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MedTerm Quiz 11

Special Senses: The Eyes and Ears

blephar/o eyelid
conjunctiv/o conjunctiva
corne/o cornea
dipl/o double
glauc/o gray
ir/o iris
irid/o iris
kerat/o cornea
lacrim/o tears
ocul/o eye
ophthalm/o eye
opt/o eye, vision
optic/o eye
presby/o old age
retin/o retina
scler/o sclera
-metrist one who measures
-opia vision
ophthalmology study of the eye
opague means: light is unable to pass through
transparent means: light is able to pass through
The iris is: the colored part of the eye
The pupil is: the opening in the center of the iris
strabismus crossed eyes, caused by eye muscle weakness
eyelids provide: protection for the eyes
The cunjunctiva is: the mucous membrane lining of the eye.
The lacrimal gland is: located under the outer upper corner of each eyelid glands and produce tears.
The lacrimal ducts are: located in the inner corner of the eye socket and collect the tears and drain them into the nasolacrimal duct.
blepharitis eyelid inflammation
blepharoplasty surgical repair of the eyelid
blepharoptosis drooping eyelid
blepharectomy removal of the eyelid
conjunctivitis conjucntiva inflammation or pink eye
corneal pertaining to the cornea
diplopia double vision
keratitis cornea inflammation
keratometer instrument used to measure the curve of the cornea
keratotomy incision in the cornea
intraocular pertaining to within the eye
ophthalmalgia eye pain
ophthalmic pertaing to the eye
ophthalmologist eye specialist
ophthalmoscope instrument to view the inside of the eye
optic pertaining to the eye or vision
optometer instrument to measure the eye
optometrist one who measures vision
retinal pertaining to the retina
retinopathy retina disease
retinopexy surgical fixation of the retina
optician specialist in grinding lenses
optometry specialization in examining eyes, testing visual acuity, and prescribing corrective lenses
presbyopia visual loss due to old age, resulting in difficulty focusing for near vision
cataract lens becomes opaque or cloudy
glaucoma increase in intraocular pressure
hyperopia farsightedness
macular degeneration deterioration of the macular area of the retina of the eye
myopia nearsightedness
keratometry measurement of the curvature of the cornea
ophthalmoscopy examination of the interior of the eyes using a ophthalmoscope.
Snellen Chart chart used for testing distance vision
tonometry measurement of the intraocular pressure of the eye, used to check for glaucoma
cryoextraction procedure in which cataract is lifted from the lens with an extremely cold probe
enucleation surgical removal of the eyeball
keratoplasty surgical repair of the corea or cornea transplant
radial keratotomy spokelike incisions around the cornea that result in in becoming flatter. A surgical treatment for myopia.
D diopter (lens strength)
EENT Eyes, Ears, Nose and Throat
OD right eye
OS left eye
OU both eyes
PERRLA pupils equal, round, react to light and accomodation
acous/o hearing
audi/o hearing
audit/o hearing
myring/o eardrum
ot/o ear
tympan/o eardrum, middle ear
-cusis hearing
-otia ear condition
otology the study of the ear
audiology the study of hearing disorders
acoustic pertaining to hearing
audiogram record of hearing
audiometer instrument to measure hearing
audiologist hearing specialist
myringitis eardrum inflammation
myringectomy removal of the eardrum
myringoplasty surgical repair of the eardrum
otalgia ear pain
otic pertaining to the ear
otitis ear inflammation
otologist ear specialist
otorrhagia bleading from the ear
otoscope instrument to view inside the ear
otoplasty surgical repair of the external ear
tympanic pertaining to the eardrum
tympanitis eardrum inflammation
tympanometer instrument to measure eardrum
tympanoplasty surgical repair of the eardrum
tympanotomy incision into the eardrum
tympanectomy removal of the eardrum
American Sign Language (ASL) Non verbal communication
decibel measures the intensity or loudness of a sound
otorhinolaryngology ENT branch of medicine
presbycusis normal hearing loss accompanied by old age
tinnitus ringing in the ears
vertigo dizziness
otiis externa external ear infection
otitis media middle ear infection
labyrinthitis affects hearing and equillibrium, aka inner ear infection
Meniere's disease abnormal condition within the labyrinth of the inner ear that can lead to progressive loss of hearing. The symptons are vertigo, hearing loss and tinnitus.
audiometry test of hearing ability by determining the lowest and highest intensity (decibels) and frequencies (hertz) that a person can distinguish.
otoscopy examiniation of the ear canal, eardrum and outer ear using and otoscope
hearing aid apparatus or mechanical device used by persons with impaired hearing to amplify sound
myringotomy surgical puncture of the eardrum with removal of fluid and pus from the middle ear to eliminate a persistent ear infection and excessive pressure on the typanic membrane.
AD right ear
AS left ear
ASL American Sign Language
AU Both Ears
dB decibel
EENT eyes, ears, nose and throat
OM otitis media
Oto Otology
Created by: lynette.thorpe