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Foy Gov Part 1
|Person or group of people who make the rules or laws for everyone else in a nation.
|Two ways leaders can be chosen:
|by the people or use force to take charge
|Government in which the power to govern is held by one person.
|Single ruler or political party that rules with no restrictions on power.
|Government that seeks to control all aspects of social and economic life.
|In this government, the king, queen, or emperor control the government and make all the laws for all the people.
|In this government, kings, queens, or emperors share power with elected legislatures and power is limited by law.
|Heads of a country in title bu actually have no real authority or responsibility.
|A small group of people, usually from the upper class, hold power.
|A small group of military officers who rule a country after taking it over by force.
|A government in which people vote on all issues.
|People elect representatives and give them the power to vote on issues.
|representative democracy aka republic
|What is democracy based on?
|Government based on religion.
|When there is no government present in a country.
|Document that creates our nation's government:
|What is special about our Constitution?
|It is the oldest written constitution still in use today.
|What does "We the people of the United States" mean?
|The Constitution was created for the people, by the people.
|What does "In order to form a more perfect union" mean?
|create a more united country
|What does "establish justice, insure domestic tranquility" mean?
|create fair laws to keep the peace
|What does "provide for the common defense" mean?
|create a military to protect the citizens
|What does "promote the general welfare" mean?
|provide public services to make life better
|What does "secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity" mean?
|make sure we keep our freedom now and for future generations
|What does Article I create?
|What does Article II create?
|What does Article III create?
|What does Article IV describe?
|how the states should interact with each other
|What does Article V describe?
|what must be done to amend, or change, the Constitution
|What does Article VI state?
|laws and treaties of the U.S. government are the "supreme law of the land"
|What does Article VII say?
|the Constitution could not take effect until nine out of the thirteen states approved it
|The United States Constitution creates a central government known as what?
|the federal government
|Powers actually stated in the Constitution
|Powers not expressly stated in the Constitution
|What system divides powers between states and federal government?
|Powers assigned to the national government, such as coining money and regulating trade
|Powers kept by the states, including creating local governments and holding elections
|Powers shared by the federal and state governments, including taxing and enforcing laws
|This clause allows Congress to stretch its delegated powers to deal with new or unexpected issues.
|elastic clause aka "necessary and proper clause"
|This branch has the power to write laws, confirm presidential appointments, approve treaties, grant money, and declare war.
|This branch has the power to propose and administer laws, command armed forces, appoint officials, conduct foreign policy, and make treaties.
|This branch has the power to interpret the Constitution and other laws and review lower court decisions.
|What branch can check on the executive branch by rejecting appointments, rejecting treaties, withholding funding for presidential initiatives, impeaching the President and overriding a veto?
|What branch can check on the judicial branch by proposing constitutional amendments to overrule judicial decisions and impeach Supreme Court Justices?
|What branch can check on the legislative branch by adjourning Congress in certain situations and vetoing bills?
|What branch can check on the judicial branch by appointing judges?
|What branch can check on the executive branch by declaring executive actions unconstitutional?
|What branch can check on the legislative branch by declaring laws unconstitutional?
|What two houses does Article I divide the legislative branch into?
|House of Representatives and Senate
|What group has 435 members based on state population, and each member represents a particular district within his or her state?
|House of Representatives
|What group has two members for each state, both representing the state as a whole?
|What are the requirements to be elected to the House of Representatives?
|two-year terms; at least 25 years old; live in the state where elected; US citizen for seven years
|What are the requirements to be elected to the Senate?
|six-year terms; at least 30 years old; live in the state where elected; US citizen for nine years
|What is the first step for a House bill to become a law?
|A representative writes a bill and gets support from the others in the House.
|After a representative writes a bill and gets support from others in the House, what is the next step?
|The bill is assigned a number and is read aloud to the other Representatives. Then it is sent to a committee for a close review.
|After the bill is sent to a committee for a close review, what is the next step?
|If the committee likes it, it will be sent to the whole House for debate.
|Once the bill is sent from the committee to the House for debate, what is the next step?
|All of the Representatives get a chance to read the bill and debate whether it should be supported or opposed. The bill is read again and changes are suggested.
|Once the bill is read again in the House and changes are suggested, what is the next step?
|If changes are made, the bill is read again, and the whole House is called on to vote on the bill.
|Once changes are made and the whole House is called to vote on a bill, what is the next step?
|The bill arrives at the Senate, where it goes through the same debate, changes are made, then another vote is held before it can move on.
|Once the bill is voted on in the Senate, what is the next step?
|If both chambers of Congress approve, the bill lands on the president's desk. If it is signed, it becomes a law. If it is vetoed, there can be an override with a 2/3 majority vote in Congress.