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Makeup Chapter 14

Anatomy Flash Cards Used for Makeup

QuestionAnswer
Albumins The most plentiful plasma proteins that help maintain proper blood osmotic pressure.
Basophils Intensify the inflammatory reaction and are involved in allergic reactions.
B-Cells Lymphocyte. Develops into plasma cells, which produce antibodies that help destroy bacteria and inactivate their toxins.
Bilirubin An orange-yellow pigment found in the liver. Secreted by liver cells into bile, which passes into the small intestine and then into the large intestine which is then converted into urobilinogen.
Blood plasma Liquid component of blood that makes up about half the volume of blood.
Electrolytes Ionized constituents of a living cell, blood, or other organic matter.
Eosinophils Release enzymes that combat inflammation in allergic reactions.
Erythroproteins A protein synthesized mainly in the kidneys and stimulates red blood cell formations.
Fibrinogen Soluble protein in blood plasma that plays a big part in blood clotting.
Globulins A protein with four different kinds of types.
Lymphocytes A form of leukocyte. Type of white blood cell in the vertebrae immune system.
Monocytes Take longer to reach the site of infection than neutrophils, but they eventually arrive in larger numbers. Migrate into infected tissues develop into cells that can phagocytize many more microbes than can neutrophils
Neutrophils Responds first to bacterial invasion, carrying on phagocytosis and releasing enzymes such as lysozyme that that destroy certain bacteria.
Platelets Each fragment, enclosed by a piece of megakaryocyte cell membrane, is this. Disk-shaped, have a diameter of 2-4 um, and exhibit many vesicles but no nucleus.
Proteins Organic compound consisting of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, and sometimes sulfur and phosphorus; synthesized on ribosomes and made up of amino acids linked by peptide bonds.
Red Blood Cells (RBCs) Reticulocytes usually develop into these after 1-2 days after their release from bone marrow.
Reticulocytes A RBC precursor ejects its nucleus and becomes this. 34% hemoglobin and retain some mitochondria, ribosomes, and endoplasmic reticulum, pass from red bone marrow into the bloodstream.
T-Cells Attack viruses, fungi, transplanted cells, cancer cells, and some bacteria.
White Blood Cells (WBCs) Have nuclei and do not contain hemoglobin. Classified as either granular or agranular, depending on whether they contain chemical-filled cytoplasmic vesicles that are made visible by staining.
Created by: tjneo90