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nutrition vocabulary

nutrition includes all body processes relating to food these include digestion, absorption metabolism circulation and elimination
nutritional status to the state or condition of ones nutrition
wellness a state of good health with optimal body function
hypertension high blood pressure may be caused by an excess amount of fat or salt
atherosclerosis condition in which arteries are narrowed by the accumulation of fatty substances on their inner surfaces
osteoporosis condition in which bones become porous and break easily
malnutrition poor nutrition
essential nutrients are composed of chemical elements found in food
carbohydrates are the major source of readily usable human energy
cellulose is the fibrous indigestible form of plant carbohydrate
lipids organic compounds such as oil
fats also known as lipids
cholesterol is a sterol lipid found in body cells and animal products
proteins are the basic components of all body cells
vitamins organic compounds that are essential to life
antioxidant organic molecules that help protect the body from harmful chemicals called free radicals
minerals are inorganic elements found in all body tissue
digestion is the process by which the body breaks down food into smaller parts,changes the food chemically and moves the food through the digestive system
peristalsis a rhythmic, wavelike motion of the muscles
absorption is the process in which blood or lymph capillaries pick up the digested nutrients
metabolism process in which nutrients are used by the cells for building tissue providing energy and regulating various body functions
BMR the rate at which the body uses energy just for maintaining its own tissue
kilo-calories diet containing low calorie foods, frequently prescribed for weight loss
therapeutic diets modifications of the normal diet and are used to improve specific health conditions
anorexia loss of appetite
regular diet balanced diet usually used for the ambulatory patient
liquid diets includes both clear liquids and full liquids.they should be used for only a short period of time
soft diet similar to the regular diet but foods must require little chewing and be easy to digest
diabetic diet used for patients with diabetes mellifluous
calorie controlled diets both low calorie and high calorie diets low are frequently used for patients who are overweight
low cholesterol diet restricts foods containing cholesterol
fat restricted diets low fat diets, cream whole milk
sodium restricted diets low sodium or low salt diet
protein diet both low and high protein diets
blond diet consist of easily digested food that don not irritate the digestive tract
low restricted diet eliminates or limits foods that are high in bulk or fiber
Created by: orianadbo