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mass therapy final

msa1

QuestionAnswer
Which plane of movement that divides the body into upper and lower parts? Transverse
The directional term "cranial" and "caudal" are used when referring to structures in which area of the body? Trunk
Anatomically speaking, the term "proximal" provides what directional information? Closer to the trunk
A structure closer to the back of the body than the front could be described as? Posterior
How does one describe a structure further away from the mid-line of the body? Lateral
How is a superficial structure situated in the body? Closer to the body surface
Which is a section of the skeleton that includes the vertebral column and ribs? Axial
The fibrous outer covering of long bone is called what? Periosteum
What structure forms the most posterior portion of a vertebra? Spinous Process
Maxilla is considered as a ________ bone? Facial
What structure forms the most anterior portion of a vertebra? Body
Bones of the vertebral column are examples of: a. Short Bone b. Flat Bone c. Irregular Bones d. Long Bones C. Irregular Bone
Contra-lateral means? The opposite side
The ulna lays _________ to the carpal bones. Proximal
A section that separates the body into anterior and posterior portions would be a _________ section? Coronal
The skull lays ________ to the cervical spine. superior
What is the correct term to describe rib 1-7? True ribs
Which of the following is NOT part of the sternum? a. Body b. Clavicle c. Manubrium d. Xiphoid Process B. Clavicle
Which of the following is considered a flat bone? a. Vertebra b. Tarsal c. Scapula d. Patella D. Patella
The site of bone lengthening is known as the ____________? a. Epiphyseal disc b. Diaphysis c. Medullary cavity d. Articular line A. Epiphyseal Disc
What makes up the axial skeleton? The bones of Head, Neck and Trunk
Which of the following is a special feature of the occipital bone? a. Coronal suture b. Zygomatic arch c. EOP (external occipital protuberance) d. Sella turcia C. EOP (external occipital protuberance)
How many lumbar vertebrae are there in the adult column? 5 vertebrae
The parietal bones join together at what suture? Sagittal suture
In anatomical position, what is the correct position of the body? Body erect, face
Maxilla is considered as a ________ bone? Facial
What structure forms the most anterior portion of a vertebra? Body
Bones of the vertebral column are examples of: a. Short Bone b. Flat Bone c. Irregular Bones d. Long Bones C. Irregular Bone
Contra-lateral means? The opposite side
The ulna lays _________ to the carpal bones. Proximal
A section that separates the body into anterior and posterior portions would be a _________ section? Coronal
The skull lays ________ to the cervical spine. superior
What is the correct term to describe rib 1-7? True ribs
Which of the following is NOT part of the sternum? a. Body b. Clavicle c. Manubrium d. Xiphoid Process B. Clavicle
Which of the following is considered a flat bone? a. Vertebra b. Tarsal c. Scapula d. Patella D. Patella
The site of bone lengthening is known as the ____________? a. Epiphyseal disc b. Diaphysis c. Medullary cavity d. Articular line A. Epiphyseal Disc
What makes up the axial skeleton? The bones of Head, Neck and Trunk
Which of the following is a special feature of the occipital bone? a. Coronal suture b. Zygomatic arch c. EOP (external occipital protuberance) d. Sella turcia C. EOP (external occipital protuberance)
How many lumbar vertebrae are there in the adult column? 5 vertebrae
The parietal bones join together at what suture? Sagittal suture
In anatomical position, what is the correct position of the body? Body erect, face, feet and palms facing forward with feet 6-8 inches apart.
Which of the following bone types contain a diaphysis? a. Flat b. Irregular c. Long d. Sesamoid C. Long
When palpating posteriorly over the spine, the structure most prominently felt is the _________? Spinous Process
Which sequence of term are all axial skeleton bones? a. vertebra, sternum, skull b. ulna, humerus, femur c. radius, ulna, carpal d. clavicle, femur, rib A. Vertebra, Sternum, Skull
Which of the following bones is located in the appendicular portion of the skeleton? a. Rib b. Humerus c. Sternum d. Vertebra B. Humerus
Which of the structures in the part of a vertebra? a. Manubrium b. Xiphoid process c. Spinous process d. Clavicle C. Spinous Process
what is the correct term to describe rib pairs 11-12? Floating ribs
A section that separates the body into superior and inferior portions would be a ___________? Transverse section
Which of the following tissues is found in-between adjacent vertebral bodies? a. Ligaments b. Tendons c. Fibrocartilage d. Mucous C. Fibrocartilage
Moving a part away from the mid-line within the coronal plane is called? Abduction
The function of joint is to? a. bind parts of the skeletal system muscle contraction b. allow movement in response to skeletal muscle contraction c. permit bone growth d. all of the above are function of joints D. All of the above are function of joints
The head of the humerus articulates with the ______________ of the scapula. Glenoid Fossa
Joints formed by adjacent vertebral bodies separated by intervertebral discs are classified as ______. a. gomphosis b. sutures c. symphysis d. ball and socket C. Symphysis
These joints permits movement in only one plane (e.g. flexion and extension)? Hinge Joint
The sternoclavicular joint is an example of a _________ joint? Gliding (plane) joint
The radiocarpal (wrist) joint is an example of a _________ joint. Condyloid
The purpose of articular cartilage is to ________________. a. provide flexibility in the joint b. provide insulation c. minimize friction d. secrete synovial fluid C. minimize friction
