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Chapter 23

What is another name for Anabolism? Dehydration Synthesis
What is another name for Catabolism? Hydrolysis
What is the sum total of all the chemical reactions that occur in the body? Metabolism
This is the formation of a larger, more complex molecule called polymer. Anabolism (Dehydration Synthesis)
The breaking down of large molecules polymers into smaller monomers is called. Catabolism (Hydrolysis)
This require the input of energy. Anabolism
Energy is released while water is used. Catabolism
Water is removed from monomers to build polymers in this reaction. Anabolism
Water is split and added to break apart and stabilize the newly formed monomers. Catabolism
protein synthesis on ribsomes is what type of reaction Anabolism
Name some Anabolism reactions. actin, myosin, hemoglobin, antibodies, storage of fat, formation of scar tissue
Name some Catabolism reactions glycogen into glucose, Krebs cycle, Electron transport system; hydrolysis of proteins and fats
Glucose, fructose, and galactose are what kind of carbohydrates. monosaccharide
maltose, sucrose, and lactose are what kind of carbohydrates dissacharide
glycogen, starch, cellulose are what kind of carbohydrates polysaccharide
the purpose of cellular respiration convert glucose and oxyen into an energy molecule for the body
Anaeorbic means without
this is produced during anaerobic respiration lactic acid
glucose>glycogen>glycogensis is a type of glucose anabolism
glycogen>glucose>glycogenolysis and non-carbohydrates is a type of glycogen catabolism
glucose a monosaccharide is convert to> glycogen a polysaccharide
glycogen a polysaccharide is covent to> glucose a monosaccharide
the hormone insulin from beta cells of the pancreas, promotes this process glycogensis
the hormone glucagon from the alpha cells of the pancreas promotes this process glucogenolysis
process by which glucose is formed from non-carbohydrate sources (fats and proteins) gluconeogensis
occurs in the liver, and will increase when on a high protein diet. gluconeogensis
Created by: mitchellnatashia