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Chabner Ch 15

QuestionAnswer
calc/o, calci/o calcium
kyph/o humpback,hunchback
lamin/o lamina(part of the vertebral arch)
lord/o curve, swayback
lumb/o loins, lower back
myel/o bone marrow
orth/o straight
oste/o bone
scoli/o crooked, bent
spondyl/o (used to make words about the conditions of the structure) vertebra
vertebr/o (used to describe the structure itself) vertebra
-blast embryonic or immature cell
-clast to break
-listhesis slipping
-malacia softening
-physis to grow
-porosis pore, passage
-tome instrument to cut
acetabul/o acetabulum(hip socket)
calcane/o calcaneus(heel)
carp/o carpals(wrist bones)
clavicul/o clavicle(collar bone)
cost/o ribs(true ribs, false ribs, and floating ribs)
crani/o cranium(skull)
femor/o femur(thigh bone)
fibul/o fibula(smaller leg bone)
humer/o humerus(upper arm bone)
ili/o ilium(upper part of pelvic bone)
ischi/o ischium(posterior part of pelvic bone)
malleol/o malleolus(process on each side of the ankle)
mandibul/o mandible(lower jawbone)
maxill/o maxilla(upper jawbone)
metacarp/o metacarpals(hand bones)
olecran/o olecranon(elbow)
patell/o patella(kneecap)
pelv/i pelvis(hipbone)
perone/o fibula
phalang/o phalanges(finger and/or toe bones)
pub/o pubis(anterior part of the pelvic bone)
radi/o radius(forearm bone-thumb side)
scapul/o scapula(shoulder blade)
stern/o sternum(breastbone)
tars/o tarsals(bones of the hindfoot)
tibi/o tibia(shin bone)
uln/o ulna(forearm bone-little finger side)
gouty arthritis(gout) Inflammation and painful swelling of joints caused by excessive uric acid in the body.
flexion Decreasing the angle between two bones; bending a limb
extension Increasing the angle between two bones; straightening out a limb
abduction Movement away from the midline of the body
adduction Movement toward the midline of the body
rotation Circular movement around an axis(central point). Internal rotation is toward the midline and external rotation is away from the midline.
dorsiflexion Decreasing the angle of the ankle joint so that the foot bends backward(upward). This is the opposite movement of stepping on the gas pedal when driving a car.
plantar flexion Motion that extends the foot downward toward the ground as when pointing the toes or stepping on the gas pedal. Plant/o means sole of the foot.
supination As applied to the hand and forearm, the act of turning the palm up. As applied to the foot, it is an outward roll of the foot during normal motion.
pronation As applied to the hand and the forearm, the act of turning the palm down. As applied to the foot, it is inward rool of the foot during normal motion.
fasci/o fascia(forms sheaths enveloping muscles).
fibr/o fibrous connective tissue
leiomy/o smooth(visceral)muscle that lines the walls of internal organs
my/o muscle
myocardi/o heart muscle
myos/o muscle
plant/o sole of the foot
rhabdomy/o skeletal(striated)muscle connected to bones
sarc/o muscle and flesh
-asthenia lack of strength
-trophy development,nourishment
ab- away from
ad- toward
dorsi- back
poly many,much
rheumatoid factor test(RF) Serum is tested for the presence of an antibody
flexion Decreasing the angle between two bones; bending a limb
extension Increasing the angle between two bones; straightening out a limb
abduction Movement away from the midline of the body
adduction Movement toward the midline of the body
rotation Circular movement around an axis(central point). Internal rotation is toward the midline and external rotation is away from the midline.
dorsiflexion Decreasing the angle of the ankle joint so that the foot bends backward(upward). This is the opposite movement of stepping on the gas pedal when driving a car.
plantar flexion Motion that extends the foot downward toward the ground as when pointing the toes or stepping on the gas pedal. Plant/o means sole of the foot.
supination As applied to the hand and forearm, the act of turning the palm up. As applied to the foot, it is an outward roll of the foot during normal motion.
pronation As applied to the hand and the forearm, the act of turning the palm down. As applied to the foot, it is inward rool of the foot during normal motion.
fasci/o fascia(forms sheaths enveloping muscles).
fibr/o fibrous connective tissue
leiomy/o smooth(visceral)muscle that lines the walls of internal organs
my/o muscle
myocardi/o heart muscle
myos/o muscle
plant/o sole of the foot
rhabdomy/o skeletal(striated)muscle connected to bones
sarc/o muscle and flesh
-asthenia lack of strength
-trophy development,nourishment
ab- away from
ad- toward
dorsi- back
poly many,much
rheumatoid factor test(RF) Serum is tested for the presence of an antibody
Created by: jenhwyfar