Busy. Please wait.
Log in with Clever

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
Sign up using Clever

Username is available taken
show password

Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
Your email address is only used to allow you to reset your password. See our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.

Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
Didn't know it?
click below
Knew it?
click below
Don't Know
Remaining cards (0)
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how



What is an Infectious Disease? Those caused by pathogenic microorganisms-bacteria, viruses,parasites,and fungi-which can be spread from one person to another.
Pathogens The microorganism that can cause diseases.
Resistance The ability to defend against infection.
Reasons Prevention Is Important 1)Easier and cheaper to prevent than treat 2)Contagious patients are present in the medical office 3)Increasing resistance 4)Lack of treatment for viruses 5)Epidemic of blood-borne diseases 6)Encroachment on formerly inaccessible habitant 7)Global travel
Virulent Able to cause serious illness
Epidemic Disease that attacks many people at one time
5 types of microorganisms that cause human disease Bacteria,specialized bacteria,viruses,fungi,and single-cell parasite
3 types of Bacteria(Bacterium,Single) Bacillus, Spirochetes, Spore
Rod shaped and cause tuberculosis, tetanus, and otitis media. Bacillus
Long, spiral, flexible bacteria. They cause syphilis and Lyme disease. Spirochetes
A dormant form that has formed a thick capsule around itself that is highly resistant to heat or chemicals. Spore
Smaller them most bacteria and cannot survive or reproduce outside of the human host. They include rickettsia and chlamydia. Specialized Bacteria
Smallest of infectious agents; they contain only DNA or RNA, but not both. VIruses
Vary in size from miscroscope to visible with naked eye. 10X as large as bacteria. Includes yeasts and molds. Fungi
Single-celled organisms that reproduce by budding. They cause candidiasis, vaginal infection, and infections in the mouth called thrush. Yeast
They grow by extending tentacle-like projections. Visible to the naked eye. Include ringworm, nail fungus, and athlete's foot. Mold
Larger organisms that live in or on another organism. They vary from single-celled organisms to worms and insects. Parasites
Protozoa Single-celled parasites that include species that cause diarrhea, trichomonas, vaginal infections, urinary tract and malaria.
Metazoa Multicellular parasites that often have complicated life cycles, which may include multiple hosts.
6 conditions that are necessary for microorganisms to grow and thrive: 1)A moist environment: the body is very moist 2)Nutrients 3)Temperature of around 98.6F(Normal Temp.) 4)Darkness 5)Neutral to slightly alkaline pH 6)Either an oygen source or an absence of oxygen
pH is a measure of the amount of acid in anything: a slightly alkaline pH is one with minimal acidity.
aerobic organism that requires oxygen
anaerobic organism that does not require oxygen
colonization taking over space and growing
3 normal physical factors that help the body fight off harmful microorganisms Intact Skin, Mucous Membranes, and Secretions
Mechanical responses the body makes to remove harmful irritants and pathogens Physiologic Responses
Inflammation the reaction of any tissue to injury
Four classic characteristics of inflammation: Redness, Swelling, Pain, and Heat.
Immune System Recognizes, attacks, and destroys pathogens
antigens a protein that is perceived to be foreign
antibodies specific protein that attach to the antigens, immobilize them, and target them for destruction.
Antibodies are also called... Immunoglobulins or gamma globulins
Make up about 15 percent of proteins in a person's blood: antibodies
Two types of responses the body has to antigens: cell-mediated immune response and humoral immune response
Two types of immunity an individual can have: Genetic Immunity or Acquired Immunity
Immunity is based on a person's gentic resistance to many diseases. Genetic Immunity
Immunity results from the presence of antibodies. Acquired Immunity
4 types of Acquired Immunity Active Immunity, Passive Immunity, Natural Immunity, and Artificial Immunity
If the person developed his or her own antibodies: Active Immunity
If antibodies are introduced from the outside: Passive Immunity
If the antibodies have been formed as a response to contacting a disease: Natural Immunity
If the immunity is developed as an outcome of immunization: Artificial Immunity
Infection Cycle Reservoir or reservoir host-Portal of exit-Means of transmission-Portal of Entry-Susceptible host
Means sterile Asepsis
Sterile Free of microorganisms
Medical Asepsis Also called clean technique also aimed at removing pathogens and reducing transfer of microorganisms by cleaning any body part or surface that has been exposed to them.
Also called sterile technique and the destruction of all microorganisms Surgical Asepsis
Sterile Technique The destruction of all microorganisms
The single most important means of preventing spread of an infection is frequent and effectiive handwashing by all medical office personnel.
5 other ways to maintain asepsis General Cleaning, Use of PPE, Proper Disposal of Hazardous Waste, Clean and Disinfect Contaminated Areas, and Clean and Sterilize Equipment
Should be used whenever there is a chance of coming into contact with body fluids. PPE(Personal Protective Equipment)
What temperature should water boil to when disinfecting? 212oF
How long do you have to boil bacteria to make sure everything is disinfected? 15 mins at a rolling boil, however bacterial spores and some viruses can survive.
Refers to the killing of all microorganisms, including bacteria, viruses, and bacterial spores. Sterilization
4 means to provide sterilization: Chemical, Gas, Dry Heat, and Steam
The most common method of sterilization in the medical office: Using an Autoclave
How long do you place unwrapped items in the autoclave? 15 mins
How long do you place wrapped instrument packages? 30 mins
How long do you place large double-wrapped packs in the autoclave? 45 mins or longer
The average adult has how much blood in his or her body? 10-12 pints(about 6 liters)
What system does blood transport through? Circulatory System
Created by: 100001037870109
Popular Clinical Skills sets




Use these flashcards to help memorize information. Look at the large card and try to recall what is on the other side. Then click the card to flip it. If you knew the answer, click the green Know box. Otherwise, click the red Don't know box.

When you've placed seven or more cards in the Don't know box, click "retry" to try those cards again.

If you've accidentally put the card in the wrong box, just click on the card to take it out of the box.

You can also use your keyboard to move the cards as follows:

If you are logged in to your account, this website will remember which cards you know and don't know so that they are in the same box the next time you log in.

When you need a break, try one of the other activities listed below the flashcards like Matching, Snowman, or Hungry Bug. Although it may feel like you're playing a game, your brain is still making more connections with the information to help you out.

To see how well you know the information, try the Quiz or Test activity.

Pass complete!
"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
restart all cards