, rejecting treaties, withholding funding for presidential initiatives, impeaching the President and overriding a veto? legislative branch
What branch can check on the judicial branch by proposing constitutional amendments to overrule judicial decisions and impeach Supreme Court Justices? legislative branch
What branch can check on the legislative branch by adjourning Congress in certain situations and vetoing bills? executive branch
What branch can check on the judicial branch by appointing judges? executive branch
What branch can check on the executive branch by declaring executive actions unconstitutional? judicial branch
What branch can check on the legislative branch by declaring laws unconstitutional? judicial branch
What two houses does Article I divide the legislative branch into? House of Representatives and Senate
What group has 435 members based on state population, and each member represents a particular district within his or her state? House of Representatives
What group has two members for each state, both representing the state as a whole? Senate
What are the requirements to be elected to the House of Representatives? two-year terms; at least 25 years old; live in the state where elected; US citizen for seven years
What are the requirements to be elected to the Senate? six-year terms; at least 30 years old; live in the state where elected; US citizen for nine years
What is the first step for a House bill to become a law? A representative writes a bill and gets support from the others in the House.
After a representative writes a bill and gets support from others in the House, what is the next step? The bill is assigned a number and is read aloud to the other Representatives. Then it is sent to a committee for a close review.
After the bill is sent to a committee for a close review, what is the next step? If the committee likes it, it will be sent to the whole House for debate.
Once the bill is sent from the committee to the House for debate, what is the next step? All of the Representatives get a chance to read the bill and debate whether it should be supported or opposed. The bill is read again and changes are suggested.
Once the bill is read again in the House and changes are suggested, what is the next step? If changes are made, the bill is read again, and the whole House is called on to vote on the bill.
Once changes are made and the whole House is called to vote on a bill, what is the next step? The bill arrives at the Senate, where it goes through the same debate, changes are made, then another vote is held before it can move on.
Once the bill is voted on in the Senate, what is the next step? If both chambers of Congress approve, the bill lands on the president's desk. If it is signed, it becomes a law. If it is vetoed, there can be an override with a 2/3 majority vote in Congress.
Created by: lfoy8290
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