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BIOL 1300 Exam 5

BIOL 1300 (Body Systems w/ Lab) Review for Exam #5 Spring 2012

QuestionAnswer
What actions regarding oxygen and carbon dioxide occur at the lungs? Oxygen diffuses into the blood and carbon dioxide diffuses into the alveoli
The most superior portion of the pharynx is the nasopharynx
Name characteristics that apply to the tissue that lines the trachea. pseudostratified, columnar, epitheleal
Where is the pleural space located? Between the layers of the membrane covering the lungs
Cartilage rings surround the trachea
Name of a structure that is a part of the nasal septum. Vomer
The amount of air that can be expelled from the lungs by maximum exhalation following maximum inhalation is the vital capacity
The neck and abdominal muscles are involved in a forceful exhalation
Most of the carbon dioxide transported in the blood is carried in the form of bicarbonate exhalation
Oxygen moves from the lungs into the blood via diffusion
Chemoreceptors that regulate breathing are located in the carotid artery and aorta
Orthopnea means a breathing difficulty that is relieved by sitting upright
An example of an upper respiratory infection is acute coryza
The fluid that accumulates in the alveoli of patients with pneumonia is called exudate
What conditions might be associated with an allergic response? hay fever, asthma, allergic rhinitis
What symptoms are associated with COPD? dyspnea, dilation and destruction of alveoli, chronic inflammation of the bronchi and bronchioles
Air or fluid may be removed from the pleural space by thoracentesis
Describe the correct order of tissue from the outermost to the innermost layer in the wall of the digestive tract? serous membrane, smooth muscle, submucosa, mucosa
The layer of the digestive tract wall that forms the teniae coli is the smooth muscle layer
Which of the following is NOT a subdivision of the peritoneum? endothelium
The lesser omentum is between the stomach and liver
The portion of the peritoneum mesentery
The hardest substance found in a tooth is enamel
The pyloric sphincter regulates the flow of food into the duodenum
The vermiform appendix is attached to the cecum
The waste product of protein metabolism that is synthesized in the liver is urea
The salivary glands under the tongue are called the sublingual glands
Bilirubin is a byproduct of the destruction of red blood cells
What is the function that is accomplished by bile? emulsification of fats
The cystic duct and common hepatic duct merge to form the common bile duct
Most nutrients are absorbed in the small intestine
Folds in the cell membrane of intestinal cells are called microvilli
Secretin and cholecystokinin are hormones produced in the duodenum
Caries is the scientific name for tooth decay
The end products of cellular respiration are carbon dioxide and water
The compound that will generate ATP without further digestion is glucose
Describe a statement that is true with regard to the relative caloric content of different nutrients. Fats yield more energy per gram than sugars or proteins
An essential amino acid can be received it what way? must be ingested in the diet
A mineral found in hemoglobin is iron
Vitamin B2 is riboflavin
Name of a complex carbohydrate? cellulose
Low levels of blood protein and the presence of ascites fluid in the abdomen is characteristic of children with kwashiorkor
Most body heat is lost through the skin
Name the process for heat loss from the body. conduction, radiation, evaporation
The normal body temperature is about 37 Degrees Celsius
A sudden fall in temperature that follows a fever is called the crisis
Conventional nutritional guidelines suggest that daily caloric intake should be divided between the three nutrient types as 55% carbohydrate, 15% protein, 30% fat
The viral disease mumps is an example of parotitis
Name of a substance that is a protease? trypsin
The Adam's apple is formed by the thyroid cartilage
Created by: Desy91