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Ch 10 Cardiology

Heart

QuestionAnswer
heart valve between the left ventricle and the aorta aortic valve
each of two upper chambers of the heart atrium
ropelike strands that support the tricuspid and mitral valves and keep their leaflets tightly closed when the ventricles are contracting chordae tendinae
temporary, small blood vessel in the fetal heart that connects the pulmonary trunk to the aorta, it should close within 24 hrs after birth ductus arteriosus
layer of cells that line the atria, ventricles, and valves of the heart endocardium
temporary, oval-shaped opening in the interatrial septum of the fetal heart, it should close within 24 hrs after birth foramen ovale
organ that pumps blood throughout the body, it contains 4 chambers, the septum (a center wall), and 4 valves. the adjective form for _________ is "cardiac" heart
the lower tip of the heart is the ..... apex
heart valve between the left atrium and the left ventricle, it is also known as "bicuspid valve", it has 2 (bi-) pointed leaflets or cusps mitral valve
muscular layer of the heart myocardium
membrane that surrounds the heart as the "pericardial sac" and filled w/ pericardial fluid, membrane part next to the heart is the visceral _________ or epicardium, the outer wall of pericardial sac is the parietal ___________ pericardium
heart valve between the right ventricle and the pulmonary trunk and the pulmonary arteries pulmonary valve
heart valve between the right atrium and right ventricle, it has three (tri-) pointed leaflets or cusps tricuspid valve
structure that opens and closes to control the flow of blood. include the tricuspid ______, pulmonary ________, mitral __________ and aortic ___________. there are also __________ in some of the large veins to prevent backflow of blood valve
each of the two large, lower chambers of the heart ventricle
aort/o- aorta
valvul/o- valv/o- valve
sept/o- septum
apic/o- (tip) apex
mitr/o- miter
cusp/o- projection; point
my/o- muscle
viscer/o- large internal organs
pariet/o- wall of a cavity
ventricul/o- (lower heart chamber; chamber in the brain) ventricle
Created by: ricrom81