______________ type of joints allow no movement. a. Synarthrotic b. Diarthrotic c. Biarthritic d. Amphiarthrotic A. Synarthrotic
Which of the following is the main function of synovial fluid? a. Lubrication of the joint surface b. Prevention of infection within the joint capsule c. Nutrition of the cartilage within the joint d. Shock absorption around the joint A. Lubrication of the joint surface
Which of the following statements is FALSE regarding the glenoid labrum? a. It is composed of fibrocartilage b. it is attached to the margin of the glenoid fossa c. It functions to deepen the glenoid fossa d. It is a muscle that moves the shoulder j D. It is a muscle that moves the shoulder joint
The type of joint that permits the widest range of motion is _______. Ball and Socket
Which one of the following does NOT occur at the shoulder joint? a. Flexion b. Pronation c. Adduction d. Abduction B. Pronation
What movement are made possible by the rotation of the head of the radius? Supination and Pronation
What term is used to describe a joint that is freely movable? Diarthrotic
Fluid filling sacs that cushion and aid in movement of tendons over bony areas are known as ______________. Bursae
When the elbow is bent 90 degress and the forearm is rotated so that the palm faces the ceiling, what action is occurring? Supination of the forearm
An example of a gomphosis would be the ____________. a. suture b. shoulder joint c. teeth d. intervertebral disc C. Teeth
Which of the following is an example of a sesamoid bone? a. Rib b. Scapula c. Radius d. Patella D. Patella
what term means toward the front of the body? Anterior
The femur is an example of a _____ bone. a. Short b. Long c. Sesamoid d. Flat B. Long
What does the term medial means? closer to the imaginary mid-line that divides the body into equal right and left halves
What bone comprise the pectoral girdle? Scapula & Clavicle
Which of the following is not located in the scapula? a. Infraspinous fossa b. Supraspinous fossa c. Coracoid process d. Xiphoid process D. Xiphoid Process
How many cervical vertebrae are there in the adult vertebral column? 7 vertebrae
Which of the following is the medial bone of the forearm? a. Ulna b. Radius c. Fibula d. Tibia A. Ulna
which of the following bones form the palm of the hand? a. carpals b. ulna c. radius d. metacarpals D. Metacarpals
An example of short bone would be the _________. a. Femur b. Vertebrae c. Carpals d. Scapula C. Carpals
The lateral end of the clavicle articulates with the acromion process of the scapula to form what joint? a. (MCP) Metacarpophalangeal Joint b. (AC) Acromioclavicular Joint c. (GH) Glenohumeral Joint d. Acetabulofemoral Joint B. (AC) Acromioclavicular Joint
what is the insertion of flexor carpi ulnaris? Base of the fifth metacarpal, pisiform and hook of the hamate
Which of these muscles has an attachment at the lateral epicondyle of the humerus? a. Extensor carpi ulnaris b. Flexor carpi ulnaris c. Teres Minor d. Teres Major A. Extensor carpi ulnaris
which of the following muscle can abduct (radially deviate) the wrist? a. Flexor Carpi Ulnaris b. Extensor Carpi Ulnaris c. Flexor Carpi Radialis d. Extensor Digitorum C. Flexor Carpi Radialis
Where is the common extensor tendon located? Lateral epicondyle of the humerus
Antagonist muscle produce movemnet in the __________ direction of the prime mover. Opposite
Muscle that assist the prime mover are called __________ muscles. Synergist
What happens when a prime mover and the antagonist muscle both contract with the same strength? No movement will occur at the joint
what is the insert of extensor carpi radialis longus? Base of the second metacarpal
Which of the following muscle is/are superficial? a. extensor carpi radialis longus and brevis b. extensor digitorum c. extensor carpi ulnaris d. All the muscle above are superficial D. All the muscle above are superficial
What is the insertion of flexor carpi radialis? Bases of the second and third metacarpals
Where is the common flexor tendon located? Medial epicondyle of the humerus
Which of the following muscles deep? a. Flexor carpi ulnaris b. Palmaris longus c. Flexor digitorum profundus d. Extensor digitorum C. Flexor digitorum profundus
Which of the following is an action of extensor carpi ulnaris? Ulnar deviation (adduction) of the wrist.
Which of the following muscles as ropy tendon? a. Extensor digitorum b. Flexor carpi radialis c. Extensor carpi ulnaris d. All of the muscles above have ropy tendon D. All of the muscles above have ropy tendon
Which of the following muscles will extend the elbow? a. Biceps brachii b. Brachialis c. Brachioradialis d. Triceps brachii D. Triceps brachii
What is the origin of pronator teres? Medial epicondyle of the humerus
What is the only muscle located on the posterior arm? a. Biceps brachii b. Supinator c. Triceps Brachii d. Brachialis C. Triceps Brachii
The olecranon process is the insertion for? Triceps Brachii
Which of the following is an action of biceps brachii? a. extension of the shoulder b. flexion of the elbow c. abduction of the shoulder d. extension of the elbow B. flexion of the elbow
What is the origin for teres major? Inferior angle and lower 1/3 of the lateral border of the scapula
What is the insertion for the deltoid muscle? Deltoid tuberosity of the humerus
Which of the following is NOT an action of the deltoid? a. Flexion of the shoulder b. Internal rotation of the shoulder c. Adduction of the shoulder d. External rotation of the shoulder C. Adduction of the shoulder
Latissimus dorsi inserts where? Intertubercular groove of the humerus
What is the origin of deltoid? Lateral 1/3 of the calvicle, acromion process and spine of the scapula
Created by: neographic