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Chapter 7 YTI

Urinary System

QuestionAnswer
py/o Pus
ren/o Kidney
pyel/0 Renal Pelvis
Ket/o Ketone bodies
PKD Polycystic Kidney Disease
-poietin Substance that forms
-tripsy crushing
ur/o Urine
dips/o thirst
kal/o potassium
VCUG Voiding cystourethrogram
azot/o Nitrogen
KUB Kidney Ureter and Bladder
trigon/o trigone
bacteri/o bacteria
ESRD End-stage Rental Disease
UA Urinalysis
UTI Urinary Tract Infection
cyst/o Urinary Bladder
olig/o scanty
noct/o night
vesic/o Urinary Bladder
Urethr/o Urethra
Calic/o Calyx
albumin/o albumin
CRF Chronic Renal Failure
glomerul/o glomerulus
urin/o urine
-uria Urination or Urine Condition
keton/o Ketone Bodies
lith/o Stone
natr/o sodium
nephr/o Kidney
meat/o meatus
ADH Antidiruetic hormone Vasopressin
CATH Catheter or Catheterization
ARF Acute Renal Failure
CKD Chronic Kidney Disease
Cali/o Calyx
Ureter/o Ureter
A bean shaped organ behind the abdominal cavity on either side of the spine in the lumbar region. Kidney
Carries urine that was collected in the renal pelvis and flows through and into the bladder. Ureter
Thin muscular tube that carries urine from the urinary bladder to the outside of the body. Urethra
A hollow muscular sac that is a temporary reservoir for urine Urinary bladder
What are the names of the two external structures of the kidney? Fibrous Capsule and Hilum
What transports urine? ureters
What are the 3 steps in the formation of urine? Filtration,Reabsorption and Secretion
What are the internal parts of the kidney? Renal Medulla, Renal Cortex, and Renal Pelvis
What is the basin-like area in the central part of the Kidney? Renal Pelvis
The functional unit of the kidney is? Nephron
What is the most abundant waste product that is excreted by the Kidneys? Urea
What is the anatomical structure that transports urine out of the body? Uretha
What is the tiny cup-like structure that filters sugar, water, salts and Urea and waste? Bowman Capsule
Tiny Coiled and intertwined smaller blood vessels. Glomeruli
Urination and voiding is also known as micturition
Kidney becomes extremly dilated, Caused by a stone. Hydronephrosis
Inflammation of the Urethra is? urethritis
Toxic state which results when nitrogenous waste accumulates abnormally in the blood. Urine and blood mix Uremia
A common test that checks different aspects of urine? Urinalysis
Inflammation of the glomeruli within the kidney caused by streptococcal infection? glomerulonephritis
Kidney stones or remal calculi? Nephrolithiasis
Kidney contains masses of cysts. Fluid like sacs? PKD...Polycystic kidney Disease
Renal Cell carcinoma..Cancerous tumor of the kidney in adults? hypernephroma
Malignant tumor of the kidney in children? Wilms Tumor
Inflammation of the Renal Pelvis? pyelitis
What are two types of Renal failure? Acute and Chronic
Inflammation of the lining of the Renal Pelvis? Pyelonephritis
Inflammation of the Urerhra is? Urethritis
Loss of control of the passage of urine from the bladder? Incontienece
Inadequate secretion or improper utilization of insulin? Diabetes Mellitus
X-ray of the kidneys without contrast is? KUB..Kidney, Urthers and Bladder
X-ray of the kidney with contrast dye while the paitent is voiding is? VCUG...Voiding Cystourethrogram
Test to look inside the bladder an urethra is? cystoscopy
What are the two types of Dialysis? Hemodialysis and Peritoneal
Medical procedure that breaks up stones via sonic vibration? Lithotripsy
Dilation of Arteries, Renal Angioplasty
Passage of a flexible tubluar instrument through the urethra into the urinary bladder. Urinary catheterization
Nitrogrnous waste Urea
Created by: AllisonT