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Ch 10 Cardiology

Blood Vessels

QuestionAnswer
largest artery in the body. it carries Oxygenated blood from the left ventricle to the body. it includes the "ascending ______, the ________ arch, the thoracic _________, and the abdominal __________. aorta
smallest branch of an artery arteriole
blood vessel that carries oxygenated blood away from the heart to the body. this bright red blood has a high level of oxygen. (exception is the pulmonary arteries that carry blood from the heart to the lungs. they carry dark-purple blood w/ low O2 artery
artery that carries oxygenated blood to the axilla (armpit) area axillary artery
channels through which the blood circulates throughout the body. these include arteries, arterioles, capillares, venules, and veins, these are known as :vascular structures". the lumen is the central opening inside a blood vessel through the blood flows blood vessels
artery that carries oxygenated blood to the upper arm brachial artery
smallest blood vessel in the body. this network connects the arterioles to the venules. the exchange of oxygen and CO2 takes place in here capillary
artery that carries oxygenated blood to the neck, face, head, and brain. if these arteries are compressed, the lack of blood to the brain will cause a person to become unconscious carotid artery
layer of cells that line the wall of a blood vessel, known as the "intima" endothelium
artery that carries oxygenated blood to the upper leg femoral artery
collective phrase for the aorta (the largest artery), the superior and inferior venae cavae (the largest veins), the pulmonary trunk, pulmonary arteries, and pulmonary veins great vessels
artery that carries oxygenated blood to the hip and groin area iliac artery
vein that carries blood from the head to the superior vena cava jugular vein
artery that carries oxygenated blood to the little toe side of the lower leg (along the fibula bone) peroneal artery
artery that carries oxygenated blood to the back of the knee and then branches into the tibial and peroneal arteries popliteal artery
vein that carries blood from the intestines to the liver portal vein
artery that carries blood away from the heart to the lungs. the ________ ________ is the only artery that carries blood that has a low level of oxygen pulmonary artery
vein that carries oxygenated blood from the lungs to the heart . the ________ ________ is the only vein that carries blood with a high level of oxygen pulmonary vein
the bulging of an artery wall from blood pumped by the heart pulse
artery that carries oxygenated blood to the thumb side of the lower arm (along the radius bone) radial artery
artery that carries oxygenated blood to the kidney renal artery
vein that carries blood from the leg to the groin saphenous vein
artery that carries oxygenated blood to the shoulder. it goes underneath (sub-) the clavicle (collar bone) subclavian artery
artery that carries oxygenated blood to the front and back of the lower leg tibial artery
artery that carries oxygenated blood to the litlle finger side of the lower arm (along the ulna bone) ulnar artery
network of blood vessels in a particular organ vasculature
constriction of smooth muscle in the wall of a blood vessel that causes it to become smaller in diameter vasoconstriction
relaxation of smooth muscle in the wall of a blood vessel that causes it to become larger in diameter vasodilation
blood vessel that carries blood from the body back to the heart. this blood has a low level of O2 and high level of CO2 and waste products of cellular metabolism from cells.exception is pulmonary veins that carry blood w/ high level O2 from lungs to heart vein
largest vein in the body. the superior _____ _____ carries blood from the head, neck, arms, and chest back to the right atrium of the heart. the inferior ______ ______ carries blood from the abdomen, pelvis and legs back to the right atrium venae cavae
smallest branch of a vein venule
abdomin/o- abdomen
arteriol/o- arteriole
arteri/o- arter/o- artery
axill/o- (armpit) axilla
angi/o- vascul/o- blood vessel; lymphatic vessel
vas/o- blood vessel; vas deferens
brachi/o- arm
capill/o- hairlike structure; capillary
carot/o- stupor; sleep
coron/o- structure that encircles like a crown
theli/o- cellular layer
femor/o- femur (thigh bone)
ili/o- (hip bone) ilium
jugul/o- (throat) jugular
perone/o- (lower leg bone) fibula
poplite/o- back of the knee
port/o- point of entry
ren/o- kidney
saphen/o- clearly visible
clav/o- (collar bone) clavivcle
tibi/o- (shin bone) tibia
uln/o- (forearm bone) ulna
constrict/o- drawn together; narrowed
dilat/o- dilate; widen
ven/o- phleb/o- vein
Created by: ricrom81